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U.S. History Chapter 6
In May of 1775, few delegates to the Continental Congress wanted to formally break ties with Britain.
After the battles of Lexington and Concord, the Second Continental Congress sent a petition to George III, King of England. Petition known as the “Olive Branch Petition”
Second Continental Congress formed the army and appointed George Washington as commander Army advantage over British troops was the military strategy based on local geography
1 st major battle of Revolution British general Howe abandoned Boston because American cannons threatened the harbor American naval blockade helped gain control of Boston
When Richard Henry Lee said that he was now “convinced of the necessity of separation,” he was influenced by Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
Colonists made their final decision regarding their relationship with Britain when Congress voted to approve the Declaration of Independence.
Three main ideas in the Declaration of Independence are: Natural Rights British Wrongs Independence
Everyone has a right to life and liberty: restates a main idea of the Declaration of Independence
British General Howe led his forces to New York to face Washington’s army. More than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured. Washington fled to avoid capture.
Battle began with Washington crossing the Delaware River.
British General Burgoyne surrendered in New York. Battle was turning point in the war.
Makeshift camp where American soldiers endured a long, cold winter. Lack of government resources added to the terrible conditions
Necessities collected by women helped ease the harsh conditions.
British offered freedom to slaves who would serve the king. Washington began to allow free African Americans to join the Continental Army.
British navy was the most powerful in the world. However, Captain John Paul Jones won an important victory for America when he captured the British warship Serapis.
British Commander- In-Chief Clinton knew many Loyalists lived in the southern backcountry. He hoped these Loyalists would join the British in fighting in the South.
Ability of the Patriot generals was the primary cause of the failure of Britain’s southern strategy. Governor of Spanish Louisiana helped Patriot cause by seizing British forts.
American General Morgan used unconventional tactics to win this battle. He ordered his front line to retreat. British troops chased them directly into the fire of Morgan’s second rank.
Final conflict of the American Revolution British army was trapped by a fleet of French warships.
British General Cornwallis disregarded an order and retreated to Yorktown Peninsula, trapping his troops.
Mutual agreement with Parliament finalized American independence from Britain
Treaty recognized U.S. as independent nation, extending from Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River.
Florida was returned to Spain.
Patriot: Favored war with the British Loyalist: Favored peaceful solutions to the conflict with the British
Moving Toward Independence
The Americans fought the British in the American Revolution and defeated them.
Much of America’s sea power was made of ___, ships licensed to seize enemy ships.
Objectives Find out how the Americans won the final battle of the Revolution. Learn the terms of the peace treaty with England. Explore the reasons that.
SPONGE 3.At which battle did General Morgan used clever tactics to defeat the British? (p.192) 4.What played the most important role in the American victory.
The Revolution Begins A. In the summer and fall of 1774, the British officials lost control of the colonies as the colonists created provincial congresses.
Chapter 4 Study Guide.
The American Revolution Unit 2, Lesson 3. Essential Idea Though victory was unlikely, America won the Revolutionary War with key victories at the Battles.
War Breaks Out The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired in 1775 at Lexington and Concord. George Washington was named commander-in-chief.
C ALL TO F REEDOM HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Beginnings to The AMERICAN REVOLUTION Section 1: The Revolution Begins Section 2: Declaring Independence.
The Fight For Independence. Continental Army- Colonial Army set up by the Second Continental Congress Patriot- Person siding with the colonies Loyalist-
Colonists: Stopped trade with Britain Began to train for war King George III: Planned to send more soldiers to the Boston Declared that the colonists.
ABIGAIL ADAMS Wife of John Adams Reminder her husband to “Remember the Ladies” when making new laws because women don’t want to follow laws they have no.
American Revolutionary War Unit 5. First Continental Congress O In 1774 delegates met in Philadelphia to decide what to do about the situation.
The American Revolution The Fight for Independence.
Revolutionary Era U.S. History. Proclamation of 1763 After the French and Indian War, the British issued the Proclamation to protect Native American lands.
AMERICAN REVOLUTION. SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS MAY 10, 1775 HOPING TO AVOID WAR WITH BRITAIN, DELEGATES SENT THE “OLIVE BRANCH PETITION” DECLARING THEIR.
After Lexington and Concord in 1775, militia from the colonies began gathering near Boston The troops eventually reached 20,000 On May 10, 1775, American.
American Revolution 7.1 The Revolution Begins. The First Continental Congress A meeting to discuss the problems with England A meeting to discuss the.
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