Presentation on theme: "+ French Revolution Day 3. + Review – see Instead of Board Notes Day 3 1. What is evidence of secularization from yesterday’s lesson? 2. What is evidence."— Presentation transcript:
+ Review – see Instead of Board Notes Day 3 1. What is evidence of secularization from yesterday’s lesson? 2. What is evidence of the bourgeoisie bias from yesterday’s lesson? 3. What are the parliamentary bodies you’ve read about so far? (3) 4. What are the political groups in French society? (3) 5. What are the different groups within French society? (9) 6. What were the reactions of other people and governments in Europe to the Revolution? Pro and con. 7. What problems are developing in French society after the start of the Revolution?
+ Attitude Towards the King Previous to his flight the king had been seen as the father of the people (a good king badly advised) In 1790 he had taken an oath to support the constitution and was popular with the people However, public opinion drastically changed after his “flight” Bio.true story, Louis XVI Biography, 1996-2013, http://www.biography.com/people/louis-xvi-9386943 (Oct. 16, 2013). http://www.biography.com/people/louis-xvi-9386943
+ Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette Mount Holyoke College, French Revolution II, “ The Two Are One in the Same,” 2009, https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist151/French%20Revolution%20II/album/slides/the%20two% 20are%20but%20one.html (Oct. 16, 2013). https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist151/French%20Revolution%20II/album/slides/the%20two% 20are%20but%20one.html The two are one in the same
+ What To Do With the King? The first trial determined that he was guilty of treason most were in agreement on this issue (693 to 28) The second trial was to determine his punishment this is where we see a division (Jacobins vs. Girondins) (387 supported execution, 334 imprisonment or exile) conservative moderate radical 1 2 3 5 6 7
+ Trial in National Convention, 1792 Mount Holyoke College, French Revolution II, https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist151/French%20Revolution%20II/album/slides/Louis%20first% 20appearance%20at%20trial.html (Oct. 16, 2013). https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist151/French%20Revolution%20II/album/slides/Louis%20first% 20appearance%20at%20trial.html Trial began in Dec. 1792, ended Jan. 1793.
+ PSD: “The King Must Die” In role: Jacobins (speaking for Sans Culottes) (7) Girondins (10) Constitutional Clergy (5) Former second estate who have not fled the country (3) This is Robespierre’s (the Jacobin leader) argument for executing Louis XVI In Role: Discuss the document and prepare a summary of why you support it or why you don’t.
+ Continuity and Change Turning Point Point after which the pace or direction of change CHANGES What are three turning points in the revolution so far? Progress and Decline Different for different groups of people Who are the main beneficiaries of the revolution, so far? Who is suffering because of the revolution, so far?
+ The Terror There is a legitimate fear of counter revolution and a climate of radicalism as France is losing the war and facing enemies. The new Jacobin government fears losing control It’s a crisis
+ The Terror: Did the Ends Justify the Means? Using pages 169-172 of the text complete the chart in your booklet
+ Homework Read 169-172 in the text. Take notes on Jacobin reforms and methods they used on the chart in your handouts (The Terror: Did the End Justify the Means?) Remember, quiz on Friday.