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Exploring Nature unit 5 Great Scientists The father of modern physics.

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring Nature unit 5 Great Scientists The father of modern physics."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Exploring Nature unit 5 Great Scientists

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4 The father of modern physics

5 Charles Darwin Theory: Natural Selection Works: “the Origin of Species”

6 Thomas Edison One of the greatest inventors of the 20 th century

7 Yang Zhenning The Nobel Prize for Physics in 1957

8 Other famous inventors Who invented them?

9 phone

10 Bell

11 Plane

12 The Wright Brothers

13 What made them so great?

14 Scan the text and finish the task: Some Important Information about Einstein 1879 1894 1905 ____ ______________________ ______________________________ __________ ____________________________ He became a professor of physics at the University of Berlin. He began to publish his thoughts. 1914 He attended a polytechnic school in Switzerland. He was born in Germany.

15 1921 After 1933 ____ ____________________________ __________________ ______________________________ ___________ He passed away at the age of 76. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the photoelectric effect. He had to leave Germany and spent the rest of his life teaching in the United States at Princeton University. 1955 Some Important Information about Einstein

16 In chronological order 按照年代顺序

17 Einstein’s Contributions (Para. C- F)  One of Einstein’s theories provided ____ ___________________________________.  In the long course of research he developed ______________________.  His theories also predicted ______________ _____________________________.  His theories led to _________________ _________________________________. an explanation for the photoelectric effect that solid object can be changed into pure energy his theories of relativity the development of nuclear power and the atomic bomb

18 Sections Headings Section One (Para. A & B) Section Two (Para. C ~ F) Section Three (Para. G ~ I) An all-round and modest genius Major achievements and academic theories Early life and interests in mathematics and physics

19 Listen to the tape When you are listening, please underline the new words and phrases in the text.

20 vocabulary  to hold an intense interest or attraction for fascinate  action, activity movement  a quality or an ability that makes a person suitable for a particular position or task qualification

21  the natural force of attraction caused by Earth gravity  the quality or state of being relative relativity  lower in rank; younger junior

22 Text the Father of Modern Physics

23 fascinate vt. 迷住,使吸引 =attract fascinating adj. 吸引人的 =attractive fascinated adj. 被 … 吸引的 =attracted The audience was greatly fascinated by the performance of the children. The little boy is fascinated with computer games. 游客们被西湖的美丽景色迷住了。 be fascinated by 被 … 吸引住 be fascinated with 迷上 … The visitors were fascinated by the beautiful scenery of the West Lake.

24 qualification 资格,条件 qualify v. 使有资格 be qualified for sth./to do sth. After four years of study in the university John had the qualifications for being a lawyer. Although he seems very strong, he doesn’t have the qualifications for pilots. He is not qualified to teach French. 她不适合这个工作。 She is not qualified for this post.

25 carry out 进行,实施 eg. When will you carry out your plan? 我被选出来进行这项试验 I was chosen to carry out the experiment.

26 lead to 导致 This will lead to misunderstanding. All roads lead to Rome.

27 provide sth for sb / provide sb with sth 提供某人某物 父母提供子女衣食。 Parents provide their children with food and clothing.

28 award vt. 颁发,授予 award sb. sth = award sth. to sb. He was awarded the first prize. The gold medal was awarded to the farmer for his fine new species of vegetables.

29 speak out against 充分反对 他常常大胆的表明他反对不公正的事务 He always spoke out against injustice. speak of 谈到,说起 speak highly/well of sb 称赞某人 speak for 代表 … 讲话, 充当 … 的代言人 e.g. I’m ready to decide, but I can’t speak for my colleagues.

30 flee (fled, fled) v. 逃跑,逃离 =run away The enemy fled in disorder. The criminal killed all his roommates and fled the country. (逃往国外) 二次世界大战期间,许多犹太人不得不从德国逃 出来 During the Second World War, many Jewish people had to flee (from) Germany.

31 prediction n. predictable adj. 可预测的,可预言的 The weather reporter predicts that it is going to rain tomorrow. 天气预报员预言明天会下雨。 predict vt. 预言,预测

32 protest v. 抗议,反对 (~ against) He protested against being called a fool. The children protested loudly when they were told to go to bed early.

33 qualification 资格,条件 qualify v. 使有资格 be qualified for sth./to do sth. After four years of study in the university John had the qualifications for being a lawyer. Although he seems very strong, he doesn’t have the qualifications for pilots. He is not qualified to teach French. 她不适合这个工作。 She is not qualified for this post.

34 carry out 进行,实施 eg. When will you carry out your plan? 我被选出来进行这项试验 I was chosen to carry out the experiment.

35 lead to 导致 This will lead to misunderstanding. All roads lead to Rome.

36 provide sth for sb / provide sb with sth 提供某人某物 父母提供子女衣食。 Parents provide their children with food and clothing.

37 award vt. 颁发,授予 award sb. sth = award sth. to sb. He was awarded the first prize. The gold medal was awarded to the farmer for his fine new species of vegetables.

38 speak out against 充分反对 他常常大胆的表明他反对不公正的事务 He always spoke out against injustice. speak of 谈到,说起 speak highly/well of sb 称赞某人 speak for 代表 … 讲话, 充当 … 的代言人 e.g. I’m ready to decide, but I can’t speak for my colleagues.

39 flee (fled, fled) v. 逃跑,逃离 =run away The enemy fled in disorder. The criminal killed all his roommates and fled the country. (逃往国外) 二次世界大战期间,许多犹太人不得不从德国逃 出来 During the Second World War, many Jewish people had to flee (from) Germany.

40 prediction n. predictable adj. 可预测的,可预言的 The weather reporter predicts that it is going to rain tomorrow. 天气预报员预言明天会下雨。 predict vt. 预言,预测

41 protest v. 抗议,反对 (~ against) He protested against being called a fool. The children protested loudly when they were told to go to bed early.

42 be/become/get involved in 参与其中; 卷入;牵涉 The scientist is involved in the new research work. The country is involved in a war and its people are suffering greatly. Mary became involved in their dispute when she tried to give her own opinion. The old lady likes to become involved in everything and know all the details.

43 company n. I should be glad to be your company on the journey. John established a company with his elder brother. 陪伴 公司 词组: keep sb company 陪伴某人 eg. I will not go with you; I’ll stay at home and keep my mother company.

44 much too too much too many a. There are _________ people here. Let’s go to another restaurant. b. This maths problem is _________ difficult for me. I can’t work it out. c. One will never think he has _________ money. 太 … ,修饰形容词或副词 太多 … ,修饰不可数名词 太多 … ,修饰可数名词 too many much too too much

45 leave sth/sb behind 留下,遗落,忘记携带 我忘了带我的行李。 I have left my luggage behind. leave sb/sth alone 不要干涉某人 / 某事 Leave me alone! 别管我!(让我一个人呆着。)

46 a wealth of 大量 (可修饰可数或不可名词) 众多朋友 很多书 丰富的思想 大量的信息 a wealth of friends a wealth of books a wealth of ideas a wealth of information

47 practice

48 Phrases: 出身于犹太家庭 被 … 所吸引 做低级职员的工作 实施,执行 引起,导致 将他的想法公之于众 提供某人某物 上台 充分而坦率的说出 be born of Jewish parents be fascinated by take a post as a junior clerk carry out lead to publish his thoughts provide sth for sb/ provide sb with sth come to power speak out against

49 结果是 纯能源 核能 反对使用核武器 参与了和平运动 郑重对待 去世 留下了丰富的思想 奠定了 … 的基础 as a result pure energy nuclear power protest against nuclear weapons become involved in the peace movement take oneself seriously pass away leave behind a wealth of ideas form the foundation of

50 1 观众被这个男孩的表演所深深吸引。最终他被授予一 等奖。 2 强盗仓皇逃走,留下了他抢来的珠宝。 3 爱因斯坦参与了和平运动并抗议核武器的使用。 (fascinate, award) (flee, jewelry) (be involved in, protest) The audience were fascinated by the performance of the boy. As a result, he was awarded the first prize. The robber fled hurriedly, leaving behind the jewelry that he robbed. Einstein was involved in the peace movement and protested against the nuclear weapons.

51 4 爱因斯坦谦虚、脚踏实地、不自以为是。尽管他逝世了, 但为我们留下了丰富的思想。 5 在 Tom 取得教师资格之后,他在一所重点高中当了一名 数学老师。 (take …seriously) (take a post, key) Einstein was modest and down-to-earth, and didn’t take himself seriously. Though he has passed away, he left behind a wealth of ideas. After gaining the teaching qualification, Tom took a post as a teacher in a key senior school.

52 Workbook grammar B

53 1. Tom realized he was wrong only at that time. Only at that time _________________________________ 2. The scientist hardly had a day off in the long course of his experiment. Hardly______________________________ ____________________________________ did Tom realize he was wrong did the scientist have a day off in the long course of his experiment

54 3. The old lady will never forget those happy days. Never _______________________________ 4. The girl did not start doing her homework until her mother returned. Not until_______________________________ ___________________________________ will the old lady forget those happy days. her mother returned did the girl start doing her homework.

55 5. The young man knew little about the accident. Little ____________________________________ 6. Nowadays young people seldom use pens to write letters. Seldom______________________________ ___________________________________ did the young man know about the accident. do young people use pens to write letters nowadays

56 Translation 1. 落日变化多端的色彩让那些年 轻人都着了迷。 (be fascinated) The young were all fascinated by the changing colors of the setting sun/ sunset.

57 2. 杰克获得中学教师资格后,开 始了他的教学生涯。 (obtain the qualifications for) After Jack obtained the qualification for a high school teacher, he started his teaching career.

58 3. 欢迎任何人对我大胆地说出反 对意见。 (speak out against) Anyone is welcome to speak out against me.

59 4. 几天来我们一直轮流工作, 从未 停止.(take up) In the past few days, we have taken up the work in turn and never stopped.

60 5. 实验以后, 化学老师开始解释媒 燃烧后变成了什么.(change into) After the experiment, the chemistry teacher began to explain what coal changed into after burning.

61 6. 出了聪明之外,汤姆还非常友 善,乐于助人。 (apart from) Apart from being clever, Tom is very kind and ready to help others.

62 7. 李教授花了十几年时间才完成 这篇重要的论文.(spend… doing) Professor Li spent over 10 years (in) completing this important essay.

63 8. 他们花了多少时间才登上山顶 并返回村庄 ? (It takes… to) How long did it take them to climb up to the top of the mountain and return to the village?

64 81.- 85 双新翻译 81. It was these experiments that made her believe that the theory was right. 82. Hawking’s theories were so advanced that it was a long time before they were accepted. Hawing’s theories were soo advanced that it took a long time before they were accepted.

65 83. It was the scientists’ devotion that led to the breakthroughs one after another in the field of science. (one breakthrough after another) 84. What we have seen is always different from what we have heard. 85. What he left behind is a wealth of literature masterpieces, which can stand the test of time. Or. He left behind a wealth of literature masterpieces which can stand the test of time.

66 86. 贝多芬于 1827 年逝世,留下了 许多享誉世界的伟大作品。 (pass away, leave behind) Beethoven passed away in 1827 and left a wealth of masterpieces behind, which are well known to the whole world.

67 87. 连环漫画就是有许多令人发笑 插图的书。 (a wealth of) A comic strip is a book with a wealth of funny illustrations. A comic strip is a book which has a wealth of funny illustrations.

68 88. 正是他的直言不讳地反对过度 开采石油。 (speak out against; excessive exploitation) It was he who spoke out against the excessive exploitation of the oil.

69 89. 随着 2008 年北京奥运会的到来,越 来越多的年轻人加入到各种志愿者活 动中来。 (become involved in) With the coming of the Olympic Games in 2008, more and more young people become involved in a great variety of ( many kinds of) voluntary activities.

70 90. 最后,我终于鼓起勇气参加了 班长竞选。 (screw up one’s courage) Finally, I screwed up my courage to enter for an election for monitor. *enter for 报名参加

71 Dictation: When he was at school, Einstein showed great interest in __1__ and did quite well at it. He gained a teacher’s __2__ in Switzerland and worked as a junior clerk in an office. He spent a lot of time thinking about physics. His __3__ led him to success step by step. When he was 26, he __4__his thoughts, which made him become known in the physics field. In 1921, when he was 42 years old, he was __5__ the Nobel Prize for Physics.

72 Although he was one of the greatest scientists who ever lived, Einstein always took himself as__6__ man. He liked to get together with children, and found much __7__ in simple pastimes. In 1955, when he was 76, he great man died. He left behind a __8__ of ideas that __9__ one of the greatest __10__ of mankind.

73 1. mathematics 6.ordinary 2. qualification 7.pleasure 3. efforts 8.wealth 4. published 9. remains 5. awarded 10. treasures

74 Verbs

75 71. are being rebuilt 72. had taken 表示对过去情况的虚拟,从句用过去 完成时。 “ 要是接受父亲的建议就好 了。 ” 73. to have been caused Cause damage/ damaged be caused 74. being invited 75. goes

76 76. becoming 77.hadn’t seen 表示客观事实, insist 引导的从句不用虚拟 E.g. She insisted that she hadn’t stolen the purse. 表示建议, insist 引导的从句用虚拟 E.g. They insisted that the patient be sent to the hospital at once. 78. to arrive 不定式的动词与被修饰的名次构成主谓关系。 E.g. He was the last person to leave the office. 79. to show 80. caught E.g. get caught, get paid, get fined

77 81. made 82. is taught “ 就前原则 ” : as well as, along with, except, together with, rather than 等 “ 就近原则 ” : not only.. But also, neither… nor, either… or 等 E.g. Either you or he is wrong. “There be –” 句型的谓语动词与最靠近动词的名词 保持一致。 E.g. There is a pen, 2 pencils and a ruler here. 83. is being discussed 84. be easily moulded 做成模型 85. is returned

78 71. was being repaired 72. Seated 73. Not to frighten 74. covered 75. to have studied 76. has been sent 77. (to be) done 78. built

79 79. to be held 80. drying 81. to understand 82. going over 83. will have been explained 84. have just started 85. delivered e.g. get my hair cut/ get the bicycle repaired

80 71. left since 引导的复合句中,主句可用完成时 e.g. It is/ has been a long time since he left. 72. didn’t quite catch e.g. Sorry, I didn’t realize you were sleeping. 73. had finished 74. had known 条件句的虚拟:如表示对过去情况的虚拟, 主句 would+ v. 从句 用过去完成时 75. hadn’t tried

81 76. Finding 表示原因 77. wasting There is no point doing sth. 做 …… 没指望 There is no need to do sth. 没必要做 …… 78. to have written 79. to go 80. printed

82 81. disappointing 82. Hearing e.g. Hearing the news, he burst into tears. e.g. Seeing his parents, the boy jumped up. 83. will have finished 84. had meant 85. Having run 该分词的动作先于谓语表示的动作。

83 71. Not listened  Because he was not listened to, the teacher became very angry. 72. sank 73. being 74. To be answered 75. having arrived

84 76. being held 77. won’t start 提问: 车发动了没有? 回答:还未。 (表示将来) 78. was staring 79. has been done 所有能做的事情已经被做了。 80. devoted

85 81. be put off  Mary suggests that the discussion should be put off and we are all for it. 82. are to blame sb. be to blame for sth. = be responsible for sth. 对某事负责 rather than 谓语动词 “ 就前原则 ” 83. left ( If it is left in a war place, a snow ball melts quickly) 84. being treated 85. raised

86 71. having 72. to be found 73. be left 74. not being 提问:参加了没有? 回答:没参加。(没参加,就不能用完成 时) 75. parked

87 76. catches 77. weighs 表示度量的动词,如 measure, weigh 不用于 被动语态。 78. being invited 79. would be 表示对现在情况的虚拟:主句 would+ v. 80. had made

88 81. repeated 82. to lave 83. came 84. knowing 85. are being repaired

89 71. proved 72. are being spoken 73. understood 74. not having passed 75.living

90 76. had dreamed 77. satisfied 78. manufactured 79. has also undergone 80. worry

91 81. Not having found 82. started 83. caused 84. crying 85. leading

92 71. known 72. forgot 73. founded 74. would be 表示对现在情况的虚拟:主句 would+ v. ; 从句 were+ n. 但本题的从句部分表示对过去情况的虚拟,因 而用了过去完成时 75. couldn’t have passed But for 要不是(虚拟)

93 76. weighed 77.weighed 表示度量的动词,如 measure, weigh 不用于 被动语态。 78. pretending… to understand to have understood when you haven’t. 79. paid 80. limited 有限的

94 81. to be held 82. needed any time when it is needed 83. being operated 84. to be given 85. to get what was the way to get enough money?


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