Presentation on theme: "Social Inequalities in the USA - HOUSING"— Presentation transcript:
1Social Inequalities in the USA - HOUSING Modern StudiesSocial Inequalities in the USA - HOUSING
2Introduction - housing Housing can have a huge impact on a person’s quality of life.Housing depends on wealth – if someone is living in poverty they are more likely to live in a poorer area with poor quality housing.Crime is much more common in poorer areas.Poor housing is linked to poorer levels of health.
3Housing and the White Flight White Flight – in many major US cities there are distinct areas where most of the people are of the same ethnic groups – so called ‘vanilla suburbs’.This is because people have decided to separate themselves i.e. segregate themselves.
4The White Flight Areas becomes run down Cities became Minorities movedto the cities in search forwork & escape racismBeing poor,they found housingin the cheapest areasMany better offwhites ‘fled’ the cities &settled in the suburbsAreas becomesrun downCities becamepoorer because ‘tax dollars’went to the suburbsCity has less moneyto spend onservices like schoolsMany businesses closeddown or moved away
5Middle class black flight From the 1960s onwards, many ethnic minorities became “middle class.”They had good jobs and they too “fled” to the suburbs.This is known as the “middle class black flight.”The pattern of US cities look something a little like this:
6A Model of US Cities INNER CITIES Majority of African Americans & Hispanicslive here.Blacks refer to itas the ghetto.Hispanics refer to it asthe barrio.Minorities Middle Class Flight: Blacks and Hispanics with good jobs move to the suburbs.White Flight: less than 1/3 live in inner cities.The majority live in the suburbs.Businesses Leave:the area becomes poorer.
7Segregated housingIn the USA housing is very segregated – this means that the different racial groups tend to live apart.Blacks and Hispanics tend to be concentrated in inner city areas due to poverty.Rich whites and Asians live in the high class suburbs.
8Inner city areas - Ghettos Ghettos – inner city areas - are areas of poor housing and will often have the poorest people living in them. As Black and Hispanic people tend to be poorer, areas such as the Bronx have a high percentage of ethnic minorities.The South Bronx
9Conditions in the Ghettos 9.3 million Americans live in overcrowded or physically inadequate.Housing is run-down with poorly lit streets & few local shops.Streets are not cleaned regularly – rats and cockroaches are common.Play parks are vandalised and children play in the street.Mainly Blacks and Hispanics live here.
10Middle-class suburbsWisteria Lane in Desperate Housewives – although fictional – is a good example of middle class suburbs.As people in the white and black middle classes have gotten richer, they have moved out of the inner cities into the outskirts – suburbs.Not all people in the suburbs are white. There are white suburbs and black suburbs.
11Conditions in the suburbs Detached houses with gardens.Tree-lined, well lit streets.Good schools with modern equipment and well staffed schools.Parents drive children around or they have their own cars once they can drive.
12High class suburbs Mainly whites live here. Only the very rich live here e.g. Hollywood stars.High fences and security gates.Large gardens with pools.Houses have alarms, video cameras, private security forces patrolling the streets.Huge houses.
13Unemployed or working in low paid jobs. The Cycle of PovertyMinority children borninto poor conditionsThen they have kids of their ownFailure in School - leave with no qualificationsFew positive role models inthe community – crime andgangs are commonUnemployed or working in low paid jobs.Can’t afford to fleeto the suburbsSufferdiscrimination
14Home ownership rates Ethnic Group 2010 White 74.4% Black 45.4% Hispanic47.5%API58.9%Native Americans52.3%
15QuestionThere are inequalities in housing between different ethnic groups in the USA.Describe, in detail, two inequalities in housing between different ethnic groups in the USA. (4 marks)