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Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-59) ► Life ► Democracy in America ► Evaluation.

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Presentation on theme: "Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-59) ► Life ► Democracy in America ► Evaluation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Alexis de Tocqueville ( ) ► Life ► Democracy in America ► Evaluation

2 Age of Revolutions ► 1794 great-grandfather Malesherbes guillotined ► 1804 Napoleon emperor ► 1815 end of Napoleon and restoration of monarchy (Louis XVIII, 1824 Charles X) ► 1830 censorship / suffrage restrictions lead to revolution (Louis-Philippe citizen king) ► 1848 monarchy overthrown by reformist demands (Louis Napoleon) ► 1851 end of 2 nd Republic and return to monarchy (Louis Napoleon crowns himself Napoleon III)

3 Life studies law 1830 revolution travel to America 1835 Democracy in America part I 1839 elected deputy (monarchy) 1840 Democracy in America part II 1848 elected deputy again / foreign minister (republic) 1851 arrested and imprisoned

4 End of a Career

5 Life 1805 born in Normandy studies law 1830 revolution travel to America 1835 Democracy in America part I 1839 elected deputy 1840 Democracy in America part II 1848 elected deputy again / foreign minister 1851 arrested and imprisoned 1856 Ancien Regime and the Revolution 1857 last visit to London 1859 dies of tuberculosis

6 Democracy in America ► Sovereignty of the people v1/p1/ch4 ► Federalism v1/p1/ch8 ► Government v1/p2/ch1 ► Mediocrity v1/p2/ch5 ► Moral majority v1/p2/ch7 ► Tyranny of the majority v1/p2/ch7 ► Federalism as remedy v1/p2/ch8

7 American Society ► “one must go to America to understand the power of material prosperity over political actions.” v1/p2/ch9 ► “do not invite an American to speak about Europe; he will usually display great presumption and a rather ridiculous arrogance.” v1/p2/ch9

8 American Society ► “I would be astonished if mysticism did not soon make progress in a nation solely preoccupied with prosperity.” v2/p2/ch12 ► “Between the worker and the employer, there are many points of contact but no real relationship.” v2/p2/ch20

9 American Society ► “In their relation with foreigners, Americans seem irritated by the slightest criticism and appear greedy for praise.” v2/p3/ch16 ► “The sight of this universal uniformity saddens and chills me.” v2/p4/ch8

10 Evaluation ► Democracy or mass society? ► Inequality and conformity ► Individualism and federalism


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