15Charles Guiteau assassinates Garfield, 1881 Washington, DC train station.
161883: Congress passes the Pendleton Civil Service Act 1883: Congress passes the Pendleton Civil Service Act. * Civil Service Commission Created. * Exams for government jobs (based on merit, not patronage).
17Political Reform at the State and National level:
18The Will of the People... Primaries (to pick Candidates) Initiative (voters propose laws)Referendum (people to vote a bill into law)Recall (voters can remove elected officials from office)
22GRAFT: form of political corruption defined as an unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for personal gain.ExamplesExchange a political donation for political favor.Skim money directly from government fundsCommit acts like insider trading
23GRAFT: form of political corruption defined as an unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for personal gain.Examples4. Politician buying land that he/she knows will soon be needed for government development.5. Bribery by another for personal gain (often difficult to prove).
24William “Boss” TweedLeader of the Tammany Hall “Tweed Ring.” Controlled politics and cheated New York City out of millions.1860s & 1870’s
25Thomas Nast:First real political cartoonist in US. Credited with getting Boss Tweed & cronies; the elephant and donkey as political symbols.
26Thomas Nast:Also is credited for the familiar image we know as Santa Clause in the red suit (from the poem “T’was the Night Before Christmas”).
27“The Brains” that achieved the Tammany Victory at the Rochester Democratic Convention.
28A Thomas Nast cartoon lampoons New York City political boss William Marcy Tweed and his cronies as vultures.