Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Human Rights Watch Practicum 2008 Accountability in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Argentina Adrian Weisell Dustin Friedman Laetitia Pactat.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Human Rights Watch Practicum 2008 Accountability in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Argentina Adrian Weisell Dustin Friedman Laetitia Pactat."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Rights Watch Practicum 2008 Accountability in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Argentina Adrian Weisell Dustin Friedman Laetitia Pactat

2 The Conflict between Impunity and Accountability Impunity ▫ Fosters post-conflict reconstruction and reconciliation ▫ Promotes more rapid end to conflict ▫ Validates human rights violations as not punishable Accountability ▫ Fosters justice through legal recourse ▫ Encourages long term stability through affirmation of governing institutions ▫ Politically and legally complicated

3 Arguments Supporting Accountability Deterrence Retribution Marginalization Incapacitation Rule of Law Establishing Historical Record images/justice.gif

4 Conflict and Atrocities in Afghanistan Indiscriminate bombing and targeting of civilians Summary Executions Ethnic Cleansings Destruction of Rural Economy

5 Bonn Agreement and Consequences Legitimized factional power structures Established System of Impunity and contradiction Tony Karon

6 Afghanistan: Is Accountability Possible? Harnessing accountability: ▫ Historical Record ▫ Rule of Law ▫ Cultural Currency, i.e. Pashtunwali

7 Atrocities and Violations in Kosovo Ethnic Cleansing Gender-Based Violence Destruction of Civilian Property Legacy of Impunity Dustin Friedman

8 The Human Toll 860,000+ Kosovo expelled or fled 245,300 Kosovo Serbs and Roma fled in fear of or response to reprisals 10,000 Kosovo Albanians killed in massacres and executions 1,500 Kosovo Serbs and Roma killed by NATO bombardment 3,500+ disappeared, 1,613 still missing Dustin Friedman

9 Kosovo: Accountability towards Justice Links in the Accountability Chain: Marginalization Incapacitation Historical Record Deterrence Retribution Rule of Law Dustin Friedman

10 Argentina’s Dirty War Human Rights Violations: ▫ Desaparecidos ▫ Arbitrary Detention ▫ Torture ▫ Extrajudicial Executions 9,000-30,000 Victims

11 Cycles of Amnesty and Accountability 1984: CONADEP Comisi ó n Nacional sobre la Desaparici ó n de Personas report Nunca M á s Trials of high-raking officers 1986 : Ley de Punto Final 1987: Ley de Obediencia Debida 1990: Menem ’ s Pardons

12 Final Accountability in Argentina 2005 Positive Outcomes of Accountability: Rule of Law and Establishing a Historical Record Works in Progress: Deterrence and Retribution

13 Conclusion Time Domestic Support International Pressure Institutions Advocating Rule of Law Political Will

14 Thank You


Download ppt "Human Rights Watch Practicum 2008 Accountability in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Argentina Adrian Weisell Dustin Friedman Laetitia Pactat."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google