Presentation on theme: "Canada Expands. The Metis The execution of Thomas Scott left the rest of the country feeling hostile towards Louis Riel. When Riel fled to the U.S., his."— Presentation transcript:
The Metis The execution of Thomas Scott left the rest of the country feeling hostile towards Louis Riel. When Riel fled to the U.S., his followers either moved westward or stayed in Red River. Those who stayed in Red River eventually lost their traditional ways of life. The bison hunts died out The Metis retained cultural traditions, but adopted the settled life of townspeople.
Three New Provinces... AND a Territory In 1867, there were only 4 provinces in Canada: Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick In the next 4 years, 3 more provinces and a territory would join the Confederation
1) Manitoba July 15 th, 1870: Canada passed the Manitoba Act, making Manitoba the 5 th province The province was just a small block, surrounding the Red River settlement. It was nicknamed the “Postage Stamp Province”. English and French were to be the language of government There were Protestant and Catholic schools paid for by the government French and English language education was not guaranteed, only religious education
Divisions in Manitoba in 1870
2) British Columbia Gold rushes were causing the population to explode within the colony. The question was: Join Canada or the United States? If B.C. joined the United States, it would be easy to build railway lines south into Washington State. A railway joining B.C. to the rest of Canada would take years to complete, but many felt a strong connection to the ‘British tradition’.
2) British Columbia (con’t) There were many debates over this issue, but in the end it was decided that B.C. would join Canada. Prime Minister John A. MacDonald was eager to join Canada ‘from sea to sea’. He promised that within 10 years, the federal government would build a railway from Ontario to the Pacific Ocean. Do you think he was able to keep his promise? In 1871, British Columbia became Canada’s 6 th province.
3) Prince Edward Island P.E.I. did not join Confederation in Trade increased quickly between the joined provinces, and when P.E.I. was cut-out of the profits, it began to face BIG debt problems. John A. MacDonald knew that the colony was struggling, and so he offered a deal: the federal government would take on P.E.I.’s debt, if it joined Canada. In 1873, P.E.I. became the 7 th province.
4) North-West Territories 1870: Britain transferred control of the North-Western Territory to Canada. It was governed by Ottawa, and it was not until 1876 that it was granted its own government to make decisions.