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Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 12 Apr 2010 Bill Brewer.

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1 Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 12 Apr 2010 Bill Brewer

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3 Schedule - Bill Brewer 3 12 Apri 2010 DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon20-22, Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

4 Lesson 13 Questions 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Death of Christ 2.In what ways does the Lord’s Supper connect to other religious banquets? 3.Give two reasons why the crowds preferred the release of Barabbas over Jesus. 4.What “apology” does Matthew make in chapter 27? - Bill Brewer 4 12 Apri 2010

5 Questions 1.Explain the difference between “expiation” and “propitiation.” Expiation is the making of amends. Propitiation is the assuaging of anger. 2.What is the “Christus Victor” view of Christ’s death? “Christus Victor” is the view that Jesus’ death operated to destroy the works of Satan. 3.In what ways does the Lord’s Supper connect to other religious banquets? The Passover and the eschatological divine banquet - Bill Brewer 5 12 Apri 2010

6 Questions 4.Give two reasons why the crowds preferred the release of Barabbas over Jesus. Barabbas was most likely a “bandit” who operated over against both the Romans and the Jewish elite, both of which were hated by Jewish peasants 5.What “apology” does Matthew make in chapter 27? The posting of the guard at Jesus’ tomb provides a “defense” (apologia) against the charge that Jesus’ tomb was empty because Jesus’ disciples stole his body - Bill Brewer 6 12 Apri 2010

7 Death of Christ Gospel accounts vary on details Generally accepted historical fact Substantiated in some respects Plausible in all others Immediate cause was the threat Jesus represented to the Temple Jewish leaders used Romans to rid themselves of the threat (Jesus) Jesus’ most complete interpretation is in the Last Supper Vicarious Redemptive Eschatological Covenantal Expiatory Gospel accounts include... Righteous sufferer Glorification Exaltation Return to the Father Crucified Messiah Ransom for sins ( Christus Victor ) End of the Temple cult Salvific Once-for-all Pauline corpus adds... Scandalizing Substitutionary Universal Reconciliatory Propitiatory - Bill Brewer 7 12 Apri 2010

8 Matthew 26:1-2 26:1 And it came about that when Jesus had finished all these words, He said to His disciples, 2 “You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man is to be delivered up for crucifixion.” - Bill Brewer 8 Synoptics portray Last Supper as the eating of a Passover meal Gospel of John seems to have Jesus’ death occur prior to the Passover meal Various explanations: lunar vs. solar calendars; Essene or Galilean (Pharisees) vs. Judean (Sadducees) calendars; theology; or a mistake on John 18:28: 19:31 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

9 One Solution - Bill Brewer 9 12 Apri 2010 JUDEAN METHOD Gospel of John GALILEAN METHOD Synoptic Gospels Nisan 14 Nisan 15 6 am Jesus before Pilate 9 am Crucifixion 12-3 pm Darkness 3 pm Death of Jesus Burial of Jesus Last Supper - Jesus arrested Nisan 14 Adapted from Harold W. Hoehner, "Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, Part IV: The Day of Christ's Crucifixion,“ Bibliotheca Sacra, vol. 131, no. 523 (July-September 1954), pp pm Slaying of Passover lamb Nisan 13 THURSDAY Midnight Sunrise Sunset Sunrise SunsetFRIDAY Midnight SATURDAY

10 Matthew 26:3-5 3 Then the chief priests and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, named Caiaphas; 4 and they plotted together to seize Jesus by stealth, and kill Him. 5 But they were saying, “Not during the festival, lest a riot occur among the people.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

11 Jewish High Priests - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 Chronological and Background Charts of the New Testament, H. Wayne House, The Zondervan Corporation, 1981

12 Jewish High Priests (cont.) - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 Chronological and Background Charts of the New Testament, H. Wayne House, The Zondervan Corporation, 1981

13 Matthew 26:6-9 6 Now when Jesus was in Bethany, at the home of Simon the leper, 7 a woman came to Him with an alabaster vial of very costly perfume, and she poured it upon His head as He reclined at the table. 8 But the disciples were indignant when they saw this, and said, “Why this waste? 9 “For this perfume might have been sold for a high price and the money given to the poor.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

14 - Bill Brewer Apri 2010

15 Matthew 26: But Jesus, aware of this, said to them, “Why do you bother the woman? For she has done a good deed to Me. 11 “For the poor you have with you always; but you do not always have Me. 12 “For when she poured this perfume upon My body, she did it to prepare Me for burial. 13 “Truly I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done shall also be spoken of in memory of her.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

16 Matthew 26: Then one of the twelve, named Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests, 15 and said, “What are you willing to give me to deliver Him up to you?” And they weighed out to him thirty pieces of silver. 16 And from then on he began looking for a good opportunity to betray Him. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

17 Matthew 26:17 17 Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 Jean-Jacques Henner

18 Matthew 26: And He said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I am to keep the Passover at your house with My disciples.”’” 19 And the disciples did as Jesus had directed them; and they prepared the Passover. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

19 Matthew 26: Now when evening had come, He was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples. 21 And as they were eating, He said, “Truly I say to you that one of you will betray Me.” 22 And being deeply grieved, they each one began to say to Him, “Surely not I, Lord?” 23 And He answered and said, “He who dipped his hand with Me in the bowl is the one who will betray Me. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

20 Matthew 26: “The Son of Man is to go, just as it is written of Him; but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.” 25 And Judas, who was betraying Him, answered and said, “Surely it is not I, Rabbi?” He *said to him, “You have said it yourself.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

21 Matthew 26: And while they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” 27 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. 29 “But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

22 The Inbreaking Kingdom 8 Feb Bill Brewer God’s Rule Messiah Divine Banquet Cleansing Salvation Resurrection Judgment God’s Rule Jesus Lord’s Supper Baptism Salvation Resurrection Judgment

23 The Eschatological Banquet Isaiah 25:6–8 The LORD of hosts will prepare a lavish banquet for all peoples on this mountain; A banquet of aged wine, choice pieces with marrow, And refined, aged wine. 7 And on this mountain He will swallow up the covering which is over all peoples, Even the veil which is stretched over all nations. 8 He will swallow up death for all time, And the Lord GOD will wipe tears away from all faces, And He will remove the reproach of His people from all the earth; For the LORD has spoken. 8 Feb Bill Brewer 23 Multiplication of the Bread and Fish (Prefiguration of the Eucharist), From Catacomb of St. Callixtus (Rome), 3rd c.

24 Matthew 26: And after singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 31 Then Jesus *said to them, “You will all fall away because of Me this night, for it is written, ‘I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered.’ 32 “But after I have been raised, I will go before you to Galilee.” 33 But Peter answered and said to Him, ”Even though all may fall away because of You, I will never fall away.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

25 Matthew 26: Jesus said to him, “Truly I say to you that this very night, before a cock crows, you shall deny Me three times.” 35 Peter *said to Him, “Even if I have to die with You, I will not deny You.” All the disciples said the same thing too. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

26 Matthew 26: Then Jesus *came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and *said to His disciples, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.” 37 And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be grieved and distressed. 38 Then He *said to them, “My soul is deeply grieved, to the point of death; remain here and keep watch with Me.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

27 Matthew 26:39 39 And He went a little beyond them, and fell on His face and prayed, saying, “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; yet not as I will, but as Thou wilt.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

28 Matthew 26: And He *came to the disciples and *found them sleeping, and *said to Peter, “So, you men could not keep watch with Me for one hour? 41 “Keep watching and praying, that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.” 42 He went away again a second time and prayed, saying, “My Father, if this cannot pass away unless I drink it, Thy will be done.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

29 Matthew 26: And again He came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. 44 And He left them again, and went away and prayed a third time, saying the same thing once more. 45 Then He *came to the disciples, and *said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Behold, the hour is at hand and the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

30 Matthew 26: “Arise, let us be going; behold, the one who betrays Me is at hand!” 47 And while He was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came up, accompanied by a great multitude with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and elders of the people. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

31 Matthew 26: Now he who was betraying Him gave them a sign, saying, “Whomever I shall kiss, He is the one; seize Him.” 49 And immediately he went to Jesus and said, “Hail, Rabbi!” and kissed Him. 50 And Jesus said to him, “Friend, do what you have come for.” Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and seized Him. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

32 Matthew 26: And behold, one of those who were with Jesus reached and drew out his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest, and cut off his ear. 52 Then Jesus *said to him, “Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword. 53 “Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels? 54 “How then shall the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must happen this way?” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

33 Matthew 26: At that time Jesus said to the multitudes, “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest Me as against a robber? Every day I used to sit in the temple teaching and you did not seize Me. 56 “But all this has taken place that the Scriptures of the prophets may be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples left Him and fled. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

34 Antonia Sheep Pool Temple Mount Lower City Upper City Herod’s Palace Royal Palace Siloam Pool Tower Pool Phasael Tower Mariamne Tower Hippicus Tower Serpents’ Pool First Wall Second Wall Third Wall Theater Hippodrome Golden Gate Gethsemane Mount of Olives Tyropoean Valley Hinnom Valley City of David Kidron Valley Gihon Spring Pinnacle of the Temple House of Caiaphas Royal Portico Solomon’s Porch Council House Herod Family Tombs = Built by Herod the Great Map of Jerusalem - Bill Brewer Apri 2010

35 Matthew 26:57 57 And those who had seized Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas, the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

36 Matthew 26:58 58 But Peter also was following Him at a distance as far as the courtyard of the high priest, and entered in, and sat down with the officers to see the outcome. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

37 Matthew 26: Now the chief priests and the whole Council kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus, in order that they might put Him to death; 60 and they did not find any, even though many false witnesses came forward. But later on two came forward, 61 and said, “This man stated, ‘I am able to destroy the temple of God and to rebuild it in three days.’” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

38 Some Irregularities of Jesus’ Trial Held at night Eve of a holy day Minimal attendance of members of the council Unusual location Improper conditions pertaining to a capital case No witnesses for the accused - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

39 62 And the high priest stood up and said to Him, “Do You make no answer? What is it that these men are testifying against You?” 63 But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest said to Him, “I adjure You by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the Christ, the Son of God.” 64 Jesus *said to him, “You have said it yourself; nevertheless I tell you, hereafter you shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.” Matthew 26: Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

40 Matthew 26: Then the high priest tore his robes, saying, “He has blasphemed! What further need do we have of witnesses? Behold, you have now heard the blasphemy; 66 what do you think?” They answered and said, “He is deserving of death!” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

41 Matthew 26: Then they spat in His face and beat Him with their fists; and others slapped Him, 68 and said, “Prophesy to us, You Christ; who is the one who hit You?” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

42 Matthew 26: Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, and a certain servant-girl came to him and said, “You too were with Jesus the Galilean.” 70 But he denied it before them all, saying, “I do not know what you are talking about.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

43 Matthew 26: And when he had gone out to the gateway, another servant-girl saw him and *said to those who were there, “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.” 72 And again he denied it with an oath, “I do not know the man.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

44 Matthew 26: And a little later the bystanders came up and said to Peter, “Surely you too are one of them; for the way you talk gives you away.” 74 Then he began to curse and swear, “I do not know the man!” And immediately a cock crowed. 75 And Peter remembered the word which Jesus had said, “Before a cock crows, you will deny Me three times.” And he went out and wept bitterly. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

45 Matthew 27:1 27:1 Now when morning had come, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put Him to death; - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

46 Matthew 27:2 2 and they bound Him, and led Him away, and delivered Him up to Pilate the governor. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

47 Matthew 27:3-4 3 Then when Judas, who had betrayed Him, saw that He had been condemned, he felt remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, 4 saying, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.” But they said, “What is that to us? See to that yourself!” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

48 Matthew 27:5 5 And he threw the pieces of silver into the sanctuary and departed; and he went away and hanged himself. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

49 Matthew 27:6-8 6 And the chief priests took the pieces of silver and said, “It is not lawful to put them into the temple treasury, since it is the price of blood.” 7 And they counseled together and with the money bought the Potter’s Field as a burial place for strangers. 8 For this reason that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day. - Bill Brewer 49 Compare vv7-8 with the different explanation in Acts 1: Apri 2010 James Tissot

50 Matthew 27: Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying, “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of the one whose price had been set by the sons of Israel; 10 and they gave them for the Potter’s Field, as the Lord directed me.” - Bill Brewer 50 Matthew credits Jeremiah, but the most obvious reference is Zechariah. Many explanations are offered 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

51 Slide Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say.” 12 And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He made no answer. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

52 Slide Then Pilate *said to Him, “Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?” 14 And He did not answer him with regard to even a single charge, so that the governor was quite amazed. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

53 Matthew 27: Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the multitude any one prisoner whom they wanted. 16 And they were holding at that time a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas. 17 When therefore they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, “Whom do you want me to release for you? Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?” 18 For he knew that because of envy they had delivered Him up. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

54 Matthew 27: Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

55 Matthew 27:19 19 And while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous Man; for last night I suffered greatly in a dream because of Him.” - Bill Brewer 55 Note that dreams are important in Matthew 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

56 Matthew 27: But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas, and to put Jesus to death. 21 But the governor answered and said to them, “Which of the two do you want me to release for you?” And they said, “Barabbas.” - Bill Brewer 56 “Barabbas” means “son of the father” Note the irony in that Jesus was also “Son of the Father” Add to this the fairly strong tradition that Barabbas full name was Jesus Barabbas The irony is amplified in that Barabbas was an obvious threat to the Jewish leaders, while Jesus was not 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

57 Matthew 27: Pilate *said to them, “Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ?” They all *said, “Let Him be crucified!” 23 And he said, “Why, what evil has He done?” But they kept shouting all the more, saying, “Let Him be crucified!” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 Antonio Ciseri

58 Matthew 27: And when Pilate saw that he was accomplishing nothing, but rather that a riot was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the multitude, saying, “I am innocent of this Man’s blood; see to that yourselves.” 25 And all the people answered and said, “His blood be on us and on our children!” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

59 Matthew 27:26 26 Then he released Barabbas for them; but after having Jesus scourged, he delivered Him to be crucified. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

60 Matthew 27: Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole Roman cohort around Him. 28 And they stripped Him, and put a scarlet robe on Him. 29 And after weaving a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand; and they kneeled down before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 30 And they spat on Him, and took the reed and began to beat Him on the head. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

61 Matthew 27:31 31 And after they had mocked Him, they took His robe off and put His garments on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

62 Matthew 27:32 32 And as they were coming out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon, whom they pressed into service to bear His cross. - Bill Brewer 62 Note that Gnostics use this development to argue that Jesus did not die on the cross, but instead, switched places with Simon 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

63 Matthew 27:33 33 And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull, - Bill Brewer 63 Note that “Calvary” traces back to the Latin word for “skull” 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

64 Matthew 27:34 34 they gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

65 Matthew 27:35a 35 And when they had crucified Him... - Bill Brewer 65 Crucifixions were done near roads for maximum effect 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

66 Matthew 27:35b they divided up His garments among themselves, casting lots; - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

67 Matthew 27: and sitting down, they began to keep watch over Him there. 37 And they put up above His head the charge against Him which read, “THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 38 At that time two robbers *were crucified with Him, one on the right and one on the left. 39 And those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads, 40 and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

68 Matthew 27: In the same way the chief priests also, along with the scribes and elders, were mocking Him, and saying, 42 “He saved others; He cannot save Himself. He is the King of Israel; let Him now come down from the cross, and we shall believe in Him. 43 “He trusts in God; let Him deliver Him now, if He takes pleasure in Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’” 44 And the robbers also who had been crucified with Him were casting the same insult at Him. 45 Now from the sixth hour darkness fell upon all the land until the ninth hour. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

69 Matthew 27: And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” 47 And some of those who were standing there, when they heard it, began saying, “This man is calling for Elijah.” 48 And immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink. 49 But the rest of them said, “Let us see whether Elijah will come to save Him.” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

70 Matthew 27: And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. 51 And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom, and the earth shook; and the rocks were split, - Bill Brewer 70 William Bell Scott 12 Apri 2010

71 Matthew 27: and the tombs were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; 53 and coming out of the tombs [.(?)] [A]after His [their?] resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

72 Matthew 27:52-53 In terms of modern sensibilities, vv52-53 are somewhat startling Difficulties are lessened if they are understood as making sense of an objective historical experience rather than a lapse into sensationalism - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

73 Ezekiel’s Valley of Dry Bones Eze 37:1 The hand of the LORD was upon me, and He... by the Spirit... set me down in the middle of the valley; and it was full of bones He said to me, “Prophesy over these bones and say to them, ‘O dry bones, hear the word of the LORD.’ Then He said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; behold, they say, ‘Our bones are dried up and our hope has perished. We are completely cut off.’ 12 “Therefore prophesy...to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I will open your graves and cause you to come up out of your graves, My people; and I will bring you into the land of Israel. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010

74 Matthew 27:54 54 Now the centurion, and those who were with him keeping guard over Jesus, when they saw the earthquake and the things that were happening, became very frightened and said, “Truly this was the Son of God!” - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

75 Matthew 27: And many women were there looking on from a distance, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to Him, 56 among whom was Mary Magdalene, along with Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

76 Matthew 27: And when it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who himself had also become a disciple of Jesus. 58 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given over to him. 59 And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

77 Matthew 27:60 60 and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock; and he rolled a large stone against the entrance of the tomb and went away. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

78 Matthew 27:61 61 And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the grave. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

79 Matthew 27: Now on the next day, which is the one after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, “Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, ‘After three days I am to rise again.’ 64 “Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, lest the disciples come and steal Him away and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead,’ and the last deception will be worse than the first.” - Bill Brewer 79 V64: Matthew provides an apologetic against unbelieving Jews 12 Apri 2010 James Tissot

80 Matthew 27: Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how.” 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone. - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 James Tissot

81 Lesson 13 Wrap Up 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Death of Christ 2.In what ways does the Lord’s Supper connect to other religious banquets? 3.Give two reasons why the crowds preferred the release of Barabbas over Jesus. 4.What “apology” does Matthew make in chapter 27? - Bill Brewer Apri 2010

82 Schedule - Bill Brewer Apri 2010 DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon20-22, Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

83 Lesson 14 Questions 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Resurrection of Christ The five baptisms in Matthew 2.Compare and contrast the Great Commission of chapter 28 with the Limited Commission of chapter What “apology” does Matthew make in chapter 28? - Bill Brewer Apri 2010


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