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The English Establish 13 Colonies.  Early Colonies Have Mixed Success  Virginia Dare: 1 st English child born in America.  Croatoan : Local tribe and.

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Presentation on theme: "The English Establish 13 Colonies.  Early Colonies Have Mixed Success  Virginia Dare: 1 st English child born in America.  Croatoan : Local tribe and."— Presentation transcript:

1 The English Establish 13 Colonies

2  Early Colonies Have Mixed Success  Virginia Dare: 1 st English child born in America.  Croatoan : Local tribe and was carved in a tree. When White returned to Roanoke he found it and discovered everyone disappeared.  Roanoke failed as an English settlement

3  Sir Walter Raleigh: Got permission to sponsor England’s first American colony. He named the colony Virginia.  Troubles  1. Lack of food  2. Local Tribes  This forced the colonists back to England

4  Joint Stock Company: companies funded by a group of investors.  Investors: person who puts money into a project to earn a profit.  1. Virginia Company of London  2. Virginia Company of Plymouth Mercantillism: Economic system that European nations used to enrich their treasures. Charter: A written contract, issued by Government giving rights to establish a colony.

5  Jamestown - 1 st permanent English settlement in North America. Jamestown Struggles to Survive  Become sick/ Lack of Water and Food  Looked for gold instead of building and preparing for winter.  John Smith: took control of colony. He brought order to the colony

6  Powhatan Tribe: Trade with colonists but still had an intense relationship. Until Chief’s daughter… Pocahontas married John Rolfe.

7  They didn’t find gold but found another product that brought them wealth… Tobacco  1614: sent 1 st shipment back to England. Very Popular and ensured survival of colony.  Colonists demanded a share/ company gave them land. Colonists worked harder than ever.

8  Along the Chesapeake Bay and James River so you can ship directly to England.  Headright: 50 acre land grant / who could pay way to colony.  Indentured Servant: One’s who couldn’t pay their way. Worked for landlord #4 to 6 years given freedom.

9  st representative assembly in colonies.  1. Passed Local Laws  2. Taxes Representative Government James I took back company’s charter turned Virginia into a royal colony- ruled by King –appointed official. Got rid of the assembly Colonist petitioned for representation in the Colonies until James I death and Charles I restored the assembly.

10  New England Colonies  John Winthrop: Puritan leader who became 1 st governor of Massachusetts. The Voyage of the May Flower  Dissenters: people who disagree with England’s official church. Religious Freedom and Self Government  Separatist: wanted to separate from church of England.  King James – Persecuted or mistreated – the separation for rejecting England’s official church.

11  The escaped persecuted fled to Holland a country known for its tolerance: acceptance of different opinions.  Pilgrims or separatists: a person who goes on a religious journey.  Pilgrims Found Plymouth (Nov. 1620)  Settlement called Plymouth.  Most men signed agreement  Mayflower Compact: document that helped establish the practice of self government

12  Squanto: taught pilgrims to plant nature crop.  day feast do a good harvest. It was the first Thanksgiving in New England.  This feast represented peace between English Settlers and Native Americans.

13  Puritans: purify the English Church  They founded Boston, which is the most important town in New England  – 20,000 settlers came to the area called the Great Migration

14  Religious- commonwealth- self governing congregation.  Congregation: A group of people who belong to the same church.  Congregationalist: (The New England Way)  Puritan Values  1.hard work  2. education  3. Representative government Freeman- could vote male church member

15  Mass. Is a seed colony: out of which other New England colonies grew.  Puritans felt threatened and left Mass.

16  Roger Williams shocked the puritans by:  The colonists had no right to take Native American land  No one should be forced to attend church  Puritans should not impose their religious beliefs on anyone  Church and state should be kept separate He was banished for his beliefs. He founded Rhode Island colony. That colony guaranteed tolerance and separation of state Also started 1 st Baptist church in America

17  Anne Hutchinson: dissenter – Left and went to Rhode Island. She believed that many of the clergy were not among the elect- those chosen by God for salvation.  John Wheelwright: also fled an established Exeter which is now New Hampshire.

18  Hooker- moved congregation to Conn Valley  Settlers wrote Fundamental Order of Conn.- Voting Rights to non-church members – representatives Government  Puritans wouldn’t 6+ intolerant of Quakers – Protestant dissenters.  Quakers believed women were equal to men. Women served as preachers and missionaries.  Threatened the New England Way

19  Martyrs: people who choose to die for a religious purpose.  A famous martyr: Mary Dyer  New England Settlers came from the middle ranks of English society. Many were highly skilled and educated.

20  The Southern Colonies  Lord Baltimore Founds Maryland  (1634) The second Southern colony was founded, Maryland. It was on the Chesapeake Bay.  It was in tended to be a new society free from religious conflicts of Europe. The Act of Toleration  Gave Maryland to Lord Baltimore as a proprietary colony: a colony governed by a single owner.  The first settlement was St. Mary’s City. It became the capital.  Colonists were allowed to elect an assembly and in 1649 the Act of Toleration : forbade religious persecution.

21  Raised tobacco  Used up the nutrients in the soil / continued to clear land  Planters always searching for workers  The workers were:  1. slaves  2. indentured servants

22  The Carolinas  In 1640 England was in a civil war and colonization stopped.  In 1660’s Monarchy was restored and Charles II King rewarded 8 supporters by giving the land for a new colony (The Carolinas)  Owners Offer  A. offers religious toleration  B. large land grants  C. Political representation

23  Charleston  It was a refuge for Huguenots: or French Protestants who fled France. Rice and Slavery Cash crop for Carolina’s was RICE Elite: High ranking group. The elite used slaves to raise cash crops. The slaves outnumbered the elite and the elite feared a revolt. Colonist Revolt Colonists were unhappy that proprietors did not provide military protection from Spanish and Native Americans.

24  Colonists overthrew proprietors rule. King took over and made North and South Carolina a royal colony. The Governors were appointed by the king.

25  James Oglethorpe received a charter for Georgia.  1 st settlement was Savannah  Debtors and Poor could make a new start.  Diversity and variety could make a new start.  All religions were welcomed but Catholics. The were to sympathize with Spanish.  Oglethorpe had strict rules. He opposed large plantations and slavery. Poor settlers to set up small farms.  Feared slave revolt would weaken colony.

26  Upset with South Carolina’s prosperity.  Georgia legalized Slavery and Royal Colony.  Also turned into Plantation Society. Region of the South Region: Tidewater- Soil and Climate- warm water crops 1. Tobacco 2. Rice 3. Indigo

27  The Dutch – founded New Netherlands – Peter Stuyvesant, the new governor  Restored order to wild colonial outpost  Weren’t bounded together- stop the diversity  Modern Day New York  Diversity was their strength

28  Attracted a population of great ethnic and religious background  New Netherland – along the Hudson River  Largest Town – New Amsterdam  Patroon – A person who brought so settlers to New Netherlands  Received large land grant  Hunting, fishing, and fur trading privileges  Religious Tolerance

29  English ran Dutch from New Netherlands- King Charles II  Duke of York- Ships arrived Dutch surrendered and English renamed the colony New York- Proprietor Colony.  Duke of York- Largest Landowner in America  The province New Jersey gave to Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkley.  William Penn- Another land owner –Born to a rich family that loaned Charles II money.

30  Gave him land to pay back his debt. Pennsylvania – “Penn’s Woods”  Penn granted 3 lower counties own assembly and a later known as a colony of Delaware.  Penn joined Quakers to dismay of father  Practice their beliefs  Free of Persecution Pennsylvania- “Holy Experiment” Capital – Philadelphia Richest Colonies in America- Wealthiest By 1730’s -13 colonies are thriving Population –Doubling every 25 years

31 11. People who put money into a project to earn profits? 22. 1 st permanent English settlement in North America? 33. 50 acres / land grant? 44. wanted to separate from the Church of England? 55. The Ship the Pilgrims sailed on? 66. Wanted to purify the Church of England? 77. Founded Rhode Island? 8 Puritan Values?

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