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Pollution Prevention (P2) ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER What is P2 ? Reducing or eliminating pollutants or waste at the source instead of handling.

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Presentation on theme: "Pollution Prevention (P2) ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER What is P2 ? Reducing or eliminating pollutants or waste at the source instead of handling."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Pollution Prevention (P2)

3 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER What is P2 ? Reducing or eliminating pollutants or waste at the source instead of handling it after it is created Can be done through changes in  equipment  a procedure, process, or method  product substitution or elimination  training  improved housekeeping  better inventory control  any other means

4 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Origin of P2 1986, Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act1986, Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act –Required facilities to track and report annual use of toxic chemicals –Applicable to industry, but not federal facilities 1990, Pollution Prevention Act1990, Pollution Prevention Act –More guidance and requirements, but still not mandated for federal facilities

5 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER 1993, Executive Order , Executive Order –Required federal facilities to comply with previous laws –Imposed reduction goals (reduce chemical use by 50% over 5 years) –Indicated that federal facilities will set an example 2000, Executive Order , Executive Order –Continued certain previous req’mts –Imposed new reduction goals –Emphasized enviromental leadership and required facilities to implement an EMS Origin of P2 (continued)

6 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER “….Federal Facilities will set the example for the rest of the country and become the leader in applying P2 to daily operations, purchasing decisions, and policies. In the process, federal facilities will reduce toxic emissions, which helps avoid cleanup costs and promotes clean technologies.” (From EO 12856, 1993) (From EO 12856, 1993)

7 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER First choice: Prevent or Reduce Pollution At Source When FeasibleFirst choice: Prevent or Reduce Pollution At Source When Feasible Second choice: Recycle if Pollution or Waste Cannot Be PreventedSecond choice: Recycle if Pollution or Waste Cannot Be Prevented Third choice: Ensure Proper Handling, Disposal, or Treatment of Pollution or Waste If The Above Options Are Not FeasibleThird choice: Ensure Proper Handling, Disposal, or Treatment of Pollution or Waste If The Above Options Are Not Feasible P2 Philosophy

8 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER P2’s Value to the Army Solution to a problemSolution to a problem Enhances readinessEnhances readiness Supports modernizationSupports modernization Improves quality of lifeImproves quality of life Saves money, time, or laborSaves money, time, or labor Improves workplace safety and environmental complianceImproves workplace safety and environmental compliance

9 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Environmental compliance has high and increasing costs (over $500 million each year)Environmental compliance has high and increasing costs (over $500 million each year) Funds allocated for environmental requirements reduce funding for other army missionsFunds allocated for environmental requirements reduce funding for other army missions Alternative uses for funds:Alternative uses for funds: –$800K is 175 helicopter flying hours monthly –$100K a year buys 800 miles of tank operation Traditional end-of-pipe compliance too expensiveTraditional end-of-pipe compliance too expensive P2 is a cost effective method for environmental complianceP2 is a cost effective method for environmental compliance

10 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Enhancing Readiness –Reduced maintenance cost –Reduced supply costs –Better shelf life or condition of garrison or deployment stocks –Cost savings give organizations funds for other parts of mission –Time savings give organizations more time to devote to mission

11 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Improving Quality of Life Improving Quality of Life Pollution ultimately affects our personal lives if it enters the air, land, or waterPollution ultimately affects our personal lives if it enters the air, land, or water Prevention or reduction in pollution means less health hazards for soldiers, families, and civiliansPrevention or reduction in pollution means less health hazards for soldiers, families, and civilians Means more funds can go into areas such as recreation programs & facilities, post housing upgrades and ammenities, etc.Means more funds can go into areas such as recreation programs & facilities, post housing upgrades and ammenities, etc.

12 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Supporting Modernization Supporting Modernization Reduced life cycle cost for weapons systems and commodities Reduced life cycle cost for weapons systems and commodities More dollars for R&D, acquisition, and fieldingMore dollars for R&D, acquisition, and fielding Less environmental cost and liability in out yearsLess environmental cost and liability in out years Environmental costs are as much as 40% of some program life cycle costsEnvironmental costs are as much as 40% of some program life cycle costs

13 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Original P2 Areas of Consideration ChemicalsChemicals Hazardous WasteHazardous Waste Garbage/Solid WasteGarbage/Solid Waste Ozone-Depleting SubstancesOzone-Depleting Substances Major focus

14 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Army Success Stories –Chromate conversion for aluminum on vehicles –Cadmium elimination in M1A1 tank –Photo Waste Reduction Silver recoverySilver recovery DigitalDigital –New parts washers/solvents –Hazardous material pharmacies –BA 5590 lithium battery reuse program –Environmental Compliance Officers –Low-level mercury fluorescent lamps

15 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Another Example National Training Center, Fort Irwin CANational Training Center, Fort Irwin CA –Rotational unit removing contaminated soil from various rotational spills with heavy equipment instead of shovels –990,120 lbs vs lbs for disposal –$ 7,920,960 vs. $24,640 disposal cost

16 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Additional P2 Areas To Consider EnergyEnergy Water conservation/reuseWater conservation/reuse Smarter building construction & de-constructionSmarter building construction & de-construction Continued recycling emphasis and methodsContinued recycling emphasis and methods Buying “green” productsBuying “green” products

17 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Energy Savings Geothermal heat pumps in new buildings & housing quartersGeothermal heat pumps in new buildings & housing quarters How does it work?How does it work? –Heating & cooling exchange takes places with underground water not ambient air –Underground water is cooler in summer; warmer in winter. Takes less energy to convert it to the temperature needed in the house than if using air

18 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Who Has It In DoD ? Who Has It In DoD ? Housing Areas Housing Areas Camp LeJeune NCCamp LeJeune NC Fort Irwin CA Fort Irwin CA Fort Polk LA Fort Polk LA o 33-42% annual energy reduction o local utility company finances o installation & utility co. annual share savings ($1.3 to $2.8 million) ($1.3 to $2.8 million) o utility company maintains equipment o annual savings pay off equipment costs in years; then gov’t owns in years; then gov’t owns

19 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Water Reuse & Conservation Water-saving kitchen/bathroom fixturesWater-saving kitchen/bathroom fixtures Ensuring automatic sprinkers do not run during rainEnsuring automatic sprinkers do not run during rain Ideas for re-using water from hydrant flushingIdeas for re-using water from hydrant flushing Ideas for capturing rain water for re-use in irrigationIdeas for capturing rain water for re-use in irrigation

20 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Solar Power Solar panels used to heat Solar panels used to heat indoor pool at physical fitness center

21 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Smarter Building Design Floors, carpets, walls, doors, ceilings and roofing systems, insulation, painting--Assessment of reusability, solid waste generation, and indoor air quality. Floors, carpets, walls, doors, ceilings and roofing systems, insulation, painting--Assessment of reusability, solid waste generation, and indoor air quality. Masonry, stucco, lathing and plastering--Environmental characteristics of recycled and composite materials.Masonry, stucco, lathing and plastering--Environmental characteristics of recycled and composite materials. Metal studs in load-bearing walls as a substitute for wood.Metal studs in load-bearing walls as a substitute for wood. Scrap tire chips and cement and asphaltic concrete in pavements--Elimination and use of waste materials.Scrap tire chips and cement and asphaltic concrete in pavements--Elimination and use of waste materials. Bottom ash used as fill, and waste materials in pavements--reusing construction waste materials.Bottom ash used as fill, and waste materials in pavements--reusing construction waste materials. Recycled plastic composite railroad ties.Recycled plastic composite railroad ties. Recycled site furnishings and playground equipment.Recycled site furnishings and playground equipment. Energy efficient HVAC controls, radiant heating systems and desiccant cooling systems.Energy efficient HVAC controls, radiant heating systems and desiccant cooling systems. Water and energy conserving plumbing fixtures.Water and energy conserving plumbing fixtures.

22 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings Chesapeake Bay Foundation Uses 1/3 less energy & 10% less water Composting toilets Rainwater Collection Renewable energy sources- solar or geothermal

23 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings American YouthWorks Roof is 85% solar reflective Concrete contains 40% flyash No or low VOC paints used throughout Vegetable and herb garden Orientated to maximize day- lighting Recycled-content ceiling tiles, salvaged doors

24 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings J.J. Pickle Elementary Proper solar orientation Rainwater collection (1 st ) Salvaged longleaf pine 20-35% fly-ash in concrete Low VOC paints and finishes Total energy cost reduced by 25% Saved over $12 million

25 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings MPCON Placket Manor – BEQ Barracks Low-flow water fixtures Reflective roof with high insulation Daylighting and Ventilation HIGHLIGHT: Completed in 2 years with ZERO $ spent on change orders

26 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings The Nature Conservancy International HQ VISION: Protect the Environment and conserve donated funds Brownfield Restoration Extensive Daylighting and Ventilation Excellent Indoor Air Quality No Additional First Costs !

27 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings ING Bank 80% Utility Savings Multidiscipline Team Developed Design for 3 years Integrated Art, Sunlight, Natural Materials, Plants, Water into functional work environment NO additional cost

28 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings Environmental Training Facility Straw-bale construction Active day-lighting Straw-wall panel system Water-less urinal Bowling alley floor

29 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Hall of Fame Buildings Hall of Fame Buildings Adam J Lewis Center ZERO EMISSIONS- Living Machine™ Geothermal PV SolarRoof Restored Wetlands on site

30 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Fort Knox KY over 3 years: Fort Knox KY over 3 years: o 258 buildings & 451 apartments recycled o over 150,000 tons (300,000,000 lbs) diverted from landfill from landfill o saved $1.5 million in landfill disposal costs o saved $12. million in demolition costs o generated over $255,000 from salvage operations Army guidance being developed Army guidance being developed Guidance being developed for Army installationsGuidance being developed for Army installations “Green” Building Deconstruction : “Green” Building Deconstruction : Recycling Materials From Buildings Recycling Materials From Buildings (valuable wood, windows, doors, metals, fixtures, etc) (valuable wood, windows, doors, metals, fixtures, etc)

31 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Continued Recycling Emphasis Recycling being revisited at Ft Rucker (economic challenges)Recycling being revisited at Ft Rucker (economic challenges) Post needs to continue using existing opportunitiesPost needs to continue using existing opportunities –Scrap metal (DRMO) –Printer/toner cartridges to HMCC –Empty metal oil cans crushed at HMCC (over 200,000 containers annually) –Reuse of white paper or other materials within offices

32 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Buying “Green” : Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Also called “affirmative procurement”Also called “affirmative procurement” What does it mean?What does it mean? –Buying items with recycled content –Buying items with less impact on safety & the environment Why?Why? –Required by Executive Order –Improves safety and the environment

33 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER Buying “Green” : Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Buying “Green” : Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Many products you use are also available as environmentally preferable products (EPP)Many products you use are also available as environmentally preferable products (EPP) Many perform well and are about do not cost extraMany perform well and are about do not cost extra How to buy more EPPs? See handoutHow to buy more EPPs? See handout VideoVideo

34 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER P2 is:P2 is: –good science –good engineering –good business Compliance through P2:Compliance through P2: –P2 will become the standard way of meeting Army environmental goals

35 ARMY AVIATION WARFIGHTING CENTER In summary, P2….. In summary, P2….. Is required by law, but is also a smart thing to doIs required by law, but is also a smart thing to do Is necessary to meet increasing demands & req’mts despite shrinking resourcesIs necessary to meet increasing demands & req’mts despite shrinking resources Will continue to play an important part in ensuring that Fort Rucker can sustain future operationsWill continue to play an important part in ensuring that Fort Rucker can sustain future operations Is an area where each individual can make a difference Is an area where each individual can make a difference


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