Mythic Heroes – ‘cluster’ specifications Miraculous birth, early threats Disinheritance and/or powerful enemy Quest(s) – impossible tasks requiring strength and courage Helpers – often divine Inability to handle women Difficulty controlling passions Egocentricity
Ovid’s transitions up to the Calydonian Boar Pandion died and Erectheus became king of Athens. One daughter was taken by Boreas (North Wind) who had sons Zetes & Calais who had wings and sailed with Jason. Erectheus’ second daughter, Procris, married Cephalus of Athens. Jason and Medea – voyage of the Argonauts Medea flees to Athens Theseus in Athens– Athens at war with Crete Athens’ alliance with Aegina, nearby island *Story of plague on Aegina and ‘Ant-people’ (Myrmidons) *Story of Cephalus’ javelin and Laelaps the hunting hound – Cephalus and his wife, Procris Minos, King of Crete, at war with Nisus Minos and Daedalus, who escaped with Icarus from Crete Theseus’ help sought in Calydon against boar Calydonian boar and Meleager
Origin of Golden Fleece Boeotian king, Athamas, married “Nephele” (Cloud) Two children – Helle and Phrixus 2 nd wife, Ino, plotted against first children and arranged they should be sacrificed to end drought Helle & Phrixus escaped on back of flying Golden Ram Helle fell off in what came to be the Hellespont Phrixus arrived in Colchis, sacrificed the ram, and gave the fleece to Aeetes, King of Colchis and father of Medea
King of Iolcus (inThessaly) died. He had two sons – Pelias (stepson) and Aeson Pelias took throne Aeson sent his son, Jason, to Chiron,the centaur, for rearing and safekeeping Pelias was warned to beware of stranger with one sandal Jason, grown, came to Iolcus and met Juno on the way, losing His sandal Pelias arranged to send Jason After golden fleece.
Argonauts Ship was built by a craftsman named Argos, using beam from oak of Jupiter at Dodona. Ship named ‘Argo’. Heroes of the day joined the crew: Orpheus, Heracles, Castor & Polydeuces (sons of Jupiter), Zetes & Calais (sons of Boreas, the North Wind) Stops – Lemnos (women), Cios (Hylas lost), Thrace (Phineus & Harpies), Clashing Rocks—on way to far end of Black Sea
Voyage of the Argonauts from Iolcus to Colchis and back (the long way around)
Jason and his men.
Aeetes, King of Colchis Gave Jason two tasks: (1) yoke the bronze-hooved, fire-breathing bull and (2) plow a field and sow dragon’s teeth Medea, a witch and daughter of the king, feel in love with Jason and helped him with every task using her magic and knowledge of herbs. Jason also had to lull to sleep the dragon that guarded the fleece
Jason fighting the men grown from dragon’s teeth.
Jason after the gold fleece – Minerva as helper
Jason using a charm against the dragon that guarded the fleece. Medea provided a sleeping potion for the dragon.
Jason & Medea escaped with the fleece Returning to Iolcus, Medea killed King Pelias Jason and Medea fled to Corinth, where Jason married the daughter of the King of Corinth Medea, angry, killed her sons by Jason and fled to Athens Medea was taken in by the King of Athens, Aegeus, and had one son by him, Medus.
Theseus, hero of Athens Son of Aegeus (or Poseidon?) by Aethra, who lived in the northern Peloponessus When Theseus was grown, he lifted a stone to find the sandals and sword left by his father He made his way to Athens, competing 6 heroic deeds along the route (defeating Periphetes, Sinis, Sow, Sciron, Cercyon, and Procrustes) and making his reputation Theseus lifting rock.
Theseus’ journey from Troezen, where his mother, Aethra, was princess, to Athens to claim his birthright from his father, Aegeus, King of Athens. There were six events on the trip.
Theseus defeating Periphetes with his club Theseus tying Sinis to his own tree Theseus and man-eating sow Theseus defeating Sciron by throwing him off a cliff
Theseus wrestling Cercyron Theseus fitting Procrustes to his bed
When Theseus came to Athens Medea attempted to poison him, but failed Medea and her son fled to Asia Theseus was accepted as the heir to King Aegeus Killed the Minotaur, monster of Crete, to whom Athenian youths and maidens were sacrificed as tribute to Minos Theseus was helped by Ariadne, Minos’ daughter In their flight from Crete, he left her on an island where she was found by Bacchus, who married her Theseus meets his father, Aegeus, King of Athens
Theseus and Minotaur in the Labyrinth – Theseus and Ariadne in foreground
In war between Crete and Athens, both sought the island of Aegina as an ally.
Stories Told on Aegina Aeacus, King of Aegina, tells about the plague and the Myrmidons (Ant-people) Cephalus, the Athenian, tells about his wife, Procris, daughter of Erectheus, King of Athens, and her fate at his hands.
Illustration of plague on Aegina
Aegina repopulated by ants (Myrmidons)
Cephalus approached by Aurora (goddess of Dawn – Eos to Greeks) who loves him. He refuses to give up his wife, Procris.
Reunion of Cephalus and his wife, Procris, who gives him the divine javelin and special hunting dog, Laelaps, gifts to her from Diana.