2 The Pilgrims Pilgrims left England because of religious conflict They were Puritans, people who wanted to purify the church of Catholic rituals
3 All Pilgrims were Puritans, not all Puritans were Pilgrims Pilgrims tried the Netherlands first, but ultimately settled on Virginia
4 Plymouth Colony The Pilgrims landed in Massachusetts They created Mayflower Compact.
5 The Pilgrims faced difficult conditions and half of them died in the first three months American Indians, such as Squanto, helped the colonists survive
6 Massachusetts Bay Colony The founders of Mass. Bay did not want to cut all ties with EnglandThey came to provide other Christians with a model of how a society should be, “A city on a hill”
7 Religious DissentA minister named Thomas Hooker founded a colony in the Connecticut ValleyThere his settlers adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, the world’s first written constitution.
8 Anne Hutchinson Pilgrims fled England to practice their own religion Puritans believed only men should preachShe fled to Rhode Island with her family
9 Rhode Island Founded by Roger Williams Williams was banished from Massachusetts for believing Native Americans should be paid for their land
10 Pequot War The Puritans viewed the NA’s as lazy savages War broke out between Colonists and the Pequot tribeThe Colonists destroyed a village of 700 women and children
11 Praying TownsPuritans offered protection to NA’s who agreed to move into a town and accept English life
12 King Phillip’s WarA NA named Metacom, called King Phillip by the colonists, was accused of leading a rebellionStarvation and lack of ammunition defeated the NA’s, who lost most of their land as a result
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