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Renaissance. Definition – write this Refers to the rebirth of Greek and Roman ideas; reinvented the past, but also developed innovative art and literature.

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Presentation on theme: "Renaissance. Definition – write this Refers to the rebirth of Greek and Roman ideas; reinvented the past, but also developed innovative art and literature."— Presentation transcript:

1 Renaissance

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3 Definition – write this Refers to the rebirth of Greek and Roman ideas; reinvented the past, but also developed innovative art and literature and new outlooks on life.Refers to the rebirth of Greek and Roman ideas; reinvented the past, but also developed innovative art and literature and new outlooks on life.

4 Looking at the definition you just wrote, discuss this question with your groups. Why is this new way of thinking so important to human progress?Why is this new way of thinking so important to human progress?

5 origins Italy was the center of the RenaissanceItaly was the center of the Renaissance

6 Origins The Renaissance began in Italy for three main reasonsThe Renaissance began in Italy for three main reasons City-StatesCity-States Large Middle ClassLarge Middle Class Proximity to Greece and RomeProximity to Greece and Rome

7 City States Large cities have always been hubs for the exchange of ideas. Italy had many large city states – many left over from Classical Rome. More people, more ideas.Large cities have always been hubs for the exchange of ideas. Italy had many large city states – many left over from Classical Rome. More people, more ideas. More currently, think LA, NYC, London, Paris – these cities are almost always at the center of new trends.More currently, think LA, NYC, London, Paris – these cities are almost always at the center of new trends.

8 Large middle class Because of this, there were more people involved in political affairs. Merchants dominated politics and there was more of a focus on human achievement, rather than being born into power.Because of this, there were more people involved in political affairs. Merchants dominated politics and there was more of a focus on human achievement, rather than being born into power.

9 Proximity to greece and rome Renaissance scholars looked down on the works created during the Middle Ages, instead, they looked to the Classics. They were so close to the ruins of Greece and Rome that they had access to those former empires and their ideas.Renaissance scholars looked down on the works created during the Middle Ages, instead, they looked to the Classics. They were so close to the ruins of Greece and Rome that they had access to those former empires and their ideas.

10 Origins – write this Began in ItalyBegan in Italy Large City States: hubs for exchange of ideasLarge City States: hubs for exchange of ideas Large Middle Class: ordinary people involved in politics; focus on human achievementLarge Middle Class: ordinary people involved in politics; focus on human achievement Proximity to Greece and Rome – had access to their ruinsProximity to Greece and Rome – had access to their ruins

11 New outlook on life and art Humanism placed the value on individual achievementsHumanism placed the value on individual achievements World Pleasures – people started to live more extravagant lifestylesWorld Pleasures – people started to live more extravagant lifestyles Patrons of the Arts – cities started to fund the arts and artistsPatrons of the Arts – cities started to fund the arts and artists Renaissance Man – a man who was skilled at several different disciplines (da Vinci)Renaissance Man – a man who was skilled at several different disciplines (da Vinci) Renaissance Woman – should know the classics, but are meant to act more of a muse than to create their own artRenaissance Woman – should know the classics, but are meant to act more of a muse than to create their own art

12 Renaissance Revolutionizes Art Realistic, Shows Perspective, 3DRealistic, Shows Perspective, 3D

13 Rafael’s School of athens

14 Michelangelo’s David

15 Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel

16 The Creation of Adam

17 The Last Judgement

18 Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa

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20 Da Vinci’s Last SUpper

21 Botticelli’s Birth of Venus

22 Renaissance literature Renaissance writers wrote in the vernacular – native languageRenaissance writers wrote in the vernacular – native language Petrarch: humanist and poet, he wrote in both Latin and ItalianPetrarch: humanist and poet, he wrote in both Latin and Italian Boccaccio: write the “Decameron” – a series of off color stories being told by young people trying to avoid the plague (p. 476)Boccaccio: write the “Decameron” – a series of off color stories being told by young people trying to avoid the plague (p. 476) Machiavelli – Wrote “The Prince” – handbook for politicians encouraging corruption instead of integrity (p. 476)Machiavelli – Wrote “The Prince” – handbook for politicians encouraging corruption instead of integrity (p. 476)

23 New outlooks – write this Humanism: placing value on individual accomplishmentsHumanism: placing value on individual accomplishments Worldly pleasuresWorldly pleasures Patrons of the ArtsPatrons of the Arts Machiavelli: wrote “The Prince” – politicians should be corrupt rather than have integrityMachiavelli: wrote “The Prince” – politicians should be corrupt rather than have integrity

24 Renaissance Spreads By the 1400s, Renaissance ideas started to spread to Northern Europe – especially England, France, Germany and Flanders (now part of France and Holland.By the 1400s, Renaissance ideas started to spread to Northern Europe – especially England, France, Germany and Flanders (now part of France and Holland.

25 The Northern Renaissance begins Population growing again after the PlaguePopulation growing again after the Plague Cities were boomingCities were booming Wealth expanded – so did the desire for artWealth expanded – so did the desire for art England and France had powerful monarchies that often funded the artsEngland and France had powerful monarchies that often funded the arts Northern Renaissance called for social changeNorthern Renaissance called for social change

26 Artistic ideas spread Many Italian artists and writers fled war in Italy for the North, bringing their ideas north with themMany Italian artists and writers fled war in Italy for the North, bringing their ideas north with them Many northern artists had moved to Italy to study the Italian Renaissance, they also fled the war and brought back ideasMany northern artists had moved to Italy to study the Italian Renaissance, they also fled the war and brought back ideas

27 Northern Writers try to reform society Christian humanism – sought to reform societyChristian humanism – sought to reform society Believed in Christianity of the heart, not ceremonial or rulesBelieved in Christianity of the heart, not ceremonial or rules Thomas More wrote, “Utopia” about perfect societyThomas More wrote, “Utopia” about perfect society Began to see the beauracracy of the Church – kind of led to the ReformationBegan to see the beauracracy of the Church – kind of led to the Reformation

28 Northern Renaissance – write this Spread of RenaissanceSpread of Renaissance Post Plague – population grew; cities grewPost Plague – population grew; cities grew Wealth and desire for art expandedWealth and desire for art expanded England and France had strong monarchies that funded the artsEngland and France had strong monarchies that funded the arts Northern Renaissance called for social changeNorthern Renaissance called for social change Writers and Artists fled war in Northern ItalyWriters and Artists fled war in Northern Italy

29 BELLWORK Please take out your foldable from Friday. Absent on Friday? Please get three half sheets from the front table and look on with a neighbor to see how to set it up!Please take out your foldable from Friday. Absent on Friday? Please get three half sheets from the front table and look on with a neighbor to see how to set it up!

30 The Elizabethan Age Elizabeth I reigned from and was very cultured, supported the arts and literatureElizabeth I reigned from and was very cultured, supported the arts and literature William Shakespeare – most famous writer of this periodWilliam Shakespeare – most famous writer of this period

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32 In groups, discuss how such a simple invention changed civilization Gutenberg invented the printing press.Gutenberg invented the printing press.

33 Legacy – Write this Changes in the ArtsChanges in Society Art used techniques form Classical Greece and Rome Printing Press – HUGE and inexpensive way to print Painting and sculptures more realistic * Raised literacy and desire for learning Artists worked in both secular and religious * Published law – made everyone aware of their rights Writers used vernacular * Published accounts of new discoveries, maps and charts Arts praised individual talentsChristian humanist attempted to reform society *People began to question politics and religion


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