2Natural Environment1. What are the main physical features of the Indian Perimeter?2. What types of climates, plants, and animals are found there?What natural resources do countries in the region have?
3Physical Features 5 Countries form the perimeter around India Pakistan Largest of the perimeterHuge Mountains here – 4 peaks higher than 26,000ftNepalEverest lives hereBhutanBOTH landlockedBangladeshVery populated, very wet!!!!Sri LankaTropical IslandMaldives1200 small coral islands
4Climates Peaks of Himalyas are some the coldest places on Earth Yet Sri Lanka and the Maldives have warm tropical climatesCrazy Storms occur in the Bay of BengalCalled typhoons(hurricanes), winds can reach 150mphStorm Surge can pile up water and cause floods.More than 1 Million ppl have died because of these storms since 1700.
5History and CultureWhat is the History of the countries of the Indian Perimeter?What are some characteristics of the region’s cultures?
6Empires Aryans – 1500 BC Turkic Muslims – 1000 A.D Muslim Mughal Empire – 15001700’s-Europeans were sailing here to set up colonies and expand their empires.British eventually came to control most of the entire subcontinent.
7Modern Period Britain granted India independence in 1947 To avoid civil war, they split India into Pakistan and India. India was mostly Hindu and Pakistan was mostly Muslim.Pakistan also included where modern day Bangladesh is. So you had West Pakistan(present day) and East Pakistan which is presently Bangladesh.East Pakistan wanted independence and in 1971, they broke away and became independent Bangladesh.
8Culture Pakistans official language is Urdu. Very similar to Hindi, except it isTfel ot thgir morf nettirwVery low literacy rateToo few schools and teachers to keep up with the growing populations.
9Education Very low literacy Rates Too few schools and too few teachers for the growing populations.99% United States vs 43% Bangladesh
10Religion The region has a variety of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. Religion typically represents past events and historical migration patterns.Pakistan, Bangladesh and Maldives are mostly MuslimHindu’s fled to IndiaMuslims fled to Pakistan (West and East)East is now bangladesh
11Economic ActivitiesJust like India, most of the surrounding countries rely heavily on agriculture.Some of the poorest countries in the World are here.Except for Pakistan, these countries have very limited resources and minerals.
12PopulationPakistan and Bangladesh each have more than 130 million people.Population Density ComparisonsUnited States – 76 p/square mileBangladesh – 2361 p/square mileSri Lanka- 766 p/square mileThese populations are very dense along fertile valleys and good farming areas.
13ChallengesPoverty is a huge problem, as is in most developing countries.The high population rates only make poverty worseFlooding is a concern in the Maldives and Bangladesh because of the low flat terrain that is at sea level.Political differences and disputes between countries make matters worse.