Presentation on theme: "REMEDIAL ENGLISH TOPIC-ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL LANGUAGE."— Presentation transcript:
REMEDIAL ENGLISH TOPIC-ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL LANGUAGE
INTRODUCTION English is spoken in most parts of the world, for instance in Great Britain, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and in many more countries. Moreover in African states English serves as main form of communication. English is, after the Chinese one, the language most people speak and it is the most popular second language and foreign language pupils learn in school.
A language achieve a genuinely global status when it develops a special role that is recognized in every country. Such a role will be most evident where a large number of people speak the language as a mother tongue (the USA, Canada, Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, several Caribbean countries, etc. 3 we hear it on TV, spoken by politicians from all over the world. we see English movies and advertisements.
Communication is a very vital part of progress in every field. This can be achieved only when there exist a ‘lingua franca’ (common language). Sometimes, when communities begin to trade with each other, they communicate by adopting a simpliﬁed language, known as a pidgin, which combines elements of their different languages. WHY DO WE NEED A GLOBAL LANGUAGE?
The need for a global language is particularly appreciated by the international academic and business communities. A conversation over the Internet is at present practicable only if a common language is available.
We speak English but do we know where it comes from? The history of English begins a little after A.D. 600. The ancestors of the language were wandering in the forests of northern Europe. Their language was a part of Germanic branch of Indo-European Family. English came to England in the 5th century and began to spread around the British Isles. It entered parts of Wales, Cornwall, Cumbria, and southern Scotland, traditionally the strongholds of the Celtic language.
After the Norman invasion of 1066, many nobles from England fled north to Scotland, where they were made welcome, and eventually the language spread throughout the Scottish lowlands. Three hundred years later, the progress of English towards its status as a global language took place. In India, Thomas Macaulay (1835) proposed the introduction of an English educational system.
THREE PHASES OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1. OLD ENGLISH -When England was established there were several kingdoms. It was this period that the best of the Old English literature was written. 2. MIDDLE ENGLISH -Between 1100-1200 many important changes took place in the structure of English and Old English became Middle English.The sound system & grammar wasn’t so effected but vocabulary was effected much.
3. EARLY MODERN ENGLISH - Between 1400-1600 English underwent some changes. One change was the elimination of a vowel sound in certain unstressed positions at the end of the words. The period of Early Modern English was also a period of English Renaissance, which means the development of the people.
DANGERS OF GLOBAL LANGUAGE The beneﬁts which would ﬂow from the existence of a global language are considerable but several commentators have pointed to possible risks. Linguistic power- People who speak it as mother tongue could be in a privileged position. Linguistic Complacency-It could eliminate the motivation for adults to learn other languages.
Linguistic Death-It could contribute to the disappearance of minority languages and cultures. Studies showed that at least 50 % of the world’s 6,000 or so living languages will die out within the next century. This is indeed an intellectual and social tragedy.
COULD ANYTHING STOP A GLOBAL LANGUAGE? Could anything stop a language, once it achieves a global status? The short answer must be ‘yes’. If language dominance is a matter of political and especially economic inﬂuence, then a revolution in the balance of global power could have consequences for the choice of global language. English is now so widely established that it can no longer be thought of as ‘owned’ by any single nation. A rather more plausible scenario is that an alternative method of communication could emerge which would eliminate the need for a global language.
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS In order to establish the language a dictionary was developed. The first English Dictionary was published in 1603. Another product of the 18th century was the invention of English Grammar. The period where English developed most in the Modern English. In that period the people speaking that language increased too much. Now, English is the greatest language of the world spoken natively and as a second language.
CONLUSION Languages of identity need to be maintained. Access to the emerging global language – widely perceived as a language of opportunity and empowerment needs to be guaranteed. Governments must implement resouces for language planings.