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Religious Reasons -Henry VIII begins the Anglican Church- WHY? -Reformers want to rid the church of all Roman Catholic traditions - The church had become.

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Presentation on theme: "Religious Reasons -Henry VIII begins the Anglican Church- WHY? -Reformers want to rid the church of all Roman Catholic traditions - The church had become."— Presentation transcript:

1 Religious Reasons -Henry VIII begins the Anglican Church- WHY? -Reformers want to rid the church of all Roman Catholic traditions - The church had become politcal in their opinion -Puritans wanted to purify the Church of England - Separate church and state and immune priests in eyes of the law individual and congregational control of religion

2 Pilgrims- means religious journeyman -Pilgrims also called Separatists because they wanted to practice their own religion -Plymouth Mass Mayflower Compact set up direct democracy for the colony -colony struggled but received Indian help to grow crops Thanksgiving Squanto (Wampanoag, Pawtuxet) -William Bradford- founder and governor Pilgrim leader “ Of Plymouth Plantation ”- written history of the Pilgrims /topics/william- bradford/videos/decons tructing-history- mayflower /topics/william- bradford/videos/pilgrim s-in-america

3 Pilgrims -Pilgrims also called Separatists because they wanted to practice their own religion -Plymouth Mass Mayflower Compact set up direct democracy for the colony -colony struggled but received Indian help to grow crops Thanksgiving Squanto -William Bradford Pilgrim leader “ Of Plymouth Plantation ”

4 Pilgrims -Pilgrims also called Separatists because they wanted to practice their own religion -Plymouth Mass Mayflower Compact set up direct democracy for the colony -colony struggled but received Indian help to grow crops Thanksgiving Squanto -William Bradford Pilgrim leader “ Of Plymouth Plantation ”

5 Mayflower Summary

6 Massachusetts Bay Company -Puritans- purify the church from within Settle at Salem (Near Boston Mass) -John Winthrop- leader -City on a Hill be an example to the world -connection between church and state, full citizenship only to church members -strict adherence to Puritan rules

7 How the states got their shapes from Puritans and Pilgrims

8 Puritan Dissent -Roger Williams Separation of Church and State People should be able to practice what they want exiled from the colony fled and founded Providence R.I. -Anne Hutchinson belief in individual worship believed salvation was given by God, not earned through a moral life banished in famous trial fled to R.I.

9 Puritan Dissent -Roger Williams Separation of Church and State exiled from the colony fled and founded Providence R.I. -Anne Hutchinson belief in individual worship banished in famous trial fled to R.I.

10 Indian Resistance -some cooperation but short lived -disease, land, and religion caused disputes. Colonists believed they had a God-given right to the land -Pequot War, 1637 massacre of Indians, over 700, several villages burned, captives sold into slavery abroad -King Philip ’ s War (Pokunoket Chief Metacom) lots of deaths on both sides but colonists win and Indian resistance fades. 14 months long, 12 towns burned

11 New Netherlands -Henry Hudson -Englishman sailing for the Dutch -Explored the Hudson R. and Hudson Bay areas -Dutch found colony at New Netherland or New Amsterdam -lots of different immigrants -religious freedom -English take colony in renamed New York -Part of the region divided into the colony of New Jersey


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