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Past simple and past participle Awake – awoke – awoken Beat – beat – beat/beaten Bet – bet – bet Become – became – become Bleed – bled – bled Blow – blew.

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Presentation on theme: "Past simple and past participle Awake – awoke – awoken Beat – beat – beat/beaten Bet – bet – bet Become – became – become Bleed – bled – bled Blow – blew."— Presentation transcript:

1 Past simple and past participle Awake – awoke – awoken Beat – beat – beat/beaten Bet – bet – bet Become – became – become Bleed – bled – bled Blow – blew – blown Bite – bit – bitten Deal – dealt – dealt Draw – drew – drawn Drive – drove – driven Flee – fled – fled (to escape) Fling – flung – flung (to throw) Hang – hung – hung (but in the meaning of to kill someone: hanged – hanged) Hear – heard – heard Hold – held – held Lend – lent – lent Quit – quit – quit Sew – sewed – sewn (to make or repair clothes using a needle and thread) Shoot – shot – shot Sink – sank – sunk

2 Past simple and past participle Stand – stood – stood Take – took – taken Weave – wove – woven (to make cloth by crossing long threads over and under each other) Wear – wore – worn

3 Mindmap: tenses Talking-about-the-past-.png

4 Five Old Idioms Stop pestering me with all your advice. Nobody likes a backseat driver! an annoying passenger who tells the driver how to drive; someone who tells others how to do things. Okay, long story short: everything that goes up comes down, okay? to make a long story short We decided to do a dry run (or dummy run) at the church the day before the wedding. an occasion when you practise doing something to make sure there will be no problems when you really do it Pardon my French, but this is a hell of a day. Excuse my use of swear words or taboo words. Whenever I bake a cake, I start from scratch. I never use a cake mix in a box. to start from the very beginning; to start from nothing

5 Five New Idioms Shouting at a crying child just adds fuel to the fire. to make a problem worse I can't take time for your problem. I have other /bigger fish to fry. to have more important things to do. My friends invited me to go camping on Saturday, but I have to go to my cousin's wedding instead. Blood is thicker than water, after all. family relationships are stronger and more important than other kinds of relationships, such as being friends She gave up her drinking habit cold turkey and had no ill effects. immediately; without cutting down gradually. (Originally drug slang. Now used of breaking any habit.) His parents never referred to the shoplifting incident again. I suppose they thought it best to let sleeping dogs lie. to not talk about things which have caused problems in the past, or to not try to change a situation because you might cause problems

6 Five New Idioms Shouting at a crying child just adds fuel to the fire. to make a problem worse I can't take time for your problem. I have other /bigger fish to fry. to have more important things to do. My friends invited me to go camping on Saturday, but I have to go to my cousin's wedding instead. Blood is thicker than water, after all. family relationships are stronger and more important than other kinds of relationships, such as being friends She gave up her drinking habit cold turkey and had no ill effects. immediately; without cutting down gradually. (Originally drug slang. Now used of breaking any habit.) His parents never referred to the shoplifting incident again. I suppose they thought it best to let sleeping dogs lie. to not talk about things which have caused problems in the past, or to not try to change a situation because you might cause problems

7 Writing: Unit 7 Keep it brief

8 Two kinds of note-taking  linear: chronological Example How to focus in the age of distraction 1.Managing 1a check at set points during the days 1b Turn off alerts...

9 Two kinds of note-taking  non-linear: e.g. Mind map A mind map is a diagram used to visually outline information. A mind map is often created around a single word or text, placed in the centre, to which associated ideas, words and concepts are added. Major categories radiate from a central node, and lesser categories are sub-branches of larger branches. (Wikipedia)

10

11 Other, less conventional note-taking systems

12 Other, less conventional note-taking systems

13 Other, less conventional note-taking systems

14 Anniversary (≠ birthday) The day that is a number of years since something happened Today is our tenth wedding anniversary. The 100 th anniversary of the First World War.

15 Latin abbreviations BC before Christ AD anno Domini (in the year of the Lord) i.e. Id est (that is, in other words). The elephant is a pachyderm, i.e., an animal with thick skin and nails resembling hooves. viz. Videlicet (namely, that is to say) The noble gases, viz., helium, neon, argon, xenon, krypton, and radon, show a non-expected behaviour when exposed to this new element.

16 Latin abbreviations e.g. Exempli gratia (for example, for instance) sic To indicate a mistake in a quoted source  Just weeks before he died, Michael Jackson wrote in an “I wants [sic] to make a comeback.” vs. or v Versus (often used in trials: Roe vs. Wade)

17 Other abbreviations FYI For your information (interest) (used in s: the receiver might be interested in the information, it is not required to do something) TBA To be announced TBC To be confirmed RSVP Repondez S‘il Vous-Plait. "Please send a response confirming whether or not you will accept the invitation."

18 The McKenzies would like to spend two weeks in Poland and Hungary, preferably in three-star hotels if they are available, but two-star hotels are acceptable if necessary. They want to travel by train and definitely not by coach. Sorry I forgot to call you last night. I will be late for lectures this morning. Can you take notes? I’ll see you as soon as possible. In general, the food was very traditional. The steak and roast potatoes were very good. The vegetarian meals are satisfactory, but there is very little choice. Overall prices were reasonable. In the introduction to home computing the trainer will ask the trainees personal questions about their experiences and if necessary talk about the basic equipment that is required (for example, a modem) and how it’s used for , the Internet and so on. Then the trainer will compare different software applications. Candidate number 5 has a good professional background and excellent IT skills. She is lively and enthusiastic; she would prefer to work part time, if possible.

19 Focus on a)MD (the meaning of managing director is British and informal), usually it means Doctor of Medicine) b)Sep. / Sept. c)Dr (full stop in American English: Dr.) d)Kph e)Admin f)Ltd. no. of opps

20 Acronyms AWOL = absent without leave (permission to be away from your unit) Idiom: to go AWOL = to be absent without explanation radar Radio Detection and Ranging laser light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation scuba diving Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus

21 Acronyms NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome BBC British Broadcasting Company FAQ Frequently Asked Questions

22 BBC investigate working conditions at retail giants Amazon..\..\3.2\Video and Audio\Amazon (BBC).mp4 Sat nav Satellite navigation (GPS: global positioning system) Temp Temporary work (temporary workers)

23 BBC investigate working conditions at retail giants Amazon..\..\3.2\Video and Audio\Amazon (BBC).mp4 Why is Amazon being criticised? -Low wages - High work pressure (increased risk of mental illness)

24 BBC investigate working conditions at retail giants Amazon  Do you often buy things online? What kind of things?  Was it always satisfactory? Have you had any problems?  Do you take into account the working conditions in a company when you buy their products?  What is, in your opinion, the solution to problems that Amazon’s employees face?

25 The Evolution of online shopping..\..\3.2\Video and Audio\The Evolution of Online Shopping.mp4 -Take notes -Retell the news report to your neighbour

26 The Evolution of online shopping -US buy more prods thrgh Internet - popul will sprd to othr countrs - 1/10 of retail sls in US - recrds in Nov & Dec -57% of US bought sth electr - trad strs: new ways to kp custs loyal + worry - Prof McLaughlin: trad strs shld focs on clothing + prods diff to ship + repair electr prods -Bill Martin, ShopperTrak: help strs learn abt custs + trad strs offr social exper & emotnl feeling + faster + use websts to attrct custs


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