Presentation on theme: "Répand Comme Une Flamme Sauvage"— Presentation transcript:
1 Répand Comme Une Flamme Sauvage Soon after the Protestant Reformation began in Germany, it spread to France. (think geography)By 1560’s one in ten people in France were French Calvinist Protestants (also known as Huguenots)A large population of the Huguenots consisted of noble families and threatened the Catholic French monarchy.Translation:“spreading like wildfire””
2 Religion Matters! Absolutism and France Why did the streets of Paris run with blood?It was August 24, 1572, the Catholic feast of St. Bartholomew. Many Protestant nobles were in Paris for the wedding of Henry of Navarre, a Protestant nobleman, to Marguerite de Valois, a Catholic princess.The marriage was supposed to calm the hostilities between Catholics and Protestants that had been tearing France apart.
3 BUT….Just two days before, Catherine de’ Medici, the queen of France and the bride’s mother, had ordered the murder of a prominent Protestant leader.The attempt failed, but then Catherine had another idea: while so many Protestants were in the city, she ordered their massacre.Just before dawn on August 24, the killing began!!!!!
4 un roi, une loi, une foi One King, One Law, One Religion (faith) August 24th, 1572St. Bartholomew’s Day MassacreFrom Paris the violence spread to other parts of France. Estimates of the death toll range from 10,000 – 70,000.
5 What happened to the groom? Well, Henry of Navarre escaped death by denying his religion.Years later, he was in line to become king.He won acceptance by converting to Catholicism and was crowned Henry IV.
6 Spread the Love In 1593 Henry of Navarre became Henry IV He was able to gain acceptance from France by converting from Protestantism to Catholicism“Paris is well worth a Mass”Even though he was a newly affiliated Catholic, Henry didn’t forget his religious roots. Henry issued the Edict of Nantes.
7 Prince CharmingIn addition to encouraging religious tolerance, Henry IV also eliminated France’s debt and was able to build a surplus.He also drained swamps, built roads and canals and encouraged agriculture.
8 Thus Ends Henry IVHenry is assassinated by a Catholic
9 It’s A Bullet! It’s a Plane, No It’s Superman! In 1624 , Louis XIII appointed Cardinal Richelieu as his chief minister and most trusted adviser.Sought to destroy the Huguenots and the Nobility two groups that did not bow to royal authorityCreated Reason Of The State
10 Louis XIV Considered history’s best example of an absolute monarch “I am the state”, “L’etat c’est moi”Demanded to be in charge of the:MilitaryPolitical AffairsEconomic AffairsBeing in control of all of these areas deprived the nobility of influence
11 No more tolerance Louis XIV evokes the Edict of Nantes Over 200,000 French Protestants fled, loss of their skills and wealth.Similar to Spain’s expulsion of the Jews and MuslimsBattle of RockroyMost powerful army
12 Spanish SuccessionThe most COSTLY war, War of Spanish Succession, started when the King of Spain died without an heir1701, England, Netherlands, Holy Roman Empire went to war against France, to prevent the combining forces of France and Spain
13 1713 Treaty of UtrechtLouis accepts defeat, but his grandson got the Spanish throne anyway.Stated France and Spain could never be ruled by the same MonarchWar benefitted England at the expense of France and Spain