2 James I (VI of Scotland), 1603-25 Gunpowder Plot 1605 – restore Catholic monarchGuy Fawkes Day – Nov. 5Golden Age of Elizabethan literatureKing James Version of Bible – “thou sayest”
3 Elizabethan Golden Age of Literature ShakespeareJohn Donne – “Death Be Not Proud”Ben Jonson – Volpone, burialSir Francis Bacon – scientific method, Shakespearean hypothesis, father of jurisprudence
4 Charles I,Son of James I, Married Henrietta Maria of France (Bourbon)Divine Right of KingsCatholic tendenciesEnglish Civil War vs. two parliamentsCavaliers v. RoundheadsIsle of WightCromwell’s New Model Army1649 – Executed for treason
5 The English Commonwealth, 1649-59 Aka The InterregnumMonarchy abolishedThe ProtectorateLord Protector Oliver Cromwell, deeply PuritanInvaded Ireland in 1649“I shall not..suffer the exercise of the Mass”“curse of Cromwell upon you”His portrait in Westminster
6 The Protectorate, 1653-58 Cromwell Lord Protector for life Ability to dissolve parliamentsCavaliers in VirginiaFalls Church1657 – offered crown by parliament
7 Charles II, 1660-85 Son of Charles I Scots declared him king in 1650, Cromwell arrives from IrelandFled to Europe following defeats to CromwellThe Restoration, king of England, Scotland and IrelandAlliance with France, secret promiseBirth of Whigs and ToriesConverted on deathbed
8 James II (VIII of Scotland), 1685-88 Catholic, brother of Charles IICourt suspicious of his Catholicism and absolutismTories and WhigsFled when William III of Orange (Dutch) invaded
9 William and Mary, 1689-94 Married to James II’s daughter Glorious RevolutionFear of Catholic dynastyAsked to invade by parliamentJames fled to FranceBig hits to CatholicismMaryland govt.
10 Queen Anne,Acts of Union 1707 – one crown for England/Scotland, Great BritainWar of the Spanish Succession – Austria and France vie for Spanish CrownQueen Anne’s War – N. Amer. Theater of War of SSLast of the StuartsGerman cousin succeeded her
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