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CHAPTER 11: IMPERIALISM (OVERVIEW). IMPERIALISM Build a colonial empire Many nations looking for addtl lands in Asia, Africa, Latin Amer REASONS Spread.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 11: IMPERIALISM (OVERVIEW). IMPERIALISM Build a colonial empire Many nations looking for addtl lands in Asia, Africa, Latin Amer REASONS Spread."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 11: IMPERIALISM (OVERVIEW)

2 IMPERIALISM Build a colonial empire Many nations looking for addtl lands in Asia, Africa, Latin Amer REASONS Spread Chrisitianity Spread government (democracy) Military outpost/national security New areas to get raw materials from New markets to sell products

3 Pacific/Hawaii Started off with Sugar business, & led to US being the only ones that could trade with HI We demanded Pearl Harbor—they refused Secret organ. (Hawaii League) plotted to overthrow monarchy & get US to annex HI Bayonet Const: HI League forced monarchy to turn over Pearl Harbor & become a figurehead only People of HI HATE this Queen Liliuokalani: nationalistic, wanted HI to return to trad. ways US mad, took over govt buildings, battleships off the coast, etc HI would’ve been destroyed if war—so she gave up

4 Pacific/Hawaii Debate over HI becoming part of US Pres. Cleveland recognized new govt (Dole as Pres), but refused to annex into US McKinley annex 1898 US territory in 1900 50 th state in 1959

5 CHINA Japan attacked China in 1895 Euro nations made spheres of influence (region where a particular country excl rts over mines, RR, & trade) OPEN DOOR POLICY: John Hay of US presented this idea to ensure that US doesn’t lose trading rts with China Keep all ports open to ALL nations China collect tax $ Other nations never said yes/no US basically made policy for China

6 CHINA BOXER REBELLION: secret society that blamed foreigners for China’s probs attacked missionaries from foreign nations Troops sent in to stop attack, but 200 foreigner missionaries were killed Hay added to Open Door….respect China’s right to rule their own country China had to pay $333 mill to Euro nations for damages

7 JAPAN Worked out agreement w/ Japan to keep trading in the West open—gave gifts of telegraph & model train Increased industry & military Got into war w/ Russia over Chinese terr—asked US to help settle Roosevelt sent lg naval fleet to coast of Japan to show them that we are STILL the most powerful!

8 CUBA Marti: revolutionary writer/exiled to US, gained attn to issues US compared Cubans probs to ours w/ GB Yellow Journalism McKinley didn’t want to go to war Spain called us weak USS Maine exploded (thought Spain’s fault) Teller Amend: help Cuba get indep, then leave them alone US troops initially unprepared Theo. Roosevelt & Rough Riders won San Juan Hill & secured victory

9 PHILIPPINES Dewey in fight off coast, won easily Aguinaldo (Phil rev) worked with US to defeat Spanish US added fueling station, trade, expand democracy Too much power & Aguinaldo rebels vs US US govt didn’t want to annex bc so far away Helped set up a govt partially controlled by US govt/Phil people Gave them indep in 1946

10 Spanish-Amer War Results US got: Puerto Rico Guam Phil for $20mill Trading posts Refueling posts Military outposts Spread democracy Cuba got: Independence US asst if asked for

11 LATIN AMER Monroe Doctrine: US wouldn't interfere in already est. Euro. colonies in W. Hemi. but would consider any add'tl attempts to colonize an act of hostility Roosevelt Corollary: addition to M/D--US would police W. Hemi to keep Euro. from getting inv. in region D/R: mil. forces to prevent Euro nations from taking over Dominican terr.-- US even collected duties from D/R to ensure loans were being paid "Speak softly & carry a big stick." Roosevelt felt that we must say little, & use our mil. pwr to show that we were in chg

12 LATIN AMER Dollar Diplomacy: Taft (after Roosevelt) used $ in investments instead of mil. to protect L/A & Asia--US invested $1.6 billion in RR/mines/bananas/sugar Nicaragua: US helped them get Amer. loans in exchg for letting US troops in to protect investments if felt necessary Pres. Wilson's beliefs: Democracy would keep Euro out-- US squashed rebellions in L/A & helped to set up constitutional govt. (Kept Germany out of Caribbean) Haiti: Rev. in 1915--Wilson sent mil. to force them to accept treaty that gave US pwr to run govt; US stayed until 1934 & 1500 Haitians died resisting US

13 MEXICO Mexico Under Diaz Impose order: control/crush opponents Attracted foreign investors--felt Diaz would protect investments in RR, oil production, mining (US had ¾) Emiliano Zapata: Amer. Indian that led rebel military group that demanded land for Indian peasant population Inspired to fight back supposedly b/c his master’s horses had tiled stalls, while his family’s home had dirt floors Francisco Madero: wealthy land owner from northern Mexico, unlikely leader to oppose Diaz Forces defeated Diaz in several cities, mobs roamed streets in Mexico City in 1911 Diaz resigned, went into exile in Paris until his death in 1915 Won Presidency in first democratic election in 30 yrs Tried to set up democracy, US recognized Mexican govt The people that helped him overthrow Diaz soon turned on him, couldn’t control them

14 MEXICO Victoriano Huerta: Madero’s leading military commander Brought order back to Mexico City after the rebellion vs. Madero Imprisoned Madero (who was killed trying to escape) Still had opposition from several groups, but they weren’t united Venustiano Carranza Francisco “Pancho” Villa Veracruz Intercepted German ship taking arms to Huerta, took port of Veracruz Huerta’s troops had left (US didn’t know), bombarded city—300 Mexicans died ABC Powers (Argentina, Brazil, Chile): called for Huerta’s resignation & new govt Huerta refused, but opposition was pressuring him Eventually resigned & fled to Spain

15 MEXICO Pancho Villa’s Raid Carranza recognized as provisional president, didn’t make Villa happy 1916: attacked in New Mexico Without asking for Carranza’s permission, Wilson ordered trip into Mexico to get Villa dead or alive Gen. John J. Pershing & troops followed him through Mexico Mexicans began to resent US for being there Sept. 1916: 150,000 National Guardsmen stationed on Mexico/US border, as threat of war continued to grow January 1917: Withdrew Pershing & troops from Mexico to avoid all out war

16 MEXICO Carranza’s Constitution New constitution adopted on Feb. 5, 1917 with several new ideas Placed common interests above individual rights Protection for workers 8 hr workday End child labor Able to form unions/collective bargaining Declared national ownership of all mineral, oil, and water rights Affected US interests in Mexico (oil & mining)


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