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RS#29. Should the colonists have revolted against Great Britain?

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Presentation on theme: "RS#29. Should the colonists have revolted against Great Britain?"— Presentation transcript:

1 RS#29

2 Should the colonists have revolted against Great Britain?

3 They conduct research using documents from the past. Let me show you what I mean.

4 Analyze this historical painting. Generate your own questions to get to the truth.

5 Did you miss any questions? 1. Who painted this? 2. Who was the painter painting for? 3. Who is in the painting? 4. What does this painting show? 5.Where does the scene in this painting take place? 6. When was this painting created? When does the scene take place? 7. Why did the painter choose to paint this scene? 8. How did the painter create this painting? 9. What’s the main action the foreground? 10. Why was this section highlighted? 11. What else and who else do you see in the background? 12. What perspective does this represent?

6 “Battle of Bunker Hill” by John Trumbull

7 "... This painting represents the moment when (the Americans having expended their ammunition) the British troops became completely successful and masters of the field. At this last moment of the action, Gen. Warren was killed by a musket ball through the head. The principal group represents him expiring, a soldier on his knees supports him, and with one hand wards off the bayonet of a British grenadier,... Col. Small... is represented seizing the musket of the grenadier, to prevent the fatal blow,... Near this side of the painting is seen General Putnam, reluctantly ordering the retreat of these brave men;... Behind Col. Small is seen Major Pitcairn, of the British marines, mortally wounded, and falling in the arms of his son,... Under the heel of Col. Small lies the dead body of Col. Abercrombie. Gen. Howe, who commanded the British troops, and Gen. Clinton,... are seen behind the principal group."

8 June 6, 1756 – November 10, 1843 an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War his Declaration of Independence was used on the reverse of the two-dollar bill. soldier in the American Revolutionary War (sketched plans of British works and witnessed the Battle of Bunker Hill) appointed second personal aide to General George Washington

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10 Should the colonists have revolted against Great Britain?

11 Focus Questions Whose perspective did John Trumbull represent? Are there other perspectives to consider? Who else was living in the colonies at that time? What was the white female perspective? What was the white male perspective? What was the enslaved African perspective? What was the Native American perspective? What was the Patriot perspective? What was the Loyalist perspective? What was the neutral perspective?

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13 Possible Sources Internet Textbooks Library Expert Newspapers Paintings Diaries Pamphlets Songs Speeches

14 What’s the difference between the two? Is one better to use than another?

15 are artifacts, documents, recordings, or other sources of information that were created at the time under study. It serves as an original source of information about the topic.

16 Diary Recording Letter Painting Film s Photographs Music Art Poetry Clothing Buildings DNA

17 provide interpretation and analysis of primary sources. Secondary sources are one step removed from the original event or "horse's mouth."

18 Encyclopedia Newspaper Magazine Textbook Literary Criticism Commentaries

19 What was the white male perspective?

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21 You must follow the clues to find the answers you seek. What is the white male perspective? Do they think the colonies should revolt from Great Britain?

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27 Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession In the early ages of the world, according to the Bible there were no kings; the consequence of which was, there were no wars; it is the pride of kings which throws mankind into confusion. Holland, without a king hath enjoyed more peace for this last century than any of the monarchical governments in Europe…

28 Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession In the early ages of the world, according to the Bible there were no kings; the consequence of which was, there were no wars; it is the pride of kings which throws mankind into confusion. Holland, without a king hath enjoyed more peace for this last century than any of the monarchical governments in Europe… Kings = Wars

29 Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession In the early ages of the world, according to the Bible there were no kings; the consequence of which was, there were no wars; it is the pride of kings which throws mankind into confusion. Holland, without a king hath enjoyed more peace for this last century than any of the monarchical governments in Europe… I wonder if we could find sources to back that up.

30 Government by kings was first introduced into the world by the people who didn’t know God. It was the most prosperous invention the devil ever set on foot for the promotion of worshipping kings rather than God…How disrespectful is the title of sacred majesty applied to a worm, who in the midst of his splendor is crumbling into dust!

31 I get the feeling that Paine wouldn’t follow a king because he says that kings were created by people who don’t believe in God. I wonder why he hates them so much. Let’s keep reading.

32 Another evil which attends succession is that the throne can be held by a minor at any age…The same national misfortune happens when a king worn out with age and frailty enters the last stage of human weakness. In both these cases the public becomes a prey to every villain who can interfere successfully with the aged or youthful king/queen.

33 In short, monarchy and succession have laid but the world in blood and ashes. It is a form of government which God is against, and blood will result.

34 Another evil which attends succession is that the throne can be held by a minor at any age…The same national misfortune happens when a king worn out with age and frailty enters the last stage of human weakness. In both these cases the public becomes a prey to every villain who can interfere successfully with the aged or youthful king/queen.

35 In short, monarchy and succession have laid but the world in blood and ashes. It is a form of government which God is against, and blood will result.

36 Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs But Britain is the parent country, say some. Then the more shame upon her conduct. Even beasts do not devour their young, nor bloodthirsty people make war upon their families…Europe, and not England, is the parent country of America. This new World provide protection for the punished lovers of liberty from EVERY PART of Europe. They fled, not from the tender embraces of the mother, but from the cruelty of the monster…

37 Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs But Britain is the parent country, say some. Then the more shame upon her conduct. Even beasts do not devour their young, nor bloodthirsty people make war upon their families…Europe, and not England, is the parent country of America. This new World provided protection for the punished lovers of liberty from EVERY PART of Europe. They fled, not from the tender embraces of the mother, but from the cruelty of the monster…

38 Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs But Britain is the parent country, say some. Then the more shame upon her conduct. Even beasts do not devour their young, nor bloodthirsty people make war upon their families…Europe, and not England, is the parent country of America. This new World hath provided protection for the punished lovers of liberty from EVERY PART of Europe. They fled, not from the tender embraces of the mother, but from the cruelty of the monster…

39 I challenge the warmest supporter of peace with Great Britain to show a single advantage that this continent can reap by being connected with Great Britain…Our corn will fetch its price in any market in Europe, and our imported goods must be paid for… A government of our own is our natural right.

40 I challenge the warmest supporter of peace with Great Britain to show a single advantage that this continent can reap by being connected with Great Britain…Our corn will fetch its price in any market in Europe, and our imported goods must be paid for… A government of our own is our natural right.

41 It is common sense that the colonies should rule themselves. It does not make sense for the colonies to be ruled by a king.

42 Paine thinks the colonists should revolt, because he believes the colonies should rule themselves instead of being ruled by a king. He finds fault with monarchies and thinks that kings cause war and the worshipping of false idols. Also, old and young kings can be manipulated by evil people who will destroy the country. Basically, monarchies go against God and cause bloodshed and it is only natural that the colonies have the right to their own government.

43 Let’s write them in a chart to hang in our classroom.

44 Strategies Historians Use to Analyze Historical Documents Identify the type of document Identify the author and any relevant information about the author Identify the date and historical context Identify the audience Identify the purpose for writing Look for clues in the text that help to identify the author’s perspectives Word choice Tone Facts and opinions Inferences Connect the text back to the title

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46 Name Should the colonists have revolted against Great Britain? Here’s our big question Here’s your mini poster. Glue it on. Don’t forget your name! At the end of our unit we will have a debate about whether the colonists should revolt from Great Britain. Save all your work in this folder so you will be able to refer back to the documents we will study.

47 Do you agree with Paine? Explain why or why not, using specific text support from Common Sense.

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49 What was the white male perspective? Wrap Up Discussion: How much progress have we made so far in answering the focus question?

50 What could we as historians do to gain a better understanding of the white male perspective?


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