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Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Objectives Discover the role that African Americans played in the American Revolution. Find out how the war affected.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Objectives Discover the role that African Americans played in the American Revolution. Find out how the war affected."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Objectives Discover the role that African Americans played in the American Revolution. Find out how the war affected women and other civilians. Learn about the progress of the fighting on the western frontier and at sea.

2 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Terms and People enlist – sign up for duty civilian – person not in the military continental – paper money printed by the Continental Congress George Rogers Clark – Virginian who led American troops against the British on the western frontier

3 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Terms and People (continued) Bernardo de G á lvez – governor of Louisiana who played a major role in Spanish attacks against the British John Paul Jones – American naval commander who won a key battle against the British privateer – armed civilian ship given its government ’ s permission to attack enemy ships and keep their goods

4 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens How did the effects of the war widen? While Continental soldiers faced battle in the thirteen colonies, many people in other places also felt the war ’ s effects. American Revolution Native Americans African Americans Women Western settlers

5 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens African Americans fought on both sides during the American Revolution. African Americans PatriotsBritish

6 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Some enslaved people also supported the Americans after escaping from their owners. Free African Americans fought for the Patriots from the beginning, seeing action at several key battles. Lexington and Concord Bunker Hill Saratoga

7 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens If they fought for the British, however, enslaved people were offered something of immense value. Freedom To gain their freedom, thousands of enslaved Americans fled their owners and joined the British.

8 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens At first, George Washington refused to accept African American soldiers. Washington reversed his policy, however, after so many African Americans began to join the British forces. By the end of the war, more than 7,000 African Americans had fought for the Patriots.

9 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Women, too, were affected by the war, often taking on new responsibilities. Men who enlisted were away for at least one year At home, women: planted crops tended livestock ran businesses

10 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Some women followed their husbands into battle. They provided supplies, food, and water. They cared for the wounded. Some, like Molly Pitcher, stepped in to fight when her husband fell.

11 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Soldiers and civilians alike were affected by the financial burdens of paying for the war. Congress printed continentals to pay expenses, but the money soon lost its value. Congress had no power to tax, and the states had little money. Amount printed Continental Value

12 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Those on the western frontier also felt the war ’ s effects. Most Native Americans sided with the British, fearing an American victory would bring more settlers onto their lands. British Native Americans

13 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Many Indian groups, however, were bitterly divided about which side to support. Some split into warring factions. Native Americans Infighting Western raids Smallpox A deadly epidemic added to the crushing effects of war.

14 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens George Rogers Clark pushed west to strike British forts on the frontier. Clark won key battles against the British and their Native American allies. These victories allowed settlers to remain on the frontier.

15 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Clark and other Americans were given help by the Spanish, who declared war on Britain in Patriots Spanish

16 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Bernardo de G á lvez, the governor of Louisiana, played a key role in Spanish attacks that captured British forts along the Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico. British Spanish G á lvez also gave refuge to American ships in New Orleans harbor.

17 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens The Americans needed the help. Their small navy was no match for the British fleet, which dominated the seas. Thirteen colonies British ships blockaded most American ports

18 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens A much-needed naval victory was won off the English coast when John Paul Jones refused to give up a long and difficult fight, forcing a British ship to surrender. Privateers also helped the Americans, seizing supplies and goods from British merchant ships.

19 Chapter 6 Section 3 The War Widens Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


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