Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15.1 Citizenship Though the Constitution guarantees freedoms to all people in this country, becoming a full participant in the U.S. democratic."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 15.1 Citizenship Though the Constitution guarantees freedoms to all people in this country, becoming a full participant in the U.S. democratic system requires citizenship.
What is citizenship? Citizenship –the state of being a citizen of a particular social, political, or national community –Comes with civic responsibilities Understanding and obeying the law Respecting the rights of others Paying taxes Voting
How do you become a citizen? 3 ways to become a citizen: 1.Be born to U.S. citizens anywhere and claim U.S. citizenship 1.Be born in the U.S. or a territory of the U.S. 1.Naturalization
My parents are American, so that makes me American!! Congress has allowed a person born in a foreign country to become a U.S. citizen –IF either Mom or Dad is American. –Called jus sanguinis “law of the blood”
Are there limitations to children born in other countries to American parents? YES! –A child who has 1 parent who is a U.S. citizen: only becomes a citizen if that parent is a U.S. citizen, plus… –Parent had to live in U.S. for 5 years as an adult over 14 –To maintain citizenship, child must move to America and live there for at least 2 years between the ages of 14 and 28.
What if I’m born in a U.S. territory? YES! –If you are born to American citizens in Panama Guam American Samoan Islands Virgin Islands YOU ARE A CITZEN! Called “jus soli” –Law of the soil
What if I’m born here, but my parents are from another country? Yes! –You are a citizen of the U.S.A. You can claim dual citizenship –U.S. citizenship + parents’ country’s citizenship
Is there another way to gain citizenship? Yep! –Called naturalization. Legal process by which immigrants become citizens. –Why on Earth would someone want to become American?
Why come to America? In the beginning, –We simply wanted freedom!
Then, we built a nation based on “freedoms” People wanted to come to U.S. to find a better life for them and their families! Why? –Because not everywhere is as good as America.
Birth of New York Thank goodness for the Irish…. –Helped develop the work ethic of our nations capital! –Also developed the 5 burroughs on NY! Bronx Manhattan Brooklyn Queens Staten Island –Why did they come? Potato Famine
Over the next 100 years, Europe tried destroying itself….twice!
Immigrants fled to America to flee: War in own countries! –Over 100 million people migrated to U.S. from 1914 to 1945
Immigrants fled to America to flee: Jobs! –America was growing too fast and didn’t have enough workers! –Thank goodness for immigrants!
Immigrants fled to America to flee: Land! –Most of America was still being developed! –Between 1900 and 1950 This is when most of the Midwest became heavily populated! Why was their country so bad?
Because it was overpopulated!
Immigrants fled to America to flee: Safety –Most people just want a chance of a better life… –Shouldn’t we give people that chance? –Since we came here on a chance ourselves?