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Constitution, Society, and Leadership Week 2 Unit 3 Anatomy of the Constitution: Articles IV-VII Christopher Dreisbach, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins University.

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Presentation on theme: "Constitution, Society, and Leadership Week 2 Unit 3 Anatomy of the Constitution: Articles IV-VII Christopher Dreisbach, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Constitution, Society, and Leadership Week 2 Unit 3 Anatomy of the Constitution: Articles IV-VII Christopher Dreisbach, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins University

2  This unit summarizes Articles IV-VII of the Constitution  Article IV: States and Federal Government  Article V: Amendment Process  Article VI: General Provisions  Article VII: Ratification 2

3  Article IV has 4 sections  State Records  Privileges and Immunities of Citizens  New States and Territories  Guarantees to the States 3

4  This section requires each state must give every other state “full faith and credit…to  “public acts, records, and judicial proceedings.”  This is known as the “Friendship Clause.”  In principle, this means, for example, that if a couple is legally married in one state, all states should recognize the marriage. 4

5  Every U.S. citizen has all the Constitutional rights that every other citizen has  No matter what state he lives in.  A criminal suspect from one state may be extradited from another state to which he or she has fled  Including escaped slaves ▪ This part is known as the “Fugitive Slave Clause” 5

6  Congress may admit new states  Any alteration to a current state requires consent of the state’s legislature as well as of the U.S. Congress  Congress has jurisdiction over U.S. territories and properties other than states 6

7  The U.S. guarantees to each state  A republican form of government  Protection against invasion  Protection against domestic violence, if the state authority requests it 7

8  Any Amendment can be made to the Constitution as along as  Two-thirds of Congress agree and  Three-fourths of the states agree  With two exceptions  No amendment concerning slavery until 1808  No amendment denying a state its right to have equal representation in the U.S. Senate 8

9  All national debt under the Articles of Confederation are valid under the Constitution.  The Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land.  There is to be no religious test for public office.  All public officials must take an oath to support the Constitution. 9

10  Each state is asked to hold a convention to decide whether to ratify the Constitution.  If nine or more states ratify, then the Constitution will be established between these states.  New Hampshire was the 9 th state to ratify, on June 21,  Rhode Island was the final state to ratify, on May 29,

11 Constitution, Society, and Leadership Week 2 Unit 3 Anatomy of the Constitution: Articles IV-VII Christopher Dreisbach, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins University


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