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Writing with a Purpose: Relating Contents to Readers Ismael Arinas Pellón Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Reading, Writing, & Brain ± 200,000 years ago ± 8,000 years ago Humans ± 70 years ago T ă rt ă ria tablets General Literacy
Reading, Writing, & Brain New Connections (Maryanne Wolf 2008: ) Non-innate
In the following 45 minutes… 1.Context in texts 2.Who are the readers 3.Purpose 4.Readers, purpose, & contents 5.Sentence and paragraph structure 6.Writing assignment
Text (1) Application Rejection Response Non-native speakers Standardised language Administrative Language Legal Purpose Pre-written
Text (2) Exam Question Written Essay Reader = Examiner Purpose = Certificate Language = Bookish Limited extension Limited time
Text (3) Scholarship Application Letter Reader = Committee? Purpose = Admission Language = Respectful, Original? Cultural Conventions
Text (4) Interviews Newspaper Article Reader = Higher Education Purpose = Inform Language = Spoken-like Tries to be interesting Limited words
Text (5) Research Biography Reader = General Purpose = Inform Language = Clear Neutral – Fan - Critic
English Information Structure OLD INFORMATION NEW INFORMATION LESS IMPORTANT INFORMATION IMPORTANT INFORMATION Sentences
Example: Text (5) Born Obama, USA president He political activity He elected for Senate He elected & reelected presidency He main policies
Example: Text (2) S1. Debate/Problem to whom S2a. Option A S2b. Option B S3. For / Against Choice P2. Advantages P3. Disadvantages P4. Contrasts P5. Supported option 1 st paragraph
Example: Text (3) “I” “What I want to achieve” “I” “What has taken me here” “I” “What I have done” “I” “Your institution” I have a plan I am responsible I will contribute
Structuring Paragraphs (i) 1st sentence paragraph topic Other sentences info about topic 1st sentence situation Other sentences contrast situations 1st sentence action Other sentences results
Structuring Paragraphs (ii) 1st Text structure 2 nd Writing Active Passive Linkers, Conjunctions, Discourse Markers Find good examples
Tools to Write Online Grammar Online Writing Labs Online Corpora Longman Language Activator Dictionary
WRITING ASSIGNMENT? Short structure analysis of text (3)? Write a motivation letter for a master’s schollarship in the UK? ( words)
REFERENCES Wolf Maryanne (2008). Proust and the Squid. Icon Books Ltd. guardian/readership-figures chemnitz.de/phil/english/InternetGrammar/frontend/ https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/ ge%20Activator%20Paperback%20New%20Edition/
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