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NEAREAST a breeding ground for terrorism for terrorism.

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Presentation on theme: "NEAREAST a breeding ground for terrorism for terrorism."— Presentation transcript:

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2 NEAREAST a breeding ground for terrorism for terrorism

3 Outline what is terrorism –types > efficiency > reason Near East: a breeding ground for terrorism –background situation between Palestine and Israel –poverty > deficiency of democracy –Intifada I + II > role of religion –perceptions and feelings what to do against terrorism

4 What is terrorism What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism terrorism (1/4) there is no global definition of terrorism a “terrorist” for one could be a “freedom-fighter” for another spread of fear and destruction to achieve political or ideological goals

5 What is terrorism What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism types of terrorism (2/4) confused individuals revolutionary groups (e.g. RAF) ethnic minorities (e.g. PKK) religious extremists (e.g. Al-Qaida)

6 What is terrorism What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism efficiency of terrorism (3/4) they want political effect destroy infrastructure kill people rely on media

7 What is terrorism What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism reason of terrorism (4/4) poverty –societies divided into poor and rich –suffering can turn into violence –it must not, but it can

8 What is terrorism What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism reason of terrorism (4/4) deficiency of democracy –basic rights are not provided –use of harsh violence –democracy tries to solve, dictatorship tries to suppress problems

9 What is terrorism What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism reason of terrorism (4/4) mobilisation –organiser: upper-class –performer: middle-class –use of conflicts as enhancer* –identification with certain groups > *enhancer - Verstärker

10 What is terrorism Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism reason of terrorism (4/4) role of religion –non-secular*, invokes* God –cohesion + discrimination –against assimilation > *secular- weltlich | *to invoke sth - sich berufen auf

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13 Near East What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism background 1920: Palestine became mandated territory of GB after WWI 1922: GB assured to create a Jewish country in Palestine 1947: UN decided to create Palestine and Israel Arabic states did not accept Israel

14 Near East What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

15 Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism Poverty (1/7) 70 % of Palestinian live in poverty families need international help 1 of 5 children is undernourished* military attacks, destroyed infrastructure, frozen tax- money reduction of European help after 2006 > *undernourished - unterernährt

16 Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism countryGermanyIsraelPalestine GDP- gross domestic product billion 85.7 billion3.8 billion GDP - Per head Inflation1.5 %11.3 %11 % UN ranking of living standards 19 of of of times more investment in West-Jerusalem than in East-Jerusalem (occupied since 1967)

17 Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

18 deficiency of democracy (2/7) no real regime in Palestine PLO was founded in : first election of parliament and president 2006: extremist Hamas party was elected

19 Intifada I + II (3/7) Arabic word : “stand up” first Intifada was in year 1987 second Intifada was in year 2000 over 1500 Palestinian and 525 Israeli died Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

20 Israeli settlements in West Bank (4/7) after 1967 : forced settlements in West Bank settlements violate international law (Geneva Convention, Article 49/2) Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

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22 Palestinian refugees (5/7) 1948: refugees fled out of Israel 1967: refugees fled out of West Bank fled to other Arabic countries Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

23 role of religion (6/7) also a conflict about Jerusalem: Wailing Wall, Holy Sepulchre*, Al-Aqsa Mosque Jerusalem should be a neutral enclave after UN >*Holy Sepulchre - Grabeskirche Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

24 Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Wailing Wall

25 Palestinian perception (7/7) Arabs denied state Israel already in % think violence must go on 46 % consider a new Palestine including Gaza and West bank 46 % consider a new Palestine including Israel Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

26 Israeli perception (7/7) Israel = promised land settle down and establish a new community Arabic states and suicide attacks cause a threat Palestine and Israel What is terrorism Near East Palestine and Israel what to do against terrorism

27 a solution is due* now ! > *due - fällig

28 what to do against terrorism What´s terrorism Near East Palestine & Israel what to do against terrorism fight against terrorism uniform definition of terrorism need of international policy improve social development need to spread democracy

29 further information DVD: PARADISE NOW Two Palestinian man are sent to Israel to execute a suicide attack, but then something happens which no one ever considered…

30 thanks pictures by Steve Bent, a photograph of the Sunday Times of London. Currently he is in Iraq. He allowed me to use his pictures for a non-commercial purpose in my presentation today. Herewith, I want to thank him for this. > * - special thanks to Felix T. and Lisa T. for their support -

31 sources Terrorism Terrorismus – Kai Hirschmann, eva | Sabine Groeneworld Verlag Die sinnlose Gewalt – Caleb Carr, Heyne Velag Near East “Information zur politischen Bildung”

32 thank you for your attention


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