Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7, Section 3. British: Most Southerners are Loyalist Why not attack the South? 3 years of fighting in North British no closer to victory."— Presentation transcript:
British: Most Southerners are Loyalist Why not attack the South? 3 years of fighting in North British no closer to victory Could not occupy countryside 1778 – Decide to attack southern colonies Thought loyalist support would help
Southern Slaves British offered slaves freedom Thousands ran away to join British Some were sold back into slavery! Savannah and Charles Town British attack port of Savannah Used as base to capture Georgia Attack Charles Town next 5,466 Americans surrender Worst defeat of war for Americans
Siege of Charles Town As you watch the video, think about the following ideas: 1. Who was the British Leader? 2. What was the American Leader? 3. Why was Charles Town America’s worst defeat of the war? 4. Where did most Patriots die?
US General Horatio Gates sent South Baron von Kalb also sent Added 2,000 untrained or militia troops Goal was to attack British at Camden, SC On the way, US troops meet Francis Marion Called the “Swamp Fox” Led rugged troop of 20 men (white and black) Provided Gates knowledge of local area Gates sent Marion to destroy British boats Guerilla fighters – hit and run tactics
Colonial and British forces met at Camden, SC Gates made mistake of putting militia on front line Militia fled when fighting started Forced Gates to flee as well Baron von Kalb stood his ground Kalb Mortally wounded Result: Colonial Army defeated in south…again.
Answer the following questions: 1. Why did the British decide to attack in the South? 2. Why did they think they would be successful? 3. What two cities did the British attack first? 4. Who was the guerilla leader who fought against the British?
Patriots vs. Loyalists Battle of Kings Mountain October 1780 Americans surrounded about 1000 Loyalist and British soldiers The Americans slaughtered most of them after they surrendered Shot or hanged Revenge for the killing of American soldiers
General Nathanael Greene New commander in charge of Colonial Southern Army Changed way Americans fought British Did not engage in open warfare Stayed on the move Wear out British who were tracking them Only fought when they could cause heavy damage to British Significance: Caused war to drag on which made it unpopular in Britain.
Battle of Yorktown By 1781, most fighting took place in Virginia Lord Cornwallis: British commander Set up camp at Yorktown in the Chesapeake Bay From here he could get supplies from NY Washington used this to his advantage French Navy blocked Chesapeake Bay British could not get supplies or escape Washington and French Army moved south Bombarded town with cannon fire British surrendered 8,000 troops Last major battle of the war!