3 The Puritan Age Basic Timeline 1630: The Great Migration to New England (Puritans)16901745The Great Awakening1636: Harvard College founded1692: The Salem Witch Trials1620: Mayflower lands (W. Bradford) with 100 pilgrimsThe Puritan Age
4 Puritanism: a definition As a religion it stems from Roman CatholicCatholics Church of England (Anglican) Puritan (to purify)As a way of life it is based on God and his teachingsPuritans lived in a THEOCRACYChurch = StateEldersMinisters = government/lawBible teachings
5 Puritan Views: View of God View of Man View of Nature All-powerful All-knowingRevengefulJust/fairView of ManSinfulUnworthy of salvationView of Nature- Used by God as a way to punish or reward man
6 Puritan Tenets (beliefs): The Bible is the inerrant (without errors) word of God and an outline for livingSpecial people (good Puritans) have been chosen by God to carry out certain actionsYour eternal destiny is decided before you are born. How you live life hints to this destiny.In all aspects of life, be pragmatic (practical) and avoid frivolous (unnecessary) activities.“Work is necessary and good for you.”
7 Puritan reasons for writing: Puritan literature is both PRAGMATIC and THEOCRATICReasons for writing areLonelinessTo describe the new landFor support from EuropeTo explain action (esp. W. Bradford)For religious purposes (esp. J. Edwards)
9 William Bradford: bio Son of an English farmer Was the typical first New England settlerExtremely religious; joined a group of PuritansFled from England to Holland and then to America because of religious persecutionReached Plymouth in 1620 aboard the MayflowerWife either jumped or fell overboard and drowned1st winter in America ½ the settlers diedBecame governor of Plymouth (re-elected 30+ times
10 Bio, cont. Wrote Plymouth’s history (began in 1630 and ended in 1647) 200 years later the manuscript was publishedBradford was disappointed that America fell short of its promiseOf Plymouth Plantation describesPuritan’s flight from England to Holland to AmericaThe trials of the 1st winterThe bloody Pequot War
11 Voyage was a mix of fair winds and fierce storms “Of Their Voyage, and How They Passed the Sea; and of Their Safe Arrival to Cape Cod”Voyage was a mix of fair winds and fierce stormsOne of the main beams bowed and cracked ½ way through the journeyRepaired the beam with a great iron screw (to raise it) and a post (to secure it)Again, pilgrims believed that God would be fair to them“So they committed themselves to the will of God and resolved to proceed” (59)
12 God saves a good Puritan from drowning John Howland was thrown into the sea during a storm“it pleased God that he caught hold of the topsail halyards” (59)John Howland “lived many years and became a profitable member both in church and commonwealth” (his good life yielded a good fate)One person (besides the seaman) perished on the voyage, William Butten
13 They first try to land @ Cape Cod Then they decide to travel south down the Hudson (meet with rough waters)Ultimately, they Cape HarborThey landed in winter with no friends to meet them & no place for them to goBradford declares his trust in God to get them through“What could now sustain them but the Spirit of God and His Grace?” (61)
14 Book 2: “The Starving Time” In 2 or 3 months’ time, ½ the ship’s passengers diedLack of proper housingInfected with scurvy6 or 7 Puritans were healthy enough to care for the others (chosen by God)The seamen were greedy and selfish, keeping food and drink for themselves even with the passengers so sick.
15 The seamen began falling ill too Nearly half of the seamen died before they set sail againThe pilgrims were much more willing to help each other in times of need and illnessThe seamen were more barbaric and self-centered. They cursed each other instead of caring for each other
16 “Indian Relations”Samoset, an Indian that approached the pilgrims, helped them become familiar with the landSquanto and the pilgrims set terms under which they would all live. These terms primarily favored the pilgrims. Squanto continued with the pilgrims as their interpreter and was “sent from God.” He aided the pilgrims until he died
17 “Of Plymouth Plantation” tasks Write a short response to video clipCreate a timeline of events for the excerpt.