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The Renaissance.  Took place between 1300 – 1600  Marked the beginning of modern civilization  Began in Italy and spread to northern Europe  Italian.

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Presentation on theme: "The Renaissance.  Took place between 1300 – 1600  Marked the beginning of modern civilization  Began in Italy and spread to northern Europe  Italian."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Renaissance

2  Took place between 1300 – 1600  Marked the beginning of modern civilization  Began in Italy and spread to northern Europe  Italian renaissance emerged new trains of thought: classicism, individualism, humanism, & secularism

3 Classicism  Rebirth of Roman and Greek civilization values by scholars  Why: –Medieval civilization was disintegrating –Italy once centre of a great empire so maybe once again –Scholars fled to Italy from Constantinople in 1453 when Turks gained power

4 Individualism  Leaders of Italian city-states merchant class  This group rejected medieval thought that only three important groups in society: clergy, nobles, peasants  Merchants also rejected belief of life was preparation for happier life after death  Many used wealth to support writers and artists who believed in individualism  Individualism spread because of this

5 Humanism  Developed from the study of classic literature  Greeks and Romans believed that an individual should develop many talents  This would lead to a full and happy life  This belief was revived in 1400s

6 Secularism  In the Middle Ages, scholars depended on religious faith and reason to understand the world  Renaissance scholars stressed secularism  This meant dependence on mind and senses  Secularism emphasized the world not life after death

7 Effects of the Renaissance  Great advances in art and literature  None in science until late 1500s  Only scholars, artists, and some nobles benefited  Peasants (80% of pop) changed little  Greatest effects felt in centuries to follow  Renaissance made merchants and artisans more important  New social order brought to Europe because of the Renaissance


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