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Harmonic intervals  A harmonic interval is two notes played at the same time.

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Presentation on theme: "Harmonic intervals  A harmonic interval is two notes played at the same time."— Presentation transcript:

1 Harmonic intervals  A harmonic interval is two notes played at the same time.

2 Melodic intervals  A melodic interval is two notes played consecutively like a melody.

3 Interval Names C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA C to C is a PERFECT PRIME PP &

4 Interval names C to D is a Major Second M2 (2 half steps) & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

5 Interval Names C to Db is a Minor Second m2 (1 half step) bb & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

6 Interval names C to D# is a Augmented Second A2 (3 half steps) # & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

7 Interval names  C to C = Perfect Prime = PP  C to D b = Minor second = m2  C to D = Major second = M2  C to D # = Augmented second = A2 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

8 Interval names C to E is a Third & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

9 Interval names C to E is a Major Third M3 (4 half steps) C,C#,D,D#,E & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

10 Interval names C to Eb is a Minor Third m3 (3 half steps) b C,Db,D,Eb & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

11 Interval names  C to E b = Minor third = m3  C to E = Major third = M3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

12 Interval names C to F is a Perfect Fourth P4 (5 half steps) C,C#,D,D#, E, F & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

13 Interval names C to F# is a Augmented Fourth A4 or TT (6 half steps) or Tritone. # C,C#,D,D#,E,F,F# & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

14 Interval names  C to F = Perfect fourth = P4  C to F # = Augmented fourth = A4 Tritone = TT C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

15 Interval Names C to G is a Perfect Fifth P5 (7 half steps) C,C#,D,D#,E,F,F#,G & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

16 Interval names C to G b is a Diminished Fifth D5 (6 half steps) b C,Db,D,Eb,E,F,Gb & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

17 Interval names  C to F = Perfect fourth = P4  C to F # = Augmented fourth = A4 = TT  C to G b = Diminished fifth = D5 = TT  C to G = Perfect fifth = P5 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

18 Interval names C to A is a Sixth & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

19 Interval names C to A is a Major Sixth M6 (9 half steps) & C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

20 Interval names C to Ab is a Minor Sixth m6 (8 half steps). & b C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

21 Interval names  C to A b = Minor sixth = m6  C to A = Major sixth = M6 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

22 Interval names C to B is a Seventh. C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

23 Interval names C to B is a Major Seventh M7 (11 half steps). C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

24 Interval names C to Bb is a Minor Seventh m7 (10 half steps) C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

25 Interval names  C to B b = Minor seventh = m7  C to B = Major seventh = M7 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

26 Interval names C to C is a Perfect Octave P8 (12 half steps) C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

27 Overview of Interval names Intervals of a Major scale No “minor”, “Diminished” or “Augmented”

28 Interval names Major 3rd D to F# is a Major 3 rd M3 Harmonic Intervals C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

29 Interval names Minor 3rd F# to A is a Minor 3 rd m3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

30 Major triad When the D to F# M3 is combined with the F# to A m3: Major triad (D chord) C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

31 Minor triad D to F is a minor 3 rd m3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

32 Major triad F to A is a Major 3rd M3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

33 Minor triad When the D to F m3 is combined with the F to A M3: Minor triad Dm chord C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

34 Diminished triad D to F is a minor 3 rd m3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

35 Diminished triad F to A b is a minor 3 rd m3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

36 Diminished triad When D to F m3 is combined with the F to A b m3: Diminished Triad Ddim Chord C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

37 Augmented triad D to F# is a Major 3 rd M3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

38 Augmented triad F# to A# is a Major 3 rd M3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

39 Augmented triad When D to F# M3 is combined with the F# to A# M3: Augmented Triad Daug Chord C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA

40 Triads Major Triad = M3 + m3 Minor Triad = m3 + M3 Diminished Triad = m3 + m3 Augmented Triad + M3 + M3 C# Db D# Eb F# Gb A# Bb C# Db G# Ab D# Eb F# Gb G# Ab A# Bb CD EFGABCDEFGA


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