Presentation on theme: "Chapter 26 The Indian Perimeter. Natural Environment 1. What are the main physical features of the Indian Perimeter? 2. What types of climates, plants,"— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 26 The Indian Perimeter
Natural Environment 1. What are the main physical features of the Indian Perimeter? 2. What types of climates, plants, and animals are found there? What natural resources do countries in the region have?
Physical Features 5 Countries form the perimeter around India Pakistan Largest of the perimeter Huge Mountains here – 4 peaks higher than 26,000ft Nepal Everest lives here Bhutan BOTH landlocked Bangladesh Very populated, very wet!!!! Sri Lanka Tropical Island Maldives 1200 small coral islands
Climates Peaks of Himalyas are some the coldest places on Earth Yet Sri Lanka and the Maldives have warm tropical climates Crazy Storms occur in the Bay of Bengal Called typhoons(hurricanes), winds can reach 150mph Storm Surge can pile up water and cause floods. More than 1 Million ppl have died because of these storms since 1700.
History and Culture What is the History of the countries of the Indian Perimeter? What are some characteristics of the region’s cultures?
Empires Aryans – 1500 BC Turkic Muslims – 1000 A.D Muslim Mughal Empire – ’s-Europeans were sailing here to set up colonies and expand their empires. British eventually came to control most of the entire subcontinent.
Modern Period Britain granted India independence in 1947 To avoid civil war, they split India into Pakistan and India. India was mostly Hindu and Pakistan was mostly Muslim. Pakistan also included where modern day Bangladesh is. So you had West Pakistan(present day) and East Pakistan which is presently Bangladesh. East Pakistan wanted independence and in 1971, they broke away and became independent Bangladesh.
Culture Pakistans official language is Urdu. Very similar to Hindi, except it is Tfel ot thgir morf nettirw Very low literacy rate Too few schools and teachers to keep up with the growing populations.
Education Very low literacy Rates Too few schools and too few teachers for the growing populations. 99% United States vs 43% Bangladesh
Religion The region has a variety of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. Religion typically represents past events and historical migration patterns. Pakistan, Bangladesh and Maldives are mostly Muslim Hindu’s fled to India Muslims fled to Pakistan (West and East) East is now bangladesh
Economic Activities Just like India, most of the surrounding countries rely heavily on agriculture. Some of the poorest countries in the World are here. Except for Pakistan, these countries have very limited resources and minerals.
Population Pakistan and Bangladesh each have more than 130 million people. Population Density Comparisons United States – 76 p/square mile Bangladesh – 2361 p/square mile Sri Lanka- 766 p/square mile These populations are very dense along fertile valleys and good farming areas.
Challenges Poverty is a huge problem, as is in most developing countries. The high population rates only make poverty worse Flooding is a concern in the Maldives and Bangladesh because of the low flat terrain that is at sea level. Political differences and disputes between countries make matters worse.