2 Quick recap of history Today Settlement across the globe Nomadic group, an ethnic grouplive in the hills and mountains south of Chinai.e provinces of Guizhou, Hunan, Yunan, Sichuan etcFled China in 1700 from the Qing dynastyTodaySettlement across the globeLargest concentration in: CA & MNother countries with close ties: Thailand,Laos, Vietnam, China and France
3 Language We speak Hmong There are two major dialects: Green & White Difference in verbal and writtennam vs. niamsab vs. siabdlej vs. dejchoj vs. pam
4 ReligionShamanism“ Traditionally a form of Animism or the belief in the spirit world and the interconnectedness of all living things. The shaman or txiv neeb (father of spirits) take on the role of connecting and communicating to spirits in the spirit realm when a person is sick, depressed or lost due to the imbalance of one or more souls. The human body is a host for many souls, an isolated or separated soul may even lead to death and therefore soul calling rituals and healing practices are a must in order to keep the integrity of life in balance.”
5 Practice Shaman is a person chosen by the spirits as a medium to communicate with spirits, travel to the spirit realm, heal souls and give blessings.spirit/ soul calling (Hu plig)Ua Neeb (Shamans are called upon to see how a spirit is doing, travels to the spirit realm and get answers, this is usually done when someone is sick, newborn, encountered something to have shaken up their spirit)
7 Hu Plig Khi tes, a healing ritual in which white yarn are tied to the hand of theperson whosespirit is beingcalled. This willhelp ensure theirsouls are boundedas one and theperson is not sick.
8 Practice (continued…) Alters: eggs, rice, water to feed the spirits, incenseto burn and call spiritsTools: gong to help send shaman into a trance, buffalohorns to communicate w/ the spirit, a blindfold tohelp keep shaman in the trance and more depending on the different type of “NEEB” the family is doing.
10 Animalsgiven as sacrificial offeringssouls of animals connectedto humansa communion meal isusually preppedcommunal sharing of a lifegiven to mend a lost soul
11 Culture oral culture no written language until 19th century folklore and stories: creation of the 18clans; 18 last names.Sewing, story cloths(paj ntaub or padao)Deb:Criteria:Tier Two Words (Show on slide)K-5Cross content areas
12 Dating, courtship, marriage Culture Hmong culture consists of 18 surnames or clans (18 xyeem). It is a taboo to marry someone with the last name as yours.In older days, courtship is practiced and in modesty. There is little display of public affection. Women tend to domestic chores and work hard all year for the New Year where during this time young men search for a wife for the new year as it is the best time to get married.A formal proposal can be given for her hand in marriage. The young man’s family would bring gifts and money to her family, details will be worked out.A gift can be given and if she accepts, they marry.or…… >>>>>Deb:Word ListFive words per grade levelexplicitly teaching and reteaching and experiencing and reviewing and living the FIVE words BUT exposing kids to any or all words in purposeful ways.We will introduce the list of wordsBride- napping (zij),
13 Bride KidnappingIf a man is interested in a woman but she is not returning the same feelings, this practice of bride kidnapping would be enforced.shame if you returned homecalled the authority =disgrace
14 Marriagefarming was an essential source for economic security--->> early marriage & large families= more helping handsPolygamy--->> more children for farming, sons to carry on blood and heir.Arranged marriage
15 Marriage Bride price vs. selling daughters legally vs. traditionally (pros & cons)Deb:Share how we are doing the data collectionShare goal example (written out)Two- Three timesONLY GIVE FIVE WORDS: MC, Matching, Checklists, Gestures, etc.
16 Fi Xov (sending the message) First wedding feast Second wedding feast Marriage stepsFi Xov (sending the message)First wedding feastSecond wedding feastlots of drinking usually take place and the groom along with his best man will do a lot of bowing on the knees.1: sending the message, a blessing will be done called lwm qaib to ask the ancestors to accept the new bride, after 3 days, a hu plig will take place2. First wedding feast: done at the groom’s home and ending at the bride’s home3. Second wedding feast: done at the bride’s home (noj tshoob), the bride price will be paid here and farewells.
18 Greens with pork and pepper Despite having variationsof other food, regardless ofwhere you go, you willalways run intothe classic boiledgreen veggieswith pork and pepper.
19 LastlyFor further information about assimilating to western culture, Hmong culture practices and rituals please check out the listed resources that may be of help and interest.Resources:(Watch it!!!)(blogs are very helpful)
20 Thank you! Ua Tsaug!Please feel free to me or connect with me if you have further questions!Chee Lor -