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How the Turks Saved Turkey. The Turks First known from Chinese accounts First known use of “Turk” in 6th century Arrived in Anatolia late 11 th century.

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Presentation on theme: "How the Turks Saved Turkey. The Turks First known from Chinese accounts First known use of “Turk” in 6th century Arrived in Anatolia late 11 th century."— Presentation transcript:

1 How the Turks Saved Turkey

2 The Turks First known from Chinese accounts First known use of “Turk” in 6th century Arrived in Anatolia late 11 th century Altaic language related to Mongolian –Not related to European languages –Not related to Arabic Agglutinative language: forms words by repeated addition of endings (compare English “friendliness”)

3 The Turkish Language Bulmak = find Bulunmak = to be found Bulunduk = having been found Bulundugunuz = your having been found Yer = place Bulundugunuz yer = The your-having-been-found place = You are here

4 Ottoman Empire 1400

5 Ottoman Empire 1460

6 Aya Sofia, Istanbul

7 Ottoman Empire 1520

8 Ottoman Empire 1566

9 Ottoman Empire 1683

10 Ottoman Empire 1690

11 An Ottoman Ottoman

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13 Ottoman Empire 1700

14 Ottoman Empire 1750

15 Ottoman Empire 1830

16 Ottoman Empire 1880

17 Ottoman Empire 1913

18 The Young Turks Mehmed Talat Pasha – prime minister İsmail Enver Pasha – minister of war Ahmed Djemal Pasha – minister of navy Effectively ruled Empire during First World War Allied with Germany during World War I Fled Empire after the war

19 Ottoman Empire 1918

20 Turkish History in One Picture

21 Dardanelles at Canakkale

22 Gallipoli Peninsula

23 Carving Up Turkey

24 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

25 Megali Idea

26 Post-Ottoman Changes Sultan deposed 1922 Caliphate and Sharia abolished 1924 Language Reforms 1930’s –Adoption of modified Roman Alphabet –Purge of Arabic and Persian words Islam no longer official religion Women gain vote and right to hold office 1934

27 Pluses and Minuses Upside –Turkey deliberately aligns with the West –Long-overdue reforms enacted –Dramatic increase in literacy Downside –Language reforms made Ottoman literature inaccessible –Distorted historical model sometimes used to justify reforms

28 21 st Century Europe

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