Presentation on theme: "The English Establish 13 Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1The English Establish 13 Colonies Chapter 3The English Establish 13 Colonies
2Section 1 Early Colonies Have Mixed Success Virginia Dare: 1st English child born in America.Croatoan: Local tribe and was carved in a tree. When White returned to Roanoke he found it and discovered everyone disappeared.Roanoke failed as an English settlement
3The First English Colonies Sir Walter Raleigh: Got permission to sponsor England’s first American colony. He named the colony Virginia.Troubles1. Lack of food2. Local TribesThis forced the colonists back to England
4Financing a ColonyJoint Stock Company: companies funded by a group of investors.Investors: person who puts money into a project to earn a profit.1. Virginia Company of London2. Virginia Company of PlymouthMercantillism: Economic system that European nations used to enrich their treasures.Charter: A written contract, issued by Government giving rights to establish a colony.
5Jamestown is Founded in 1607 Jamestown - 1st permanent English settlement in North America.Jamestown Struggles to SurviveBecome sick/ Lack of Water and FoodLooked for gold instead of building and preparing for winter.John Smith: took control of colony. He brought order to the colony
6Powhatan Tribe: Trade with colonists but still had an intense relationship. Until Chief’s daughter… Pocahontas married John Rolfe.
7Tobacco Transform the Colony They didn’t find gold but found another product that brought them wealth… Tobacco1614: sent 1st shipment back to England. Very Popular and ensured survival of colony.Colonists demanded a share/ company gave them land. Colonists worked harder than ever.
8Along the Chesapeake Bay and James River so you can ship directly to England. Headright: 50 acre land grant / who could pay way to colony.Indentured Servant: One’s who couldn’t pay their way. Worked for landlord #4 to 6 years given freedom.
9The House of Burgesses is Formed st representative assembly in colonies.1. Passed Local Laws2. TaxesRepresentative GovernmentJames I took back company’s charter turned Virginia into a royal colony- ruled by King –appointed official.Got rid of the assemblyColonist petitioned for representation in the Colonies until James I death and Charles I restored the assembly.
10The Voyage of the May Flower Religious Freedom and Self Government Section 2New England ColoniesJohn Winthrop: Puritan leader who became 1st governor of Massachusetts.The Voyage of the May FlowerDissenters: people who disagree with England’s official church.Religious Freedom and Self GovernmentSeparatist: wanted to separate from church of England.King James – Persecuted or mistreated – the separation for rejecting England’s official church.
11Pilgrims or separatists: a person who goes on a religious journey . The escaped persecuted fled to Holland a country known for its tolerance: acceptance of different opinions.Pilgrims or separatists: a person who goes on a religious journey .Pilgrims Found Plymouth (Nov. 1620)Settlement called Plymouth.Most men signed agreementMayflower Compact: document that helped establish the practice of self government
12Squanto: taught pilgrims to plant nature crop. day feast do a good harvest. It was the first Thanksgiving in New England.This feast represented peace between English Settlers and Native Americans.
13Puritans Come to Mass. Bay Puritans: purify the English ChurchThey founded Boston, which is the most important town in New England– 20,000 settlers came to the area called the Great Migration
14The New England WayReligious- commonwealth- self governing congregation.Congregation: A group of people who belong to the same church.Congregationalist: (The New England Way)Puritan Values1.hard work2. education3. Representative governmentFreeman- could vote male church member
15Mass. Bay “Seeds” New England Mass. Is a seed colony: out of which other New England colonies grew.Puritans felt threatened and left Mass.
16Rhode Island Welcomes Dissenters Roger Williams shocked the puritans by:The colonists had no right to take Native American landNo one should be forced to attend churchPuritans should not impose their religious beliefs on anyoneChurch and state should be kept separateHe was banished for his beliefs. He founded Rhode Island colony. That colony guaranteed tolerance and separation of stateAlso started 1st Baptist church in America
17Anne Hutchinson: dissenter – Left and went to Rhode Island Anne Hutchinson: dissenter – Left and went to Rhode Island. She believed that many of the clergy were not among the elect- those chosen by God for salvation.John Wheelwright: also fled an established Exeter which is now New Hampshire.
18Conn. Extends Voting Rights Hooker- moved congregation to Conn ValleySettlers wrote Fundamental Order of Conn.- Voting Rights to non-church members – representatives GovernmentPuritans wouldn’t 6+ intolerant of Quakers – Protestant dissenters.Quakers believed women were equal to men. Women served as preachers and missionaries.Threatened the New England Way
19Martyrs: people who choose to die for a religious purpose. A famous martyr: Mary DyerNew England Settlers came from the middle ranks of English society. Many were highly skilled and educated.
20Section 3 The Southern Colonies Lord Baltimore Founds Maryland (1634) The second Southern colony was founded, Maryland. It was on the Chesapeake Bay.It was in tended to be a new society free from religious conflicts of Europe.The Act of TolerationGave Maryland to Lord Baltimore as a proprietary colony: a colony governed by a single owner.The first settlement was St. Mary’s City. It became the capital.Colonists were allowed to elect an assembly and in 1649 the Act of Toleration : forbade religious persecution.
21Maryland Raised tobacco Used up the nutrients in the soil / continued to clear landPlanters always searching for workersThe workers were:1. slaves2. indentured servants
22Religious Conflict in Maryland The CarolinasIn 1640 England was in a civil war and colonization stopped.In 1660’s Monarchy was restored and Charles II King rewarded 8 supporters by giving the land for a new colony (The Carolinas)Owners OfferA. offers religious tolerationB. large land grantsC. Political representation
23CharlestonIt was a refuge for Huguenots: or French Protestants who fled France.Rice and SlaveryCash crop for Carolina’s was RICEElite: High ranking group. The elite used slaves to raise cash crops. The slaves outnumbered the elite and the elite feared a revolt.Colonist RevoltColonists were unhappy that proprietors did not provide military protection from Spanish and Native Americans.
24Colonists overthrew proprietors rule Colonists overthrew proprietors rule. King took over and made North and South Carolina a royal colony. The Governors were appointed by the king.
25Georgia James Oglethorpe received a charter for Georgia. 1st settlement was SavannahDebtors and Poor could make a new start.Diversity and variety could make a new start.All religions were welcomed but Catholics. The were to sympathize with Spanish.Oglethorpe had strict rules. He opposed large plantations and slavery. Poor settlers to set up small farms.Feared slave revolt would weaken colony.
26Upset with South Carolina’s prosperity. Georgia legalized Slavery and Royal Colony.Also turned into Plantation Society.Region of the SouthRegion:Tidewater- Soil and Climate- warm water cropsTobaccoRiceIndigo
27The Middle ColoniesThe Dutch – founded New Netherlands – Peter Stuyvesant, the new governorRestored order to wild colonial outpostWeren’t bounded together- stop the diversityModern Day New YorkDiversity was their strength
28Settling The Middle Colonies Attracted a population of great ethnic and religious backgroundNew Netherland – along the Hudson RiverLargest Town – New AmsterdamPatroon – A person who brought so settlers to New NetherlandsReceived large land grantHunting, fishing, and fur trading privilegesReligious Tolerance
29The English Take Control English ran Dutch from New Netherlands- King Charles IIDuke of York- Ships arrived Dutch surrendered and English renamed the colony New York- Proprietor Colony.Duke of York- Largest Landowner in AmericaThe province New Jersey gave to Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkley.William Penn- Another land owner –Born to a rich family that loaned Charles II money.
30Gave him land to pay back his debt. Pennsylvania – “Penn’s Woods” Penn granted 3 lower counties own assembly and a later known as a colony of Delaware.Penn joined Quakers to dismay of fatherPractice their beliefsFree of PersecutionPennsylvania- “Holy Experiment”Capital – PhiladelphiaRichest Colonies in America- WealthiestBy 1730’s -13 colonies are thrivingPopulation –Doubling every 25 years
31Section 1&2 Quiz1. People who put money into a project to earn profits?2. 1st permanent English settlement in North America?acres / land grant?4. wanted to separate from the Church of England?5. The Ship the Pilgrims sailed on?6. Wanted to purify the Church of England?7. Founded Rhode Island?Puritan Values?