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Muhammad in the bible The Commission of His Prophethood (The First Revelation) The Commission of His Prophethood (The First Revelation) His Migration.

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Presentation on theme: "Muhammad in the bible The Commission of His Prophethood (The First Revelation) The Commission of His Prophethood (The First Revelation) His Migration."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Muhammad in the bible The Commission of His Prophethood (The First Revelation) The Commission of His Prophethood (The First Revelation) His Migration (The Hijrah) His Migration (The Hijrah) His Night Journey (Sudden trip to Jerusalem) His Night Journey (Sudden trip to Jerusalem) His First Victory (the Battle of Badr) His First Victory (the Battle of Badr) His Great Triumph (the opening of Mecca) His Great Triumph (the opening of Mecca) His Farwell Pilgrimage (Sealing of the Message) His Farwell Pilgrimage (Sealing of the Message) Every Major Event of His Life:

3 The Holy Qur’an (95:1-3) The Holy Qur’an (95:1-3) 3 Locations - referring to 3 Revelations - sent to 3 Different Prophets of God #1 - #2 - #3 - The gospel given to Jesus Christ The torah given to Moses The Qur ' ân given to Muhammad 1. By the Fig and the Olive 2. By Mount Sinai 3. By This City of Security وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِوَطُورِ سِينِينَوَهَذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ

4 And he (Moses) said, The Lord came from Sinai, Mount *Sinai = Torah of Moses Valley of *Seir = A Mountain in Palestine near the village of Bethlehem. Mount *Paran = Place or location where God’s Light (i.e. His Revelation) will come again to the World. God’s (new) “Fiery Law” will be established “for them” (i.e. the people in Paran) when “He” - comes with 10,000 saints -[“ Holy Ones ” RSV] Mount *Sinai = Torah of Moses Valley of *Seir = A Mountain in Palestine near the village of Bethlehem. Mount *Paran = Place or location where God’s Light (i.e. His Revelation) will come again to the World. God’s (new) “Fiery Law” will be established “for them” (i.e. the people in Paran) when “He” - comes with 10,000 saints -[“ Holy Ones ” RSV] (1 st )-Location of the first Revelation (2 nd )-The Conquering of that city Two Events: The Bible Deuteronomy 33:2 The Prophet from Pârân And rose up from Seir unto them; He shined forth from Mount Paran, And he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery Law for them.

5 Valley of Paran or ( ) – “Faran” in Meca פָּארָן

6 מַחֲמַדּ Muhammad in the bible MUHAMMAD حبيب الله – The Beloved of God – His Name & Matchless Characteristics:

7 "The whole word is not worth the day on which the Song of Songs was given to Israel; for all the writings are Holy, but the Song of Songs is the Holiest of the Holy." [Rabbi Akiva (died CE 135), Tractate of Yaddayim (3:5), Mishna] The Bible’s Song of Songs (10) My beloved is dazzling yet ruddy. He stands out among 10,000 men. [NASB] (16) His speech is most sweet, and he is Altogether Desirable - מַחֲמַדִּים. This is my beloved and this is my friend O daughters of Jerusalem. [RSV] (14) His hands are as rings of gold set with beryl: His body is as ivory work overlaid with sapphires. [ASV] (13) His cheeks are as a bed of spices, as banks of sweet herbs: his lips are as lilies, dropping liquid myrrh. [ERV] (15) His legs are pillars of alabaster set on pedestals of pure gold; His appearance is like Lebanon Choice as the cedars. [NASB] (11) His head is as the finest gold: his locks as branches of palm trees, black as a raven. [Douay-Rheims Bible] … the most chief among ten thousand. [American KJV] (12) … His eyes are like doves beside the water-brooks, Washed with milk, and fitly set. Song of Songs Chapter 5: Verse (10-16)

8  The Hebrew Bible Shir Hashirim - Song of Songs Chapter 5, Verse 16 “Hikko mamtakeem, v'hulo Mahammadim, ze Dodee v'ze ra‘ee, bano Yarushalaym" Hebrew TransliterationHebrew Text * Mahammadim - The “m” in Hebrew linguistically indicates plural of respect and royalty. Its addition to a word expresses Nobility and Grandeur. Such as: “Alahim”- God. So Mahammadim means: [ Mahammad the Great or Noble ] * Dodee – translated as ‘beloved’, but in Hebrew it actually means Paternal Uncle- (father’s brother); translated as such at least five times in Bible in other places. Therefore ‘Dodee’ means: [He is of Israel’s (Jacob’s) paternal uncle ]

9 The BiBle’s Song of SoNgS (5:16)  The Hebrew Bible Corrected translation of verse 16: Corrected translation of verse 16: “His mouth is Most sweet: And he is מַחֲמַדִּ – Mahammad! (the Great & Noble) He is of our paternal uncle (Ishmael), And this is My Beloved, Oh daughters of Jerusalem." im = greatness & nobility

10 The Jews were awaiting a special Prophet OTHER THAN JESUS! Now this was John’s testimony when the Jews of Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, Now this was John’s testimony when the Jews of Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “I am not the Christ (i.e. the Messiah).” “I am not the Christ (i.e. the Messiah).” They asked him, “Then who are you? Are you ELIJAH?” He said, “I am Not.” He said, “I am Not.” “Are you THE PROPHET?” He answered, “No.” He answered, “No.” Now this was John’s testimony when the Jews of Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, Now this was John’s testimony when the Jews of Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “I am not the Christ (i.e. the Messiah).” “I am not the Christ (i.e. the Messiah).” They asked him, “Then who are you? Are you ELIJAH?” He said, “I am Not.” He said, “I am Not.” “Are you THE PROPHET?” He answered, “No.” He answered, “No.” The Bible (John 1:19-21) NIV 1. The Messiah 2. Elijah 3. The Prophet

11 Muhammad in the bible The 1 st Prophet foretold in the Bible: He who would be “ Like Moses ” The one God will require All to believe in:

12 “I (God) will raise for them a Prophet like you (Moses) from among their brethren; and I (God) will put my words in his mouth, and shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to My words which he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.” “I (God) will raise for them a Prophet like you (Moses) from among their brethren; and I (God) will put my words in his mouth, and shall speak to them all that I command him. And whoever will not give heed to My words which he shall speak in my name, I myself will require it of him.” The Prophet foretold by Moses The Bible (Deuteronomy 18:17-19) RSV The Bible (Deuteronomy 18:17-19) RSV

13 Muhammad? – Jesus? – or who? The Prophet all are required to believe in: Three points: 1) God will put ‘His Words’ in the mouth of this Prophet - 2) A prophet ‘Like Moses’ – similar/very close resemblance to him 3) A prophet from among ‘The Brethren’ of the Jews “He (Muhammad) does not speak of his own desire, it is no less than a revelation sent down to him.” [Al-Qur‘an 53:3-4] *Countless passages in the Qur’an command Muhammad (pbuh) in such terms as: قُلْ (Say!), ثَكِّرْ -(Remind!), نَبِّئْهُمْ -(Inform!), etc. The Prophet all are required to believe in:

14 The Encyclopedia of Religion compares the life of Muhammad and Moses as follows: “THERE IS MUCH IN THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD THAT IS IMPLICITLY REMINISCENT OF THE MOSES TRADITION”. The Encyclopedia of Religion compares the life of Muhammad and Moses as follows: “THERE IS MUCH IN THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD THAT IS IMPLICITLY REMINISCENT OF THE MOSES TRADITION”. Page 121, THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF RELIGION, Mircea Eliade (EDITOR IN CHIEF) Volume 10, Macmillean Publishing Company A Prophet Like Similar to Moses

15 1. Birth Normal Normal Unusual 2. Adopted Yes Yes No 3. Married Yes Yes No 4. Children Yes Yes No 5. Revealed Yes Yes No Laws Laws 6. Governed Yes Yes No 7. Mass Yes Yes No Migration Migration w/followers w/followers JesusMosesMuhammad Which is the prophet most “like Moses”? Factor:

16 8. Healed others No No Yes 8. Healed others No No Yes 9. Accepted Yes Yes Few 9. Accepted Yes Yes Few 10. Died naturally Yes Yes No 11. Revelation Yes Yes No written in lifetime 12. Physical and Yes Yes No Moral victory 13. His age when mission started 14. At Mountain - Yes Yes No 15. Nature of Yes Yes No teaching both Spiritual & Legal MosesMuhammadJesus Factor:

17 Q: According to the Bible could the Prophet be someone else from among Children of Israel? Q: According to the Bible could the Prophet be someone else from among Children of Israel? The Bible 34:10 (Deuteronomy 34:10) KJV “And there arose NOT a Prophet since in Israel like unto Moses” From among “ the brethren ” of the Jews? Deuteronomy 18:18 A: No, and he could not be a Jew also! Q: Then from WHOM would he be? Q: Then from WHOM would he be?

18 The Children of Ishmael ARE ‘The Brethren Nation’ of The Children of Israel  Brethren = personification of a group of tribes who were regarded as near kinsmen of the Israelites.  Israelites = Brethren of the Ishmaelites, or Brethren of the Sons of Ishmael. [Genesis 16:12 and 25:18] the Prophet From the Brethren of the Jews Hebrew Dictionary

19 ^John

20 Muhammad in the bible Quraish = the modern name for the tribe of Kadar His People – His Tribe

21 “A tribe descended form Ishmael…possessing flocks and camels… They were an Arabian tribe… The people of Kedar were Pliny’s Cedrai, and from their tribe Mohammed ultimately arose.” Kedar Christian Scholars John D. Davis’ A Dictionary of the Bible specifies Kedar as:

22 Muhammad in the bible Kadar = is the 2 nd son of Ishmael. In Arab Genealogy they are known as the premier Ishmaelite tribe of Mecca & the original tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They are one of many Gentile (non-Israelite) tribes mentioned the Scripture of the Jews. Kadar = is the 2 nd son of Ishmael. In Arab Genealogy they are known as the premier Ishmaelite tribe of Mecca & the original tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They are one of many Gentile (non-Israelite) tribes mentioned the Scripture of the Jews. Quraish = is the adopted tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), as the tribe came to be referred, name after the Kadari descendant Quraish (Fihr), which became the tribal head a few generations before the time of the Prophet. Quraish = is the adopted tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), as the tribe came to be referred, name after the Kadari descendant Quraish (Fihr), which became the tribal head a few generations before the time of the Prophet. Gentiles = Non-Jews, biblically understood to be from other than the descendants of Jacob (the Children of Israel) They in include all Ishmaelite Arab tribes such as Kadar. Gentiles = Non-Jews, biblically understood to be from other than the descendants of Jacob (the Children of Israel) They in include all Ishmaelite Arab tribes such as Kadar. Kadar = is the 2 nd son of Ishmael. In Arab Genealogy they are known as the premier Ishmaelite tribe of Mecca & the original tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They are one of many Gentile (non-Israelite) tribes mentioned the Scripture of the Jews. Kadar = is the 2 nd son of Ishmael. In Arab Genealogy they are known as the premier Ishmaelite tribe of Mecca & the original tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). They are one of many Gentile (non-Israelite) tribes mentioned the Scripture of the Jews. Quraish = is the adopted tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), as the tribe came to be referred, name after the Kadari descendant Quraish (Fihr), which became the tribal head a few generations before the time of the Prophet. Quraish = is the adopted tribal name of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), as the tribe came to be referred, name after the Kadari descendant Quraish (Fihr), which became the tribal head a few generations before the time of the Prophet. Gentiles = Non-Jews, biblically understood to be from other than the descendants of Jacob (the Children of Israel) They in include all Ishmaelite Arab tribes such as Kadar. Gentiles = Non-Jews, biblically understood to be from other than the descendants of Jacob (the Children of Israel) They in include all Ishmaelite Arab tribes such as Kadar. Bible Terminology

23 Call the word to the Light Call the word to the Light GOD IS GREAT! …I (God) will keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles. …new things I (God) declare; before they spring into being I announce them to you. Sing to the Lord a new song… Let the desert and its towns raise their voices; the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice. Let the people of Sela sing for joy; let them shout from the mountaintops. THE BIBLE (Isaiah 42:6-11) NIV

24 Salvation! & “an everlasting covenant” “…And I (God) will also make you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring My Salvation to the ends of the earth.” (Isaiah 49:6) [NIV] “ …And I will make an Everlasting Covenant with them. And their seed shall be known among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the people: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which the Lord hath blessed…” (Isaiah 61:8-9) [KJV]

25 المصطفى Muhammad in the bible THE CHOSEN ONE – Al Mustafâ – His Name & Matchless Characteristics:

26 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; My Chosen One, in whom I delight; I will put My Spirit (i.e. Gabriel) upon him. He shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. He will not fail or be discouraged till he has established justice in the earth; and the coastlands wait for his law. “And the Gentiles shall come to thy Light … All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee … And they shall come up with acceptance on mine alter, and I will glorify the house of my glory ”. [ Isaiah 60:3-7 KJV] ‘The Chosen One’ - From the Gentiles (4) [RSV] (1) [KJV/NIV] (2) [NIV] (Isaiah 42:1-4)

27 Muhammad in the bible Fleeing to MEDINA His City of Migration:

28 Muhammad in the bible Tema / Teman = Al Medina- (Medinatur-Rasulullâh) Tema / Teman = Al Medina- (Medinatur-Rasulullâh) says it is: “ an oasis just north of Medina ” says it is: “ an oasis just north of Medina ” Its settlers comprised of: Its settlers comprised of: 3 Jewish Tribes – 3 Jewish Tribes –  Banu Qainu Qâ’a  Banu Na‘deer  Banu Quraitha 2 Arab Tribes – 2 Arab Tribes –  Aws  Khazraj Tema / Teman = Al Medina- (Medinatur-Rasulullâh) Tema / Teman = Al Medina- (Medinatur-Rasulullâh) says it is: “ an oasis just north of Medina ” says it is: “ an oasis just north of Medina ” Its settlers comprised of: Its settlers comprised of: 3 Jewish Tribes – 3 Jewish Tribes –  Banu Qainu Qâ’a  Banu Na‘deer  Banu Quraitha 2 Arab Tribes – 2 Arab Tribes –  Aws  Khazraj (J. Hastings Dictionary of the Bible) (J. Hastings Dictionary of the Bible) These tribes are descendants of ‘Yathribi’ – the descendant of ‘Tema’ – the son of Ishmael These 3 Levi Tribes came to ‘Medina’ to await the coming of a Last days Prophet. They believed that this was the oasis that the Prophet would migrate to. Bible Terminology

29 Salama bin Salam bin Waqsh – Said: “We had a Jewish neighbor from the family of Banu Abdul Ash-hal; and he came out of his house one day to us. At that time I was the youngest of my household. I was lying in the courtyard of my family’s house. The Jew talked about the Resurrection, the Reckoning, the Scales, Paradise and Hellfire. This he told to Idolaters who did not believe in any life after death. They replied, ‘Come on now! You really think people can be sent after their death to some place where there is a paradise and a fire where they will be punished for their deeds.’ ‘Yes indeed!’ he replied. ‘And by Him by whom oaths are sworn, Anyone going into that fire would prefer being placed in the hottest oven in the house and having it covered over him, and he being let out of it only the next day’ In disputes the Jews would threaten the Arabs with a Prophet who would soon come to Medina to destroy themIn disputes the Jews would threaten the Arabs with a Prophet who would soon come to Medina to destroy them A Jewish neighbor’s Forewarning of that Prophet’s Arrival in MedinaA Jewish neighbor’s Forewarning of that Prophet’s Arrival in Medina Abdullah ben Salâm (Chief Rabi of the Jews)Abdullah ben Salâm (Chief Rabi of the Jews) Then they said, ‘Good Gracious! But what proof is there? He (the Jewish man) then said, ‘A Prophet is being sent from the hereabouts in these lands (and he gestured to the south - over towards Mecca and Yemen). ‘When will we see him’ they inquired. He looked over at me, being the youngest one there, and said: ‘If this lad lives a normal lifespan – he will live lit this time’. Salama said, “And a Day and a Night had scarcely passed thereafter until God sent His Messenger who lived among us, and so we believed in him, but he, (the Jew) disbelieved in him out of evil and envy.’

30 Map from Christian Website: Medina [The location of the city of the Prophet Muhammad]

31 The Praised one God (i.e. His guidance) came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his Praise. God (i.e. His guidance) came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his Praise. THE BIBLE ( Habakkuk 3:3 ) [KJV] MUHAMMAD

32 Tema (Teman) Today

33 Masjid An-Nabawi [Mosque of The Prophet Muhammad]

34 A Hijrah: or Migration THE BIBLE [KJV] – Isaiah 21: The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall you lodge, O ye traveling companies of Dedanim. The inhabitants of the land of Tema (i.e.Medina) brought water to him that is thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled. For they fled from the swords…

35 Map from Christian Website:

36 Muhammad in the bible The epoch battle between Good & Evil His First Victory:

37 For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail. And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the Lord God of Israel hath spoken it. Al Furqân Badr [Isaiah 21:16-17]

38 Video: “THE RECOGNIZERS” & “SUBMITERS TO THE TRUTH” מַחֲמַדּ


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