Presentation on theme: "Please Sign In. Priories:Fair/Foul Catch/No Catch Positioning + Timing = Good Judgment Angle First, Then Distance If you have to, sacrifice distance."— Presentation transcript:
Priories:Fair/Foul Catch/No Catch Positioning + Timing = Good Judgment Angle First, Then Distance If you have to, sacrifice distance for angle Get Set – Be stopped for all plays Watch the ball, Glance at the Runners Timing, timing, timing Hustle, hustle, hustle
Don’t want 2 umpires covering the same play 1 Play / 1 Umpire Plate Umpire – Home Base Umpire – 1B and 2B Runner from 1B to 3B – either Base/Plate Ump Pre-game conference to discuss this situation K eep I t S imple, S tupid!
Leave your ego at home Umpire out of position can get help if he asks Ask for help before you make the call Create credibility for yourself Mistakes happen Don’t rush to make a call
Did I arrive in time to prepare for the game? Was I in position for every call? Was I properly prepared for each play? Working the plate: Was my strike zone consistent? How was my timing? Were my signals clear and sharp? Did I assist and communicate with my partner? Did I keep my cool? Is there any other part of my game that needs work?
Bill Klem The Father of Baseball Umpires "That guy in a twenty-five cent bleacher seat is as much entitled to know a call as the guy in the boxes. He can see my arm signal even if he can't hear my voice."
The strike zone is the space over home plate that is between the batter’s armpits and the top of the knees when the batter assumes a natural stance. The umpire shall determine the strike zone according to the batter’s usual stance when that batter swings at a pitch.
Rule 6.03 Which of the foot positions are legal?
Rule 6.03 The batter’s legal position shall be with both feet within the batter’s box.
Plate mechanics – Passed Balls and Wild Pitches
A foul tip is a batted ball that Is sharp and direct from the bat to the catcher’s hand or mitt Must be caught by the catcher not a catch if it is caught on a rebound unless it first hits the catcher’s hand or mitt Is a strike Ball remains alive
Secure possession Complete control of the ball Voluntary release of the ball
CATCH – if the ball is dropped in the act of throwing NO CATCH – if the ball is dropped as a result of a collision or falling NO CATCH – if the ball touches an offensive player, the ground or fence, or an umpire
A fair ball is a batted ball that: Settles or is touched on or over fair territory between home and 1B or home and 3B Bounds past 1B or 3B on or over fair territory While on or over fair territory touches the attached equipment or clothing of a player or umpire While over fair territory, passes out of the playing field
A batted ball settles on home plate. What is your call? FAIR or FOUL
A batted ball settles on home plate. What is your call? FAIR
A batted ball first hits foul ground and without touching any foreign object, rolls into fair territory between 1B and home where it comes to rest. What is your call? FAIR or FOUL
A batted ball first hits foul ground and without touching any foreign object, rolls into fair territory between 1B and home where it comes to rest. What is your call? FAIR
Positioning + Timing = Good Judgment Angle First, Then Distance If you have to, sacrifice distance for angle Get Set – Be stopped for all plays Watch the ball, Glance at the Runners Timing, timing, timing Hustle, hustle, hustle
Position Lower your seat; don’t just bend over Place hands on knees or thighs Keep your head up; don’t drop your chin Getting Set Set position assumed BEFORE every pitch Set position assumed BEFORE calling most plays May be situations that mandate a standing “set”
6.05b – when 3 rd strike is or is not caught by the catcher * 6.05e – when the batter attempts to hit a 3 rd strike and is touched by the ball 6.05f – when a fair ball touches the batter before touching a fielder * 6.05g – when the bat hits the ball a 2 nd time in fair territory If the bat does the hitting, ball is dead If the ball does the hitting, ball is still in play
6.05h – after hitting or bunting a foul ball, the batter intentionally deflects the course of the ball while running to first base 6.05i – after hitting a fair ball, the batter is tagged before touching first base 6.05j – if the runner runs outside of the three-foot line or inside the foul line interfering with the fielder taking the throw at first base Ball must be thrown Throw must be catchable
6.06a – when hitting the ball with one or both feet outside the batter’s box 6.06c – when the batter interferes with the catcher’s fielding or throwing Ball is not automatically dead If an out results from the catcher’s throw, then the interference penalty is not enforced and the play stands
How do you call / signal batter interference? Signal and call “That’s Interference” If the runner is declared out, no further signal is necessary If the runner is safe, the following are required: Call “Time” Call “The Batter’s Out” Any runner is returned back to his original base
P6 at the plate 2B / 2S Appeal is made that P6 is not the proper batter BEFORE he completes his time at bat -or- Offense manager realizes the mistake
P4 replaces P6 at the plate and assumes the count 2B / 2S
P6 at the plate Singles into RF Appeal is made that P6 is not the proper batter AFTER he completes his time at bat
P4 (the proper batter) is called out Remove P6 from the base Base runner’s advances due to the actions of the improper batter (P6) are nullified Other advances are legal (steals) Next batter is the batter whose name follows that of the proper batter (P5)
P1 leads off Singles into RF P5 steps up to the plate 2B / 2S Appeal is made that P1 was not the proper batter AFTER P5 receives at least 1 pitch
The improper batter (P1) becomes “legalized” by the first pitch to P5 All base runners’ advances are now legal The batting order picks up with the batter following the legalized improper batter
The improper batter (P1) becomes “legalized” by the first pitch to P5 All base runners’ advances are now legal The batting order picks up with the batter following the legalized improper batter P2 would replace P5 and assume the 2B / 2S count P3 would follow
Rule is to protect the offensive team But most often argued by the offensive manager Must be less than 2 outs Not a line drive or a bunt Can be caught by any fielder by ordinary effort Runners on 1B and 2B or bases loaded
Umpire declares batted ball to be an infield fly Batter-runner is called out Eliminates all force plays Base protects the runner hit by an infield fly
Important Notes – Rule 7.08(f): If a runner is touched by an Infield Fly when not touching a base, both runner and batter are out. If a runner is touching a base when touched by an Infield Fly, that runner is not out, although the batter is out.
Important Notes – Rule 7.08(f): A runner is out if touched by a fair ball in fair territory before the ball has touched or passed an infielder. The base is not a safe haven for the runner when an Infield Fly is not called.
An act by a member of the team at bat which interferes with, obstructs, impedes, hinders, or confuses any fielder attempting to make a play Running into a fielder trying to make a catch Yelling at a fielder trying to make a catch
Only 2 ways Interference with catcher’s throw - Rule 5.09(b) delayed dead ball benefits the defensive team Umpire hit by a batted ball before passing a fielder – Rule 5.09(f) and 6.08(d) immediately call a dead ball benefits the offensive team
The catcher or any fielder interferes with the batter No interference call when the batter reaches first base AND all other runners advance at least one base delayed call by umpire
No interference shall be called when a fielder reaches over a fence, railing, or rope or into the stands to catch a ball. They do so at their own risk Should a spectator reach out into the playing field and plainly prevent the fielder from catching the ball, then the batter should be called out
Type A If the play is being made on the obstructed runner or batter-runner is obstructed before touching 1B Ball is immediately called dead Runner’s shall advance to the base they would have reached if there had been no obstruction
Type B If no play is being made on the obstructed runner, the play shall proceed until no further action is possible. Delayed dead ball Includes a fake tag
Foul ball not caught – Rule 5.09(e) Illegally batted ball – Rule 5.09(d) foot out of the batter’s box at the point of contact batter is out Plate umpire interference unless runner is thrown out – Rule 5.09(b) Batter interference unless runner is thrown out – Rule 6.06(c) if base runner is safe, return to the previous base batter is out Batter called out for batting out of turn – Rule 6.07(b)
Balk called not followed by a pitch or play – Rule 5.09(c) and 7.04(a) Runner attempting to steal when catcher’s interference occurs – Rule 7.04(c) batter also is award 1B Pitched ball lodges in umpire’s mask or equipment – Rule 5.09(g) and 7.05(h) Pitched or thrown ball by the pitcher from the rubber goes into dead territory – Rule 7.05(g) pickoff – ball goes into bleachers ball stuck in backstop or fence ball goes into the dugout
After catching a fly ball, the fielder falls into dead territory – Rule 7.04(b) dugout stands over a fence into dead territory Hit batsman – Rule 5.09(a) Pitched ball touches a runner trying to score – Rule 5.09(h) and 6.05(m) Fair batted ball strikes an umpire or player – Rule 5.09(f)
Thrown ball into dead territory on first play by an infielder – Rule 7.05(g) Fielder deflects a wild pitch into dead territory while retrieving it – Rule 7.05(f) Fair ball bounces over the fence – Rule 7.05(f) Fair ball is deflected into dead territory
If a fielder deliberately touches a fair ball with a cap, mask or any part of that fielder’s uniform detached from its proper place on the person of said fielder, three bases are awarded and the ball is in play. – Rule 7.05(b) Each runner including the batter-runner may advance three bases if a fielder deliberately throws a glove at and touches a fair ball; the ball remains in play. – Rule 7.05(c)
Catcher’s interference followed by a batted ball – Rule 6.08(c) Batter’s interference followed by a play or throw – Rule 6.06(c) Plate umpire interference followed by a play or throw – Rule 5.09(b) Illegal pitch or balk followed by a batted ball - Rule 8.01(d) and 8.05(a)
Actions that can cause an illegal pitch Pitching with foot not in contact with the rubber Pitcher fails to step directly toward a base before throwing to that base Pitches when the catcher is not in the catcher’s box Quick return pitch or Quick pitch Pitcher delays the game Pitcher drops the ball
Called a BALL if bases are unoccupied – Rule 8.01(d)* Called a BALK if bases are occupied – Rule 8.05(k) * no pitch runners advance Manager of the offense may decline the illegal pitch penalty and accept the play.
If there is reasonable doubt that any umpire’s decision may be in conflict with the rules, the manager may appeal the decision and ask that a correct ruling be made. Such appeal shall be made only to the umpire who made the protested decision.
Must be made before the next pitch, play or attempted play Must be a live ball for appeals to be made Must be made before the defensive team leaves the field
Failure to retouch properly – Rule 7.10(a) Missed base – Rule 7.10(b) Batting out of order – Rule 6.07
Umpire Evaluation Managers: Please only evaluate the umpire from the opposing team. Date of Game Evaluation Of Umpire (Name) Division * Team Umpire For * Plate or Field Umpire * Knowledge Of Rules (1-No Knowledge...5-Extremely Knowledgeable) * Control Of Game (1-No Control) * Position Of Umpire (1-Never In Position...5-Always In The Correct Position) * The Umpire Was Properly Dressed (Wearing Uniform) *
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