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Nation and Memory in Eastern Europe Lecture 7 Ukrainian History I Week 8.

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Presentation on theme: "Nation and Memory in Eastern Europe Lecture 7 Ukrainian History I Week 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nation and Memory in Eastern Europe Lecture 7 Ukrainian History I Week 8

2 Lord’s prayer in Russian Отче наш Отче наш, Иже еси на небесех! Да святится имя Твое, да приидет Царствие Твое,да будет воля Твоя,яко на небеси и на земли.Хлеб наш насущный даждь нам днесь;и остави нам долги наша,якоже и мы оставляем должником нашим;и не введи нас во искушение,но избави нас от лукаваго. Аминь. Lord’s prayer in Ukrainian Отче наш Отче наш, Ти що єси на небесах,нехай святится ім'я Твоє,нехай прийде царство Твоє,нехай буде воля Твоя,як на небі, так і на землі.Хліб наш насущний, дай нам, днесь,і прости нам довги наші,як і ми прощаємо довжникам нашимі не введи нас у спокусу,а ізбави нас від лукавого.Бо Твоє є царство,і силa і слава, на віки. Амінь. Lord’s prayer in Polish Ojcze Nasz Ojcze nasz, któryś jest w niebieświęć się imię Twoje;przyjdź królestwo Twoje;bądź wola Twoja jako w niebie tak i na ziemi;chleba naszego powszedniego daj nam dzisiaj;i odpuść nam nasze winy, jako i my odpuszczamy naszym winowajcom;i nie wódź nas na pokuszenie;ale nas zbaw od złego. Amen Lord’s prayer in Lithuanian Tėve Mūsų Tėve Mūsų, kuris esi danguje!Teesie šventas tavo vardas,teateinie tàvo karalystėTeesie tàvo valià,Kaip danguje, taip ir žemėje.Kasdienes mūsų dúonos dúok mùms šiañdienir atlèisk mums mūsų kaltès,kaip ir mes atleidžiame sàvo kaltiniñkams.Ir neléisk mūsų gùndyti,Bet gelbėk mus nuo pikto. Amen.

3 Outline 1.Medieval traditions: the Principality of Kyiv 2. The Cossacks and the Hetmanate 3. Halychyna (Galicia) and the Ruthenians 4. Conclusion

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5 The Rus‘ and Ukrainian History 839 First mention of Rus’ in Western chronicles 877 Prince Oleh of Novgorod shifts the capital of Rus’ from Novgorod to Kyiv (Ukrainian: Киϊв, Russian: Kiev – Киев) 988 Official Christianisation of Kyiv Rus’: Prince Volodymyr the Great accepts Orthodoxy and marries Byzantine Princess Anna 1027 Construction of Svyata Sofia (St. Sophia) Cathedral in Kyiv 1113 Volodymyr Monomach – the last of the great princes of Kyiv 1155 – 1169 Destruction of Kyiv by Andrey Bogoliubsky, prince of Vladimir-Suzdal 1187 “Ukraine” first used to describe Kyiv and Halychyna lands 1238 Danylo Halytsky becomes Prince of Halychyna, unites Halychyna with Kyiv 1240 Tatars capture Kyiv

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7 Outline 1.Medieval traditions: the Kievan Rus 2. The Cossacks and the Hetmanate 4. Halychyna (Galicia) and the Ruthenians 5. Conclusion

8 Cossack (ukr. Kozak) is derived from the Turkic kazak (free man), meaning anyone who could not find his appropriate place in society and went into the steppes, where he acknowledged no authority. By the end of the 15 th c. the name acquired a wider sense and was applied to those who went to the steppes In the mid 16 th c. the Cossack structure in the Zaporizhia was created – steppe settler’s struggle against Tatar raids 1569 Union of Lublin between Poland and Lithuania, “Wild Field” now belongs to Polish crown Growth of cossackdom after Polish magnates established manorial system of agriculture (freedom of movement was limited, corvee was expanded) – profitable grain trade: many peasants fled to steppe

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10 Cossack (ukr. Kozak) is derived from the Turkic kazak (free man), meaning anyone who could not find his appropriate place in society and went into the steppes, where he acknowledged no authority. By the end of the 15 th c. the name acquired a wider sense and was applied to those who went to the steppes In the mid 16 th c. the Cossack structure in the Zaporizhia was created – steppe settler’s struggle against Tatar raids 1569 Union of Lublin between Poland and Lithuania, “Wild Field” now belongs to Polish crown Growth of cossackdom after Polish magnates established manorial system of agriculture (freedom of movement was limited, corvee was expanded) – profitable grain trade: many peasants fled to steppe Dilemma for Polish crown: cossacks needed to defend the steppe frontier, threat to Polish magnates and nobility – register cossacks (first 300, later 6,000, than 8,000). Crown tries to appoint leaders (elder, colonels) 1596 Union of Brest – Uniate Church 1590 First Cossack uprising, several more uprisings until 1638 After uprisings of the 1630’s register was significantly decreased 1637 Petro Mohyla establishes a Collegium in Kyiv 1648 Beginning of Cossack uprising, led by Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky in alliance with Tatars from Crimea, several victories over Polish army

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14 Cossack wedding, Painting by Jozef Brandt

15 The Hetmanate 1654 Khmel’nytsky signs Pereyaslav treaty with Muscovy 1663 Hetman of left bank Ukraine in coalition with Russia; Hetman from right bank – against Russia 1667 Peace treaty of Andrusovo between Moscow and Poland – left bank Ukraine to Russia

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17 The Hetmanate 1654 Khmel’nytsky signs Pereyaslav treaty with Muscovy 1663 Hetman of left bank Ukraine in coalition with Russia; Hetman from right bank – against Russia 1667 Peace treaty of Andrusovo between Moscow and Poland – left bank Ukraine to Russia 1685 Kyiv Orthodox Church Metropolitan becomes a division of Moscow Metropolitan 1709 Battle of Poltava, Hetman Mazepa in alliance with Charles XII defeated by Peter the Great 1722 First Ukrainian Hetman appointed by Russian Tsar 1772 First partition of Poland 1775 Zaporiz’ka (Zaporizhian) Sich destroyed by Russians 1780 End of Hetmanate

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19 Outline 1.Medieval traditions: the Kievan Rus 2. The Cossacks and the Hetmanate 3. Halychyna and the Ruthenians 4. Conclusion

20 Halychyna 1387 Kazimierz III (the Great) integrates Halychyna into Polish Kingdom 1596 Union of Brest

21 Ruthenians (Rusyny) Territory: East Galicia (Eastern part of crownland Galicia and Lodomeria), Northern Bukowina, Carpathian mountains (all part of the Austrian Empire) Religion: Greek-Catholic (Uniate) Vernacular: Ruthenian (west Ukrainian dialect) Social structure: overwhelming majority are peasants Elite: Greek-Catholic priests and a small stratum of secular intelligentsia

22 Halychyna 1387 Kazimierz III (the Great) integrates Halychyna into Polish Kingdom 1596 Union of Brest 1648 and 1655 Siege of L’viv by cossack troops Bohdan Khmelnytsky with Tugaj Bej, Painting by Jan Matejko, 1885

23 Halychyna 1387 Kazimierz III (the Great) integrates Halychyna into Polish Kingdom 1596 Union of Brest 1648 and 1655 Siege of L’viv by Khmelnytsky 1772 First partition of Poland – Halychyna to Austria 1793 Second partition of Poland – right bank Ukraine to Russia

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26 Outline 1.Medieval traditions: the Kievan Rus 2. The Cossacks and the Hetmanate 3. Halychyna and the Ruthenians 4. Conclusion

27 Contested Kyivan Rus' Contested state traditions Contested culture Ukraine – a 'historic' or an 'unhistoric' nation?


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