Presentation on theme: "Harriet Tubman By: Melanie Tellez W. Stiern Middle School Ms. Marshall 2009-2010 HSS 8.7 & 8.9."— Presentation transcript:
Harriet Tubman By: Melanie Tellez W. Stiern Middle School Ms. Marshall 2009-2010 HSS 8.7 & 8.9
Birth Harriet Tubman was born around 1820, the slave owners didn’t keep track of their slaves birthdates. Born to Benjamin Ross and Harriet Greene, at Edward Brodas plantation. Her given name was Araminta Ross.
Childhood As a child, she was called “Minty.” When she was five, she was “loaned” to another plantation, checking muskrat traps in icy cold rivers. Then got too sick to work and sent back.
Life When she got older she became a field slave. Harriett Tubman was nearly killed from a blow in the head by an iron weight, meant to hit another slave. The injury left her headaches, seizures, and sleeping spells for the rest of her life. In 1844, she married a free black man named John Tubman, changing her name from Minty to Harriett to honor her mother.
Freedom!!!!! In March of 1849, her slave owner, Edward Brodess, died and left her family to be sold. In late fall of 1849, she found her liberty and tapped into an “underground railroad” that was started.
Underground Railroad Tubman traveled by night, following the North Star and instructions from white and black helpers and found her way to Philadelphia. She got work as a domestic, and saved money to help the rest of her family’s escape. From 1850-1860, Tubman conducted between 11 and 13 escape missions.
Underground Railroad (continued) Bringing away about seven individuals including her parents, brothers, and other family and friends. Also giving instructions to about fifty more that found their path to freedom on their own.
The Underground Railroad Route
The Fugitive Slave Act The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 empowered the right to hunt fugitive slaves in any state and be taken back to their owners. The act left many fugitive slaves vulnerable to be captured. So many fled to the safety and protection of Canada. (When you make it to Canada, you are officially “free”)