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U.S. History Chapter 6
In May of 1775, few delegates to the Continental Congress wanted to formally break ties with Britain.
After the battles of Lexington and Concord, the Second Continental Congress sent a petition to George III, King of England. Petition known as the “Olive Branch Petition”
Second Continental Congress formed the army and appointed George Washington as commander Army advantage over British troops was the military strategy based on local geography
1 st major battle of Revolution British general Howe abandoned Boston because American cannons threatened the harbor American naval blockade helped gain control of Boston
When Richard Henry Lee said that he was now “convinced of the necessity of separation,” he was influenced by Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
Colonists made their final decision regarding their relationship with Britain when Congress voted to approve the Declaration of Independence.
Three main ideas in the Declaration of Independence are: Natural Rights British Wrongs Independence
Everyone has a right to life and liberty: restates a main idea of the Declaration of Independence
British General Howe led his forces to New York to face Washington’s army. More than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured. Washington fled to avoid capture.
Battle began with Washington crossing the Delaware River.
British General Burgoyne surrendered in New York. Battle was turning point in the war.
Makeshift camp where American soldiers endured a long, cold winter. Lack of government resources added to the terrible conditions
Necessities collected by women helped ease the harsh conditions.
British offered freedom to slaves who would serve the king. Washington began to allow free African Americans to join the Continental Army.
British navy was the most powerful in the world. However, Captain John Paul Jones won an important victory for America when he captured the British warship Serapis.
British Commander- In-Chief Clinton knew many Loyalists lived in the southern backcountry. He hoped these Loyalists would join the British in fighting in the South.
Ability of the Patriot generals was the primary cause of the failure of Britain’s southern strategy. Governor of Spanish Louisiana helped Patriot cause by seizing British forts.
American General Morgan used unconventional tactics to win this battle. He ordered his front line to retreat. British troops chased them directly into the fire of Morgan’s second rank.
Final conflict of the American Revolution British army was trapped by a fleet of French warships.
British General Cornwallis disregarded an order and retreated to Yorktown Peninsula, trapping his troops.
Mutual agreement with Parliament finalized American independence from Britain
Treaty recognized U.S. as independent nation, extending from Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River.
Florida was returned to Spain.
Patriot: Favored war with the British Loyalist: Favored peaceful solutions to the conflict with the British
U.S. History Chapter 6. What was the 1 st major battle of the Revolutionary War? A. Saratoga B. Trenton C. Bunker Hill D. Yorktown.
American Revolution TermsPlacesPatriotsLoyalistsWAR!!
Chapter 6 Pre-Test. A _____ was an individual who favored war with Britain.
The American Revolution. Americans Divided Not all colonists supported the idea of independence. Not all colonists supported the idea of independence.
The American Revolution. First Continental Congress Met during September and October of Thomas Jefferson was selected to write the Declaration of.
C ALL TO F REEDOM HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Beginnings to The AMERICAN REVOLUTION Section 1: The Revolution Begins Section 2: Declaring Independence.
Lexington & Concord –British soldiers march into Massachusetts to arrest Patriot leaders and seize weapons –Colonist Militia meet them in battle –First.
Chapter 9 Winning the Revolution. Second Continental Congress Decisions made by the continental congress – Electing an army commander-George Washington.
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The Course of the War. Road to Revolution After the 1 st Continental Congress met in response to the Intolerable Acts, Minutemen.
Chapter 9: Winning the Revolution
AMERICAN REVOLUTION. SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS MAY 10, 1775 HOPING TO AVOID WAR WITH BRITAIN, DELEGATES SENT THE “OLIVE BRANCH PETITION” DECLARING THEIR.
Eliseo Lugo III. Describe key strengths and weakness of each side at the onset of the American Revolution. Utilize key vocabulary terms in explaining.
American Revolution Unit Test Prep **remember – this is just a guide! You should still review your notes and assignments!
Causes of the War 1.French and Indian War – left Britain with war debt 2.TAXES! (House of Burgesses declares that only they can tax Virginians…Britain.
Mr. Gilmore Cordova High School I.B. History of the Americans.
The American Revolutionary War Unit 4. Key Ideas.
Much of America’s sea power was made of ___, ships licensed to seize enemy ships.
Revolutionary War. American Strategy To Win the War for Independence Americans disadvantages: – No navy, – No professional army, – Few supplies – Very.
The Fight For Independence. Continental Army- Colonial Army set up by the Second Continental Congress Patriot- Person siding with the colonies Loyalist-
The Revolutionary War. ► In 1774, the First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. North Carolina sent three representatives.
Patriots were colonists who favored war against Britain. They believed British rule was hard and unjust. 1/3 of the colonists were Patriots.
Materials 1)Get a notes page from the table Homework Notebook Quiz (tomorrow) Last day for States Test & makeup work Objective: Explain how the Continental.
American Revolutionary War Unit 5. First Continental Congress O In 1774 delegates met in Philadelphia to decide what to do about the situation.
Revolutionary Era U.S. History. Proclamation of 1763 After the French and Indian War, the British issued the Proclamation to protect Native American lands.
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. End of the Revolutionary War.
American Revolution: Selected Major Battles. Used guerilla tactics: [fight an insurgent war you don’t have to win a battle, just wear the British down]
The Break up The causes and events of the American Revolution.
The Americans fought the British in the American Revolution and defeated them.
Chapter 7.1 – 7.3: The American Revolution EQ:What were the strategies of both sides and how did they lead to the outcome of the Revolutionary War?
The Early Years of the War Chapter 7, Section 1. Americans Divided Historians argue that: ▫20-30%- of colonists were Loyalists. ▫40-45%- of colonists.
Unit 2 Vocabulary American Revolution. French and Indian War A war between France and England over land in North America (Ohio River Valley) Increases.
Chapter 5 Section 4 The War Begins Slide 1/12. The Second Continental Congress Colonists were divided –Some colonists did not favor independence from.
These two are going to fight to the death. Lexington and Concord Colonists had been preparing for war or at least armed conflict for some time. Special.
American Revolution 7.1 The Revolution Begins. The First Continental Congress A meeting to discuss the problems with England A meeting to discuss the.
People BattlesLaws Potpourri More People.
Topic 1Topic 2Topic 3Topic 4Topic
SPONGE 3.At which battle did General Morgan used clever tactics to defeat the British? (p.192) 4.What played the most important role in the American victory.
Fighting for Liberty on Many Fronts Ch. 6 Section 4 and 5.
Chapter 6 Section 4 Winning Independence Objectives Find out how the Americans won the final battle of the Revolution. Learn the terms of the peace treaty.
The American Revolution The Fight for Independence.
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THE EARLY YEARS A.Patriots – people who supported independence B.Loyalists – people who remained loyal to the British.
1) Colonists who favored war against Britain were called ___. 2) American colonists who remained loyal to Britain were known as ___. 3) The first major.
Revolutionary War Unit Key Terms and Events. Social Mobility The ability to move from one social class to another.
War Breaks Out The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired in 1775 at Lexington and Concord. George Washington was named commander-in-chief.
General Cornwallis British general and colonial governor, served with distinction in American Revolution, won battle of Brandywine, captured Philadelphia.
Battles of the Revolutionary War Lexington & Concord April 19, 1775 Captain John Parker (P) Thomas Gage & Major Pitcairn (B) British were after.
Fighting for Independence (Explore #1)Militia - A small army made up of ordinary citizens who are available to fight in an emergency. - A small army made.
The Revolution Begins A. In the summer and fall of 1774, the British officials lost control of the colonies as the colonists created provincial congresses.
Second Continental Congress The Second Continental Congress was a body of representatives appointed by the legislatures of several British North American.
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