Presentation on theme: "6th Grade World History Mrs. Merritt"— Presentation transcript:
16th Grade World History Mrs. Merritt 2014-15 Mayan Civilization6th Grade World History Mrs. Merritt
2SettlementSettlement began in the lowlands of what is now Guatemala. This wooded area is called the Peten, or “flat region.”Mayas were settled in Central America.
3Location Mayan civilization was located in the Yucatan Peninsula The Maya developed their civilization in a region known as Mesoamerica.SINKHOLES AND SWAMPS – PROVIDED FRESHWATER
4FARMING CROPS: BEANS, SQUASH, AVOCADO, MAIZE (CORN) CLEARED TREES TO FARM THE LAND – “SLASH AND BURN”USED STONE WALLS TO MAKE FLAT TERRACES TO FARM ON THE HILLS
5SOCIAL STRUCTURE KING: HIGHEST POSITION/REALTED TO THE GODS Priests/Merchants/Noble Warriors: Upper, powerFarming Families: pay the rulers in crops, salt, clothSlaves/servants
6Most Maya belonged to the lower class. SOCIAL STRUCTURELower class Maya included farming families and slaves. They had the following responsibilities:Help construct temples and other buildingsThe men farmed, hunted, and crafted toolsHad to pay their rulers with crops, salt, and clothMost Maya belonged to the lower class.
7GovernmentCity-statesEach had it’s own government and king
8RELIGION Polytheistic (many Gods): Sun God, moon goddess, maize god Gave blood (piercing tongue/skin, human sacrifice) to please the gods and prevent disasterPriests led ceremonies on the tops of temples
9ACHIEVEMENTSObservatories: buildings used to study the sky and the starsCreated a number system with zero365-day calendar: agriculture260-day calendarWriting system: Sounds and objectsArchitecture: temples, pyramidsBark paper booksJade and gold jewelry
10Achievements Science Math Art and Architecture Built observatories Developed two calendarsCould measure timeCreated number systemMeasured timeAmong the first to use a symbol for “0”Base 20 number systemDeveloped writing systemCreated jade and gold craftsBuilt temple-pyramids
11MAYAN DECLINEIn 900, most of the Mayans had fled to the countryside. It was a gradual change that eventually led to the decline of the civilization.What led to the decline? Historians are not sure why the Maya civilization collapsed in the AD 900s. Some factors that may have caused it to disappear were:Rebelled against the kings in city-statesBeing forced to supply food and labor may have led the common people to rebel against Maya rulers.Increased warfareClimate changesCouldn’t produce enough food
12MAYAN DECLINE (CON’T) What happened? Wars between the city-states, left for safetyWhy did they flee?Food shortages (not enough to feed all)Weather/climate changes, droughts (no rain)