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 Long History of ethnic tension ◦ Hutus (majority) ◦ Tutsis (minority)  Belgians arrive in early 1900s ◦ Began requiring ID cards ◦ Consider Tutsis.

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Presentation on theme: " Long History of ethnic tension ◦ Hutus (majority) ◦ Tutsis (minority)  Belgians arrive in early 1900s ◦ Began requiring ID cards ◦ Consider Tutsis."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Long History of ethnic tension ◦ Hutus (majority) ◦ Tutsis (minority)  Belgians arrive in early 1900s ◦ Began requiring ID cards ◦ Consider Tutsis superior

3  Resentment begins to grow ◦ 1959: 20,000 Tutsis murdered, more fled to neighboring countries  Rwanda gains independence in 1962 ◦ Hutus take control ◦ Tutsis become scapegoats

4  April 1994: Juvenal Habyarimana, ◦ President, Hutu, losing popularity  Killed after plane shot down ◦ Blamed on Tutsis ◦ Genocide begins

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9  Nomadic Arab (Janjaweed)  Non-Arab (SLM & JEM) ◦ Fighting over resources  Between 2,000,000- 4,000,000 killed ◦ Another 2.5 million displaced

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