Presentation on theme: "Mr. E’s Wed, Mar. 18, 2009 Louisiana History Class."— Presentation transcript:
Mr. E’s Wed, Mar. 18, 2009 Louisiana History Class
March 19, 1913 ~ John and Mary Stockwell married, later help establish first Methodist Church in Belgian Congo. 74. Describe the rise and fall of the Louisiana Lottery company. Today’s objective:
Practice S.S. LEAP Question Economic Cost? From today’s LCAP
Vocabulary Louisiana Lottery Company: A private company that operated a lottery in Louisiana during the late 1800s. Populists: Members of the People’s Party. Segregation: Public and social separation of the races.
Fact # 1 The Bourbon Democrats – The Redeemer Democrats saw themselves as southern gentlemen. Others called them the Bourbons. These gentlemen thought their education, background, and success meant they should lead the government.
Francis T. Nicholls: was the first democratic governor elected after reconstruction. As a former Confederate officer he believed that power should work for the good of all. Even blacks thought he was just and impartial but others thought he was too generous towards blacks. Fact #2
Fact # 3 The Louisiana Lottery – As Nicholls tried to shut the lottery down in 1867, the state granted the company even more power with a 25 year charter (power to operate). It generally brought in more than $20 million a year from a public that made less than $2 a day. The lottery company became very powerful in La. politics.
Fact # 4 E.A. Burke – came to Louisiana took a job paying $1 a day. He claimed to be a former Confederate army officer, but his critics claimed he was actually a Yankee spy. He became the state’s treasurer and became the editor of the N.O. Times owned by the Louisiana Lottery.
Fact # 5 1879 Constitution – Lottery officials pushed to get a new constitution that protected their investments. The writers wanted to return Louisiana to a “home rule” government. Southern University was established, lower property taxes, and separate school systems were established for both races.
Fact # 6 Lottery’s End – In 1888 Gov. Nicholls strongly opposed the Lottery and its hold on the state. By ’89 a scandal involving E.A. Burke was uncovered. He had stolen more than a million dollars of state funds. He fled to Central American where he continued to operate the Louisiana Lottery from there.
Fact # 7 Murphy J. Foster – In 1892 Foster was chosen as governor and had campaigned against the lottery as a “polluting monster” and promised to remove it. The Louisiana Lottery company finally ceased its operations in the state in 1893. Voters had refused to renew the lottery’s charter. Gov. Murphy J. Foster, grandfather to Gov. Mike Foster 100 years later.
Fact # 8 Populists – were better known as the People’s Party of 1891. It was built around America’s growing population of farmers. They believed that government should help the small farmers and the ‘middleman’ and manufacturers were taking too much of the farmer’s profits.
Fact # 9 Fusion – When farmers began to leave the Democratic Party, political strength in the state shifted. Sugar planters stopped supporting the national party and began to support the Republicans. The Republicans and Populists fused their party together to create one powerful ally to defeat the Democrats.
Fact # 10 Constitution of 1898 - the new constitute was much like the previous one except that this one required voters to own property, be literate, and pay a poll tax. These restrictions disfranchised many of the freedmen. This new constitution caused the African-American vote to drop from 130,000 in 1896 to 5,300 in 1900 and only 1,300 in 1904.
Upcoming Thurs (19): Ch. 12, Populists Fri (20): Ch. 12, Populists Mon (23): Ch. 13, Huey Long Tue (24): Ch. 13, Huey Long Wed (25): Ch. 13, Huey Long Thurs (26): Ch. 13, Huey Long Fri (27): Ch. 13, Huey Long Mon (30): Last Minute Test Tips