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What do you know about China?

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Presentation on theme: "What do you know about China?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What do you know about China?
In your KWL chart list everything you can think of that you have learned about or heard about China.

2 Some facts about China

3 Geography

4 China is comparable in size to the United States

5 Topography of China Mountains in the West and the Pacific Ocean in the East serve as natural boundaries 2 Seasons: Summer=Wet season Winter= Dry Season

6 Regions of China

7 A Brief Review of Modern Chinese History leading up to the 1970s.

8 The 19th Century Qing Dynasty
Britain, France, and Germany sought to expand trade in China First Opium War ( ) Treaty of Nanking, China loses Hong Kong to Britain Second Opium War ( ) Britain, Japan, France, and Russia all obtained land from China

9 Effects of the Opium Wars
Internal rebellions throughout China Anti-Qing sentiment grew China was in danger of being “carved up” by European powers

10 The Tongzhi Restoration
The Tongzhi Emperor and the Empress Dowager Cixi

11 Sino-Japanese War 1894-1895 Shameful to China
Led to The Reform Movement Emperor Guangxu willing to work with reformers Empress regained control, executed the reformers and banished Emperor Guangxu Attempt at modernization failed

12 Boxer Rebellion Led by the “Society of the Righteous Fist”
Directed anger at Europeans and Christian Missionaries Goal was to expel “foreign devils” from China Foreign response - 8 nations including the U.S. take control of Nanking Exemplified how ineffective the Manchu Dynasty had become

13 1911- Revolution Dr. Sun Yat-sen - Revolutionary Leader
Ideas of nationalism and democracy made up his vision of China Founding of the Republic of China Sun is elected President

14 Sun is challenged by Yuan Shikai who was a military governor general
Yuan sets himself up as emperor but dies in 1916 China goes into a state of chaos Difficult to establish the Republic

15 The Nationalist Party KMT
1920s - Under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen Communist Party formed in Shanghai KMT and Communist Party of China united Sun Yat-sen died Chiang Kai-shek took over KMT Broke away from the Communists Communists fled to the countryside

16 Chiang Kai-Shek Campaign to unify China
Hatred of Communists and warlords Purged communists - Mao Zedong and Zhu De Extermination campaigns Backed by foreign investors Declared head of national government in 1928

17 The Long March 1934 Led by Mao Zedong Approx. 100,000 men and women
Marched for 6,000 miles into Shaanxi Province Intended to launch “people’s war” Only 10,000 made it to Shaanxi (about 10%)

18 Party Conference of Zunyi in Guizhou Province, 1935
Mao took leadership of the Communist Party

19 China During World War II
Japan invaded Manchuria Japan invaded China proper (Beijing) Fall of Shanghai Forced KMT to unite with the Communists again

20 Rape of Nanjing

21 World War II War broke out in Europe, 1939
Germany stopped supplying weaponry to the Nationalist-Communist coalition Bombing of Pearl Harbor, 1941 United States became allied with China

22 Chongqing - Capital of China during World War II
Americans and British supplied China’s United Front with supplies flown over the Himalayas Chiang Kai-shek did not distribute these to the Red Army United Front collapsed

23 World War II ends Power struggle in China between the Nationalist Party led by Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong U.S. sided with Chiang Kai-shek Peace negotiations took place in Chongqing (mediated by the U.S.) Talks ended in a stalemate

24 Civil War in China Communists formed the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Attacked Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists

25 Communist China October 1, Mao declared the People’s Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan - took China’s gold reserves with him

26 Communist China With the exception of Taiwan, CCP manages to reunify all of China United States refuses to recognize Mao and the CCP

27 China under Communism 1957 - The Hundred Flowers Campaign
The Great Leap Forward 1960s - Break in US-USSR relations Soviet Union stopped all aid to China

28 The Cultural Revolution
Mao Zedong utilized the youth of China against his critics the Red Guard is created Attacked the “Four Olds”: ideas, culture, customs, and habits Guards attacked anything perceived to be related to capitalism or anything deemed as Western

29 Cultural Revolution August, 1966: Deng Xiaoping and his followers were removed from power and imprisoned Late 1960s s: Cultural Revolution became increasingly violent - attacked intellectuals, shopkeepers, religion, etc.

30 What was the position of the U. S
What was the position of the U.S. towards China through the Cultural Revolution? U.S. industries and businesses would benefit from the fall of the CCP Continued to support Chiang Kai-shek Created fear of a Sino-Soviet pact at home In China exploded its first atomic bomb- forced the U.S. to reconsider its policy towards China 1970s - Sino-U.S. relations transformed Secretary of State Henry Kissinger secretly visits China

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