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Hmong Culture 101 Chee Lor.

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Presentation on theme: "Hmong Culture 101 Chee Lor."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hmong Culture 101 Chee Lor

2 Quick recap of history Today Settlement across the globe
Nomadic group, an ethnic group live in the hills and mountains south of China i.e provinces of Guizhou, Hunan, Yunan, Sichuan etc Fled China in 1700 from the Qing dynasty Today Settlement across the globe Largest concentration in: CA & MN other countries with close ties: Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China and France

3 Language We speak Hmong There are two major dialects: Green & White
Difference in verbal and written nam vs. niam sab vs. siab dlej vs. dej choj vs. pam

4 Religion Shamanism “ Traditionally a form of Animism or the belief in the spirit world and the interconnectedness of all living things. The shaman or txiv neeb (father of spirits) take on the role of connecting and communicating to spirits in the spirit realm when a person is sick, depressed or lost due to the imbalance of one or more souls. The human body is a host for many souls, an isolated or separated soul may even lead to death and therefore soul calling rituals and healing practices are a must in order to keep the integrity of life in balance.”

5 Practice Shaman is a person chosen by the spirits
as a medium to communicate with spirits, travel to the spirit realm, heal souls and give blessings. spirit/ soul calling (Hu plig) Ua Neeb (Shamans are called upon to see how a spirit is doing, travels to the spirit realm and get answers, this is usually done when someone is sick, newborn, encountered something to have shaken up their spirit)

6 Ua Neeb

7 Hu Plig Khi tes, a healing ritual in which white yarn are tied
to the hand of the person whose spirit is being called. This will help ensure their souls are bounded as one and the person is not sick.

8 Practice (continued…)
Alters: eggs, rice, water to feed the spirits, incense to burn and call spirits Tools: gong to help send shaman into a trance, buffalo horns to communicate w/ the spirit, a blindfold to help keep shaman in the trance and more depending on the different type of “NEEB” the family is doing.


10 Animals given as sacrificial offerings souls of animals connected to humans a communion meal is usually prepped communal sharing of a life given to mend a lost soul

11 Culture oral culture no written language until 19th century
folklore and stories: creation of the 18 clans; 18 last names. Sewing, story cloths (paj ntaub or padao) Deb: Criteria: Tier Two Words (Show on slide) K-5 Cross content areas

12 Dating, courtship, marriage Culture
Hmong culture consists of 18 surnames or clans (18 xyeem). It is a taboo to marry someone with the last name as yours. In older days, courtship is practiced and in modesty. There is little display of public affection. Women tend to domestic chores and work hard all year for the New Year where during this time young men search for a wife for the new year as it is the best time to get married. A formal proposal can be given for her hand in marriage. The young man’s family would bring gifts and money to her family, details will be worked out. A gift can be given and if she accepts, they marry. or…… >>>>> Deb: Word List Five words per grade level explicitly teaching and reteaching and experiencing and reviewing and living the FIVE words BUT exposing kids to any or all words in purposeful ways. We will introduce the list of words Bride- napping (zij),

13 Bride Kidnapping If a man is interested in a woman but she is not returning the same feelings, this practice of bride kidnapping would be enforced. shame if you returned home called the authority =disgrace

14 Marriage farming was an essential source for economic security--->> early marriage & large families= more helping hands Polygamy--->> more children for farming, sons to carry on blood and heir. Arranged marriage

15 Marriage Bride price vs. selling daughters
legally vs. traditionally (pros & cons) Deb: Share how we are doing the data collection Share goal example (written out) Two- Three times ONLY GIVE FIVE WORDS: MC, Matching, Checklists, Gestures, etc.

16 Fi Xov (sending the message) First wedding feast Second wedding feast
Marriage steps Fi Xov (sending the message) First wedding feast Second wedding feast lots of drinking usually take place and the groom along with his best man will do a lot of bowing on the knees. 1: sending the message, a blessing will be done called lwm qaib to ask the ancestors to accept the new bride, after 3 days, a hu plig will take place 2. First wedding feast: done at the groom’s home and ending at the bride’s home 3. Second wedding feast: done at the bride’s home (noj tshoob), the bride price will be paid here and farewells.

17 Food Variation of other ethnic foods

18 Greens with pork and pepper
Despite having variations of other food, regardless of where you go, you will always run into the classic boiled green veggies with pork and pepper.

19 Lastly For further information about assimilating to western culture, Hmong culture practices and rituals please check out the listed resources that may be of help and interest. Resources: (Watch it!!!) (blogs are very helpful)

20 Thank you! Ua Tsaug! Please feel free to me or connect with me if you have further questions! Chee Lor -

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