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2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 1 Status of ITER 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3 23 rd March 2010 Michael Loughlin Office of Central Integration and Engineering.

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Presentation on theme: "2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 1 Status of ITER 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3 23 rd March 2010 Michael Loughlin Office of Central Integration and Engineering."— Presentation transcript:

1 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 1 Status of ITER 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3 23 rd March 2010 Michael Loughlin Office of Central Integration and Engineering ITER

2 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 2 ITER is the Next Step Toward a Solution based on Tokamaks

3 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 3 EAST: R = 1.7m, 2MA, 2006 KSTAR: R = 1.8m, 2MA, 2008 SST-1: R =1.1m, 0.22MA, 2008 JT-60SA: R = 3m, 5.5 MA, 2014 Four New Superconducting Tokamaks will Address Steady-State Advanced Tokamak Issues in Non-Burning Plasmas

4 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 4 ITER – Key Facts Mega-Science Project among 7 Members: China, EU, India, Japan, Korea, Russia & US Designed to produce 500 MW of fusion power for an extended period of time with a Q of years construction, 20 years operation Cost: ~5.4 billion Euros approved for construction, and ~5.5 billion for operation and decommissioning EU 5/11, other six parties 1/11 each. Overall reserve of 10% of total. European Union CN IN RF KO JP US

5 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 5 Procurement Sharing - A unique feature of ITER is that almost all of the machine will be constructed through in kind procurement from the Members with essentially every member involved in every component.

6 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 6 Overview of the Major Development of the ITER Project May 2006 ITER Management Structure decided at IPC-8 Meeting in Goa, India 21 November 2006The ITER Agreements signed in Paris Dec Dec ITER Design Review 24 October 2007ITER Organization formally established 7 November 2007Headquarters Agreement signed between France and the IO November 2007 The 1 st meeting of the ITER Council (DG, PDDG and DDGs were appointed, etc.) 28 November 2007First PA with Japan signed on TF Conductor 18 December 2007First PA with EU signed on TF Conductor End January, 2008Submission of DAC files including RPrS to Nuclear Safety Authority 12 February 2008First PA with Russia signed on TF Conductor April 2008Construction Permit for nuclear buildings was awarded

7 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page June 2008 The 2 nd Meeting of the ITER Council in Aomori, Japan (Project Specification was approved, Reference Schedule was agreed for planning purposes and Briscoe Panel was set up, etc.) October 2008All DAs were established November 2008 The 3 rd Meeting of the ITER Council in Cadarache (3 pilot IPTs were agreed, etc.) November 2008Moving to the HQ Building on-site March 2009ITER Site Platform completed June 2009The 4 th Meeting of the ITER Council in Mito, Japan (Updated Schedule was endorsed as a working basis for further development of ITER Baseline, etc) October 2009Briscoe Panel Review on the new cost estimates November th ITER council could not accept 2018 First Plasma Schedule March 2010MAC recommends 2019 FP schedule to be used for preparation of baseline and approval in June 2010 by Council

8 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 8 ITER Organization Structure Tim Watson

9 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 9 Staffing Status By 31 December 2009, the ITER Organization had a total of 430 staff members, comprising 291 professional and 139 technical support staff members. In addition, as of end of 2009 there were around 330 external contractors. Professional staff Support staff Total CN EU IN14 28 JA22628 KO20424 RU21223 US23629 Total

10 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 10 ITER - a multicultural organization 25 nationalities

11 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 11 The ITER Organization and the ITER Domestic Agencies

12 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 12 ITER Organization Seven Members (Domestic Agencies, DA) –Planning / Design* –Integration / QA / Safety / Licensing / Schedule –Installation –Testing + Commissioning –Operation –Detailing / Designing* –Procuring / Manufacturing –Delivering –Supporting installation –Conformance * Depending on type of specification - Functional: Functional requirements by IO and design by DAs - Detail design: Conceptual design by IO and detailed design by DAs - Build-to-print: Detailed design by IO and fabrication/shop design by DAs Integration between IO and DAs - Basic Roles and Responsibilities -

13 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 13 Main Buildings on the ITER Site A facility licensed under the French Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ASN) Will cover an area of about 60 ha Large buildings up to 250m long Large number of systems Tritium Cryoplant Magnet power convertor Cooling towers Hot cell Tokamak PF Coils winding Main Office Control

14 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 14 Feeders (31) (NbTi) Correction Coils (18) (NbTi) Poloidal Field Coils (6) (NbTi) Toroidal Field Coils (18) (Nb 3 Sn) Central Solenoid (6) (Nb 3 Sn) Divertor (54 cassettes) Blanket (440 modules) Cryostat (29 m high x 28 m dia.) Vacuum Vessel (9 sectors) Thermal Shield (4 sub-assemblies) In-Vessel Coils (2-VS & 27-ELM) Status of ITER’s technical progress (highlights) Fusion gain Q = 10, Fusion Power: ~500MW, Ohmic burn 300 to 500 sec Goal Q=5 for 3000 sec Machine mass: t (cryostat + VV + magnets) - shielding, divertor and manifolds: 7945 t port plugs - magnet systems: t; cryostat: 820 t

15 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 15 Magnet Energy Comparison Superconducting Magnet Energy: ~51 GJ Charles de Gaulle Energy: ~38000 t at ~150 km/hr

16 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 16 TF Coil – Mass Comparison Mass of (1) TF Coil: ~360 t 16 m Tall x 9 m Wide Boeing (Maximum Takeoff Weight) ~377 t

17 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 17 TF and PF Jacketing in: RF JA US CN

18 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 18 ITER Procurement - a Worldwide Collaboration Example: TF Coils

19 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 19 Overview of Schedule for 2019 First Plasma First Plasma ITER Construction TF Coils (EU) Tokamak Assembly Tokamak Basic Machine Assembly Ex Vessel Assembly In Vessel Assembly Start Install CS Start Cryostat Closure Pump Down & Integrated Commissioning Start Machine Assembly ITER Operations Assembly Phase 2 Assembly Phase 3 Plasma Operations 2023 Buildings & Site CS Coil Case Winding Mockups Complete TF10 TF15 VV Fabrication Contract Award VV 05 VV09 VV07 Vacuum Vessel (EU) CS Final Design Approved CS3L CS3U CS Ready for Machine Assembly Construction Contract Award Tokamak Bldg 11 RFE

20 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page signed Procurement Arrangements as of 16 March 2010 REFERENCESignature date 11.1.P6A.JA.01 TF Conductors28 November P6A.EU.01 TF Conductors18 December P6A.RF.01 TF Conductors12 February P6A.KO.01 TF Conductors07 May P6A.CN.01 TF Conductors16 June P1A.EU.01 TF Magnet Windings20 June P6C.CN.01 PF Conductors10 October P1B.JA.01 TF Magnet Windings19 November P2B.JA.01 TF Magnet Structures19 November P2.EU.01 PF Coil Winding Facility19 November P1A.KO.01 Main Vessel19 November P2A.KO.01 Equatorial and Lower Ports19 November P2.EU.02 Architect Engineering Services4 May P2.EU.03 Tokamak Pit Excavation and Drainage 4 May P2.EU.04 Seismic Isolation Pads4 May P7A.IN.01 Diagnostic neutral Beam Power Supply 19 April P6C.EU.01 PF Conductors4 May P2C.RF.01 Divertor Dome9 June 2009

21 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 21 REFERENCESignature datekIUA P2B.RF.01 Upper Ports9 June P6A.US.01 TF Conductors18 June P1A-1B.US.01 Tokamak Cooling Water System18 June P2A. JA.01 Divertor Outer Vertical Target17 June P3A-B.EU.01 PF Magnets 2,3,4,5,6 (EU)19 June P6.EU.01 Power Supply for Heating Neutral Beam ( Low Voltage) 13 July P2A.KO.01 Machine Assembly Tooling3 August P1B.IN.01.0 VV In-Wall Shielding Block Assemblies24 September P6C.RF.01 PF Conductors2 October P1A-P8B.EU.01 SSEPN and PPEN Detailed System Engineering Design 26 October P1A.EU.01.0 VV Main Vessel 7 sectors19 November P6B.JA.01 Central Solenoid Conductor8 December P3.IN.01.0 IC H&CD RF Power Sources4 February P2D.RF.01 PFC HHF Tests23 February P2B.EU.01 Inner Vertical Targets12 March P4A-B.US.01 CS Magnet12 March 2010 Total Signed Value (about 41% of the total in-kind PA value) kIUA ( EUR 1,900 million)

22 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 22 Procurement Arrangements (PAs) As of 18 March 2010, there are a total of 34 signed PAs, amounting to kIUA (approximately EUR 1,900 million), about 41% of the total in-kind PA value; 19 PAs are scheduled to be signed by August 2010 for a total of kIUA (an estimated EUR 1,186 million).

23 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 23 by August 2010 according to the IPS PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS PA REFERENCE 2019 IPS DATE PROJECTION DATE P2B.EU.01 Inner Vertical Targets 5-Jan-1012-Mar P7B.IN.01 Diagnostic Neutral Beam Line 14-Jan-1022-Mar P2.US.01 IC Transmission Lines 22-Jan-10March P2.EU.05 Building Construction 29-Jan-10April P4A-B.US.01 CS Magnet 19-Feb Mar P6.JA.01 NB H&CD Power Supply for Heating Neutral Beam 22-Feb- 10 March P2C.CN.01 Magnet Supports 26-Feb- 10 March P4.IN.01 IC H&CD Radio Frequency Power Supply 31-Mar- 10 March P3C.CN.01 Correction Coils 31-Mar- 10 March 2010

24 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 24 PA REFERENCE 2019 IPS DATE PROJECTION DATE P1.KO.01 Thermal Shield 12-Mar-10April P6C.CN.02 Conductors for Correction Coils and Feeders 31-Mar-10March P2A.EU.01 Pre Compression Rings 31-Mar-10April P3A.RF.01 PF Magnet 1 31-Mar-10April P2.US.01 EC Main Transmission 13-Apr-10April P2A.IN.01 Component Cooling Water System (CCWS) Chilled Water System (CHWS) and Heat Rejection System (HRS) 16-Apr-1022-Mar P5A.CN.01 Magnet Feeders 16-Apr-10September P2.IN.01 Lower Pipe Chase Cryolines 23-Apr-10April 2010 by August 2010 according to the IPS PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS

25 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 25 PA REFERENCE 2019 IPS DATE PROJECTIO N DATE P1A.IN.01 Cryostat 25-Jun- 10 October P2.CN.01 AC/DC Convertors 13-Jul-10July P2.KO.01 AC/DC Convertors 13-Jul-10July P3.RF.01 Switching Network, Fast Discharge Units, DC Busbar & Instrumentation 19-Jul-10July 2010 by August 2010 according to the IPS PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS

26 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 26 ITER Schedule Following First Plasma: Path to DT in First Plasma ITER Commissioning and Operations DD & Trace DT Operations Full DT First Plasma Hydrogen Operations Hydrogen Operations & Coil Commissioning Shutdown Commission Shutdown Install In- Vessel Equipment, ECRH & ⅓ Diagnostics Install Blanket, Divertors,1 st NBI, ICRH? & ⅓ Diagnostics 2026 Hydrogen Operations 500 MW Fusion Attempt All H&CD Fully Commissioned Tritium Plant Ready for Nuclear Operation Tritium Plant Full DT Throughput H & He Operations Pre-Nuclear Shutdown 2027 Install 2nd- NBI, & ⅓ Diagnostics Commission Neutron Diagnostic Calibration

27 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 27 The IO works towards finalizing a full set of baseline documents by the end April (scope, schedule, cost); Scope is set in Schedule agreed as working basis in March 2010; Resource loading of IPS for the IO is ongoing; The acceptance of the ITER baseline towards a commonly agreed upon schedule is a huge step forward, since every party is committed to a common plan. What is Next?

28 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 28 1 Present ITER Construction Site JWS 2JWS 3 The creation and improvement of 106 kilometres of access roads from Fos harbour to Cadarache will be finished by February Future Tokamak Complex

29 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 29 Itinerary of ITER Components = Itinerary of ITER Components ITER Site

30 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 30 Operation upgrade, construction Today’s expts. ITER IFMIF DEMO Commercial Power Plants Construction H 2nd DT Op. Phase DTD Test/Optimise Blanket ConstructionQualify DEMO Materials Optimise MaterialsDesign ConstructionInitial OperationReliability demo Concept Design ConstructionOp. Des. Alternative Confinement Schemes The Roadmap Beyond ITER

31 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 31 Summary It took almost four years to re-baseline ITER and have a common understanding of the real cost of ITER. In the parties and for the IO. The baseline decision by Council in June 2010 will set the real trigger for all countries to now move at the same pace. We still have lots of things to improve, technically, managerially and also in interfacing with industry partners.

32 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 32 ITER Licensing Process Accordance with French regulations ITER is a “basic nuclear facility” (Installation Nucléaire de Base, INB) e.g. labs, fuel plants, not fission reactors. Compliance with international standards of safety (IAEA) Licensing process: –Safety options report submitted and reviewed 2002 –Series of informal technical meetings with the authorities (ASN) and their technical advisors (IRSN), 2006 – –License application documents were submitted January 2008 Request for authorisation (Demande d’Autorisation de Création, DAC), including Impact Study Preliminary Safety Report (Rapport Préliminaire de Sûreté, RPrS) Examination of files submitted in January 2008 –Authorities (ASN & IRSN) reviewed our files for acceptability –In July 2008, they requested detailed additional information in the files –DAC and RPrS are now being updated, for re-submission in 2010 Next: Public Enquiry. Then examination by panel of independent experts (Groupe Permanent) to advise ASN.

33 2 nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 33 Current status (October 2009) All RPrS chapters and Impact Study are in first draft –Some require completion with the outcome of safety analyses in progress, or design information from baseline documents to be fixed Many annexe documents completed –Translation into French under way Reviews of RPrS to be held October – December, by technical ROs, Safety Control Division (“second level” check), and in review including external experts - English version to be finalized by end of 2009 Translation in French and final checking –Submission expected end of February 2010 Should lead to issue of decree allowing “creation” of facility. –Further processes will follow to obtain authorisation for commissioning and start-up.


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