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Baptist History Lesson 19 Baptist Beginnings in America, Pt. 2 “but he who endures to the end will be saved”

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Presentation on theme: "Baptist History Lesson 19 Baptist Beginnings in America, Pt. 2 “but he who endures to the end will be saved”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Baptist History Lesson 19 Baptist Beginnings in America, Pt. 2 “but he who endures to the end will be saved”

2 I. Baptist are Orthodox II. Baptist are Evangelical III. Baptist are confessional and catechetical IV. Baptist are Separate “Baptist have a ‘theologically integrated ecclesiology’ vs. our paedobaptist friends who have an inconsistent ecclesiology” Dr. Nettles BAPTIST IDENTITY BAPTIST DISTINCTIVES Visible saints/Believers church Baptism of believers only by immersion Discipline in the local congregation Absence of interference or special favors from magistrates “Baptists have traditionally argued for religious liberty for all people by advocating a free church in a free state” Nathan Finn

3 ROGER WILLIAMS Chronology Born 1603-1606 Education: Pembroke College, Cambridge B.A. 1627 1625: period of religious turmoil 1631 arrived in Boston w/ wife, Mary “Bishop Laud pursued me out of this land and my conscience was persuaded against the national church and ceremonies and bishops” 1631-1635 Boston/Salem/Plymouth/Salem again 1636 Providence Plantation 1639 Established Baptist Church; left 3 months later! 1645 The Bloody Tenant of Persecution for Cause of Conscience

4 William’s method of argument Biblical Interpretation Exposition of Scripture Correct Hermeneutic: the New Covenant would look different from the Old Covenant, which was told us in the scriptures, Jer. 31:31-33 Historical Record Theological Integrity The doctrine of persecution for cause of conscience, is proved guilty of all the blood of the souls crying for vengeance under the altar.... All civil states, with their officers of justice, in their respective constitutions and administrations, are proved essentially civil, and therefore not judges, governors, or defenders of the spiritual, or Christian, state and worship.... It is the will and command of God that, since the coming of his Son the Lord Jesus, a permission of the most Paganish, Jewish, Turkish, or anti-christian consciences and worships be granted to all men in all nations and countries: and they are only to be fought against with that sword which is only, in soul matters, able to conquer: to wit, the sword of God’s Spirit, the word of God. “Had he not been captured by unnecessary views of apostolic succession, his ministry would likely have remained within the context of the Baptist Churches” Tom Nettles, Baptist and the Bible, pg. 59 Rev. Dr. John ClarkThe Father of American Baptists

5 John Clark (1609-1676) Born Suffolk; educated in either Oxford or Cambridge Received medical training in Leyden, Holland 1637: removed to Boston with wife, sister and two brothers Anne Hutchinson “I thought it not strange to see men differ about matter of heaven, for I expect no less upon earth. But to see that they were not able so to bear with each other in their different understandings and consciences, as in those utmost parts of the world to live peaceably together” was troubling. Had they not all “fled from the persecuting hands of the lordly bishops?”

6 1638: Clark and family go with Hutchinson group; settle in Portsmouth, RI 1639/41: Roger Williams assists Clark in purchasing land, found Newport, RI 1641-1644: Baptist Church is established in Newport Fully identified with English Particular Baptists 1651 accompanies Williams to England to obtain new charter Publishes Ill Newes from New England While Old England is becoming new, New England is becoming Old “the most notorious case of persecution against Baptist in New England” Contained the account of Clark’s pastoral visit to Lynn, MA

7 William Witter John Clark John Crandall Obadiah Holmes Effects of the persecution: Limited growth of dissenters Gave courage to others to examine Scripture Dr. Henry Dunster, first President of Harvard College 1655/1665 Congregation gathered in Boston; Thomas Gould selected pastor

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