Presentation on theme: "American West Revision Topic 2: Early Pioneers Topic 3: Mormons."— Presentation transcript:
American West Revision Topic 2: Early Pioneers Topic 3: Mormons
Topic 2: The Early Pioneers Who were the mountain men? Why had tens of thousands of white farmers travelled across the Plains by 1850?
Topic 2: The Early Pioneers Who were the 49ers? Why did they travel to California? What problems did they encounter? How did they solve some of their problems? What were mining towns like? What happened after 1852?
Sample Exam Question 1 Some examples: Diseases for example Camp Fever, Accidents, Indian attacks Cayuse and Sagars in 1847, problems of Winter shown in Donner Party, length of time to cross
The Mormons Why were the Mormons unpopular in Kirtland, Missouri and Nauvoo? In Kirtland the Mormons were unpopular because... – Smith said that he and his followers were God’s chosen people – The Mormons believed in hardwork and this made them very successful – Smith set up a bank for Mormons and non-Mormons. The bank collapsed in 1837 and people lost their savings The Mormons were chased out of Kirtland and moved to Missouri but... – The Mormons were against slavery – The Mormons were not unfriendly towards the Indians The Mormons fled Missouri and settled in Nauvoo in Illinois, here they became unpopular because... – Smith announced that men could marry more than one wife. In 1844 Joseph Smith was put in jail. A mob broke in and murdered him.
The Mormons Why were the Mormons able to settle successfully in the West? It was far enough away that they wouldn’t face persecution Leadership of Brigham Young – Journey and once there Land was shared out fairly – each family got a plot. The largest families got the largest plot. Laws were made that no one could own the land An irrigation system was built to provide everyone with fresh water. Each person was given an exact time when they were able to draw water from the ditch. Each town built in Utah was given a carefully planned broad range of settlers Young sent Missionaries to the east coast and Europe to persuade others to join the Mormons – The Perpetual Emigrating Fund was set up to give money and equipment to people travelling to join the Mormons. Compromise after Mountain Meadows Massacre