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Russia: Reform & Reaction 10.5. Conditions in Russia Russia-great world power – “colossus” (giant) – Despite size, economically & socially underdeveloped.

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Presentation on theme: "Russia: Reform & Reaction 10.5. Conditions in Russia Russia-great world power – “colossus” (giant) – Despite size, economically & socially underdeveloped."— Presentation transcript:

1 Russia: Reform & Reaction 10.5

2 Conditions in Russia Russia-great world power – “colossus” (giant) – Despite size, economically & socially underdeveloped – Rigid social structure- serfs

3 Orthodoxy, Autocracy, & Nationalism Attempts to “Russify” Russia Persecution of minorities Russia had acquired a large Jewish population (former Poland/Ukraine) Official persecution- Pogroms (violent mob attacks)- many fled Russia

4 Russian Absolutism Ruled by czars (kings) with absolute power -Alexander I ( )-Nicholas I ( ) -Alexander II ( )-Alexander III ( ) -Nicholas II ( )

5 Decembrist Revolt (1825) Led by group of army officers who learned liberal ideas fighting Napoleon Books were banned & those with liberal ideas exiled or hospitalized Nicholas I- “Orthodoxy, Autocracy, & Nationalism”

6 Reforms of Alexander II Emancipated the serf Trial by jury Reformed military Local government – Zemstvos- elected assemblies responsible for local matters (road repair, schools)

7 Reaction to Change Many still dissatisfied-socialists spread ideas “People’s Will” assassinated Alexander II Alexander III reacts with harsh methods – “Russification” of non-Russians, especially Jews Pogroms- violent mob attacks on Jews – Many Russians fled to U.S.

8 Bloody Sunday Russian army suffered defeats Discontent is unleashed Father George Gapon- “Little Father” – Called for a march to demonstrate the sufferings to the czar – Sunday Jan. 22, 1905 – Troops shot demonstrators, killing any trust in the czar

9 Revolution of 1905 Bloody Sunday sparks revolts across Russia Forced Nicholas to issue reforms – October Manifesto-promises freedoms – Summons a Duma (elected nat’l assembly) – Divided revolutionaries

10 Results Nicholas II soon dissolves Duma New Prime Minister-Peter Stolypin – Harsh tactics to restore order – Regain support by issuing reforms, but too limited – Assassinated in 1911 Russia still an autocracy filled with unrest


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