What was it? ► The Glorious Revolution was the overthrow of James II of England in 1688 ► sometimes called the Bloodless Revolution or Revolution of 1688 ► James' overthrow began modern English parliamentary democracy; never again would the monarch hold absolute power
Clashes of Political Ideology ► There were two clashes of ideology in this Revolution ► Catholicism v. Protestantism ► Divine Right of Kings v. Parliamentary Rule
The Grievances of James II ► Tried to form a King’s Party of Catholic supporters in Parliament ► Coerced the court into letting him dispense religious restrictions in England ► Removed the anti-Catholic Bishop of London from his post ► Put Catholics in charge of his armies ► Fathered a son which started a catholic dynasty in England
The Overthrow of James II ► In 1688, a conspiracy was launched to depose and replace him with his protestant daughter, Mary, who was married to William of Orange ► William and Mary planned a detailed invasion of England ► William proclaimed: "The Liberties of England and the Protestant Religion I will maintain." ► James attempted escape from London created a mass panic and a mob of 100,000 people lined up to protect the city. James returned.
The Overthrow of James II ► James received a request from William to leave London and fled just as William made his way into the city ► In 1689, the Convention Parliament convened and declared that James's flight amounted to resignation; or surrender of the crown ► February 13, 1689, Mary II and William III jointly accepted to the throne of England
The Legacy ► The Glorious Revolution is one of the most important events in the long evolution of powers possessed by Parliament and by the Crown in England. ► With the passage of the Bill of Rights (1689), it stamped out any final possibility of a Catholic monarchy ► ended moves towards Absolute Monarchy ► The King's powers were greatly restricted; he could no longer suspend laws, levy taxes, or maintain a standing army during peacetime without Parliament's permission ► the "Glorious Revolution" did not involve masses of the ordinary people ► Since 1689, England has been governed under a continuous system of constitutional monarchy
Daily Learning Goal ► What were some of the causes of the English Revolution and what was the outcome???