Presentation on theme: "Office of Central Integration and Engineering"— Presentation transcript:
1 Office of Central Integration and Engineering Status of ITER2nd RCM-FENDL-323rd March 2010Michael LoughlinOffice of Central Integration and EngineeringITER
2 Toward a Solution based on Tokamaks ITER is the Next StepToward a Solution based on Tokamaks
3 Four New Superconducting Tokamaks will Address Steady-State Advanced Tokamak Issues in Non-Burning PlasmasSST-1: R =1.1m, 0.22MA, 2008EAST: R = 1.7m, 2MA, 2006JT-60SA: R = 3m, 5.5 MA, 2014KSTAR: R = 1.8m, 2MA, 2008
4 ITER – Key FactsMega-Science Project among 7 Members:China, EU, India, Japan, Korea, Russia & USDesigned to produce 500 MW of fusion power for an extended period of time with a Q of 1010 years construction, 20 years operationCost: ~5.4 billion Euros approved for construction, and ~5.5 billion for operation and decommissioningEU 5/11, other six parties 1/11 each. Overall reserve of 10% of total.European UnionCNINRFKOJPUS
5 Procurement Sharing- A unique feature of ITER is that almost all of the machine will be constructed through in kind procurement from the Members with essentially every member involved in every component.
6 Overview of the Major Development of the ITER Project May 2006ITER Management Structure decided at IPC-8 Meeting in Goa, India21 November 2006The ITER Agreements signed in ParisDec Dec. 2007ITER Design Review24 October 2007ITER Organization formally established7 November 2007Headquarters Agreement signed between France and the IO27-28 November 2007The 1st meeting of the ITER Council (DG, PDDG and DDGs were appointed, etc.)28 November 2007First PA with Japan signed on TF Conductor18 December 2007First PA with EU signed on TF ConductorEnd January, 2008Submission of DAC files including RPrS to Nuclear Safety Authority12 February 2008First PA with Russia signed on TF ConductorApril 2008Construction Permit for nuclear buildings was awarded
7 All DAs were established 19-20 November 2008 17-18 June 2008The 2nd Meeting of the ITER Council in Aomori, Japan (Project Specification was approved, Reference Schedule was agreed for planning purposes and Briscoe Panel was set up, etc.)October 2008All DAs were established19-20 November 2008The 3rd Meeting of the ITER Council in Cadarache (3 pilot IPTs were agreed, etc.)November 2008Moving to the HQ Building on-siteMarch 2009ITER Site Platform completed17-18 June 2009The 4th Meeting of the ITER Council in Mito, Japan (Updated Schedule was endorsed as a working basis for further development of ITER Baseline, etc)October 2009Briscoe Panel Review on the new cost estimatesNovember 20095th ITER council could not accept 2018 First Plasma ScheduleMarch 2010MAC recommends 2019 FP schedule to be used for preparation of baseline and approval in June 2010 by Council
9 Staffing StatusBy 31 December 2009, the ITER Organization had a total of 430 staff members, comprising 291 professional and 139 technical support staff members. In addition, as of end of 2009 there were around 330 external contractors.Professional staffSupport staffTotalCN16 117EU175106281IN1428JA226KO20424RU21223US2929113943099
10 ITER - a multicultural organization 25 nationalities10
11 The ITER Organization and the ITER Domestic Agencies 11
12 ITER Organization Seven Members (Domestic Agencies, DA) Integration between IO and DAs - Basic Roles and Responsibilities -ITEROrganizationSeven Members(Domestic Agencies, DA)Planning / Design*Integration / QA / Safety / Licensing / ScheduleInstallationTesting + CommissioningOperationDetailing / Designing*Procuring / ManufacturingDeliveringSupporting installationConformance* Depending on type of specification- Functional: Functional requirements by IO and design by DAs- Detail design: Conceptual design by IO and detailed design by DAs- Build-to-print: Detailed design by IO and fabrication/shop design by DAs
13 Main Buildings on the ITER Site Magnet power convertor A facility licensed under the French Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ASN)PF Coils windingTokamakCryoplantTritiumMagnet power convertorCooling towersHot cellThe Major Technical Systems:A ~50kW Cryogenics Plant.~1 GVA electrical installation power in + out.A tritium plant to fuel the plasma and recover the tritium. ~3kg.A Neutral Beam (H-) system for ~40 MW.2-3 RF systems ~50MHz, GHZ, and 3.5 GHz providing 20-40MW each.Full remote handling capability for the Tokamak including the “hot cell”.Waste stream management plan.Will cover an area of about 60 haLarge buildings up to 250m longLarge number of systemsMain OfficeControl
14 Status of ITER’s technical progress (highlights) Fusion gain Q = 10, Fusion Power: ~500MW, Ohmic burn 300 to 500 secGoal Q=5 for 3000 secCentral Solenoid (6)(Nb3Sn)Cryostat(29 m high x 28 m dia.)Thermal Shield(4 sub-assemblies)Toroidal Field Coils (18)(Nb3Sn)Vacuum Vessel(9 sectors)Poloidal Field Coils (6)(NbTi)In-Vessel Coils(2-VS & 27-ELM)Correction Coils (18)(NbTi)Blanket(440 modules)Divertor(54 cassettes)Feeders (31)(NbTi)Machine mass: t (cryostat + VV + magnets)- shielding, divertor and manifolds: 7945 t port plugs- magnet systems: t; cryostat: 820 t14
15 Magnet Energy Comparison Superconducting Magnet Energy:~51 GJCharles de Gaulle Energy:~38000 t at ~150 km/hr
16 (Maximum Takeoff Weight) TF Coil – Mass ComparisonBoeing(Maximum Takeoff Weight)~377 tMass of (1) TF Coil:~360 t16 m Tall x 9 m Wide
18 ITER Procurement - a Worldwide Collaboration Example: TF Coils
19 Overview of Schedule for 2019 First Plasma 20102011201220132014201520162017201820192020ITER ConstructionTF Coils (EU)Tokamak AssemblyTokamak Basic Machine AssemblyEx Vessel AssemblyIn Vessel AssemblyStart Install CS Start Cryostat ClosurePump Down & Integrated CommissioningStart Machine Assembly20212022ITER OperationsAssembly Phase 2Assembly Phase 3Plasma Operations2023Buildings & SiteCS CoilCase Winding Mockups Complete TF TF15VV Fabrication Contract Award VV VV VV07Vacuum Vessel (EU)CS Final Design Approved CS3L CS3U CS Ready for Machine AssemblyConstruction Contract Award Tokamak Bldg 11 RFE
20 34 signed Procurement Arrangements as of 16 March 2010 REFERENCESignature date11.1.P6A.JA.01 TF Conductors28 November 200721.1.P6A.EU.01 TF Conductors18 December 200731.1.P6A.RF.01 TF Conductors12 February 200841.1.P6A.KO.01 TF Conductors07 May 200851.1.P6A.CN.01 TF Conductors16 June 200861.1.P1A.EU.01 TF Magnet Windings20 June 200871.1.P6C.CN.01 PF Conductors10 October 200881.1.P1B.JA.01 TF Magnet Windings19 November 200891.1.P2B.JA.01 TF Magnet Structures106.2.P2.EU.01 PF Coil Winding Facility111.5.P1A.KO.01 Main Vessel121.5.P2A.KO.01 Equatorial and Lower Ports136.2.P2.EU.02 Architect Engineering Services4 May 2009146.2.P2.EU.03 Tokamak Pit Excavation and Drainage156.2.P2.EU.04 Seismic Isolation Pads165.3.P7A.IN.01 Diagnostic neutral Beam Power Supply19 April 2009171.1.P6C.EU.01 PF Conductors181.7.P2C.RF.01 Divertor Dome9 June 2009
21 (about 41% of the total in-kind PA value) REFERENCESignature datekIUA191.5.P2B.RF.01 Upper Ports9 June 2009201.1.P6A.US.01 TF Conductors18 June 2009212.6.P1A-1B.US.01 Tokamak Cooling Water System221.7.P2A. JA.01 Divertor Outer Vertical Target17 June 2009231.1.P3A-B.EU.01 PF Magnets 2,3,4,5,6 (EU)19 June 2009245.3.P6.EU.01 Power Supply for Heating Neutral Beam ( Low Voltage)13 July 2009252.2.P2A.KO.01 Machine Assembly Tooling3 August 2009261.5.P1B.IN.01.0 VV In-Wall Shielding Block Assemblies24 September 09271.1.P6C.RF.01 PF Conductors2 October 09284.1.P1A-P8B.EU.01 SSEPN and PPEN Detailed System Engineering Design26 October 09291.5.P1A.EU.01.0 VV Main Vessel 7 sectors19 November 09301.1.P6B.JA.01 Central Solenoid Conductor8 December 09315.1.P3.IN.01.0 IC H&CD RF Power Sources4 February 2010321.7. P2D.RF.01 PFC HHF Tests23 February 2010331.7.P2B.EU.01 Inner Vertical Targets12 March 2010341.1.P4A-B.US.01 CS MagnetTotal Signed Value(about 41% of the total in-kind PA value)kIUA( EUR 1,900 million)
22 Procurement Arrangements (PAs) As of 18 March 2010, there are a total of 34 signed PAs, amounting to kIUA (approximately EUR 1,900 million), about 41% of the total in-kind PA value;19 PAs are scheduled to be signed by August 2010 for a total of kIUA (an estimated EUR 1,186 million).
23 PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS PA REFERENCE2019 IPS DATEPROJECTION DATE11.7.P2B.EU.01 Inner Vertical Targets5-Jan-1012-Mar-1025.3.P7B.IN.01 Diagnostic Neutral Beam Line14-Jan-1022-Mar-1035.1.P2.US.01 IC Transmission Lines22-Jan-10March 201046.2.P2.EU.05 Building Construction29-Jan-10April 201051.1.P4A-B.US.01 CS Magnet19-Feb-1065.3.P6.JA.01 NB H&CD Power Supply for Heating Neutral Beam22-Feb-10March 201071.1.P2C.CN.01 Magnet Supports26-Feb-1085.1.P4.IN.01 IC H&CD Radio Frequency Power Supply31-Mar-1091.1.P3C.CN.01 Correction Coils
24 PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS PA REFERENCE2019 IPS DATEPROJECTION DATE102.7.P1.KO.01 Thermal Shield12-Mar-10April 2010111.1.P6C.CN.02 Conductors for Correction Coils and Feeders31-Mar-10March 2010121.1.P2A.EU.01 Pre Compression Rings131.1.P3A.RF.01 PF Magnet 1145.2.P2.US.01 EC Main Transmission13-Apr-10152.6.P2A.IN.01 Component Cooling Water System (CCWS) Chilled Water System (CHWS) and Heat Rejection System (HRS)16-Apr-1022-Mar-10161.1.P5A.CN.01 Magnet FeedersSeptember 2010173.4.P2.IN.01 Lower Pipe Chase Cryolines23-Apr-10
25 PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS PA REFERENCE2019 IPS DATEPROJECTION DATE182.4.P1A.IN.01 Cryostat25-Jun-10October 2010194.1.P2.CN.01 AC/DC Convertors13-Jul-10July 2010204.1.P2.KO.01 AC/DC Convertors214.1.P3.RF.01 Switching Network, Fast Discharge Units, DC Busbar & Instrumentation19-Jul-10
26 ITER Schedule Following First Plasma: Path to DT in 2026 ITER Commissioning and Operations201920202021202220232024202520262027Hydrogen Operations & Coil CommissioningShutdownFirst PlasmaCommissionInstall In-Vessel Equipment, ECRH & ⅓ DiagnosticsHydrogen OperationsTritium Plant Full DT ThroughputInstall Blanket, Divertors,1st NBI, ICRH? & ⅓ DiagnosticsShutdownInstall 2nd-NBI, & ⅓ DiagnosticsCommissionH & He OperationsTritium Plant Ready for Nuclear OperationPre-Nuclear ShutdownAll H&CD Fully CommissionedNeutron Diagnostic CalibrationHydrogen OperationsDD & Trace DT OperationsFull DT500 MW Fusion Attempt
27 What is Next?The IO works towards finalizing a full set of baseline documents by the end April (scope, schedule, cost);Scope is set in Schedule agreed as working basis in March 2010;Resource loading of IPS for the IO is ongoing;The acceptance of the ITER baseline towards a commonly agreed upon schedule is a huge step forward, since every party is committed to a common plan.27
28 Present ITER Construction Site Future Tokamak ComplexJWS 2JWS 3The creation and improvement of 106 kilometres of access roads from Fos harbour to Cadarache will be finished by February128
29 Itinerary of ITER Components ITER SiteTHE objectives set out for ITER are basically two:ONE: to obtain and study a plasma where the alpha particle heating is dominating all other forms of heating.ITER will operate with a value of capital Q greater than 10.The fusion power in ITER will be about 500MW, the input power about 50MW.And TWO: it has to integrate the technology required for future use of fusion as an energy source
30 The Roadmap Beyond ITER upgrade, constructionOperationToday’sexpts.Des.ConstructionHDDT2nd DT Op. PhaseITERTest/Optimise BlanketDesignConstructionQualify DEMO MaterialsOptimise MaterialsIFMIFFrom present generation machine such as JET, in the roadmap to the fusion reactor, the ITER will be to demonstrate the physics base, however this will be done with a limited neutron fluence (about 3 dpa)., For the design and construction of the Demo, we must test and qualify materials up to 150 dpa. This will be done in the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility; ITER and IFMIF will provide the database for the construction of the DEMO reactor that will start producing electricity by 2035.DesignConstructionInitial OperationReliability demoDEMOConceptDesignConstructionOp.AlternativeConfinementSchemesCommercialPower Plants
31 SummaryIt took almost four years to re-baseline ITER and have a common understanding of the real cost of ITER. In the parties and for the IO.The baseline decision by Council in June 2010 will set the real trigger for all countries to now move at the same pace.We still have lots of things to improve, technically, managerially and also in interfacing with industry partners.
32 ITER Licensing Process Accordance with French regulations ITER is a “basic nuclear facility” (Installation Nucléaire de Base, INB) e.g. labs, fuel plants, not fission reactors. Compliance with international standards of safety (IAEA)Licensing process:Safety options report submitted and reviewed 2002Series of informal technical meetings with the authorities (ASN) and their technical advisors (IRSN), 2006 – 2008.License application documents were submitted January 2008Request for authorisation (Demande d’Autorisation de Création, DAC), including Impact StudyPreliminary Safety Report (Rapport Préliminaire de Sûreté, RPrS)Examination of files submitted in January 2008Authorities (ASN & IRSN) reviewed our files for acceptabilityIn July 2008, they requested detailed additional information in the filesDAC and RPrS are now being updated, for re-submission in 2010Next: Public Enquiry. Then examination by panel of independent experts (Groupe Permanent) to advise ASN.
33 Current status (October 2009) All RPrS chapters and Impact Study are in first draftSome require completion with the outcome of safety analyses in progress, or design information from baseline documents to be fixedMany annexe documents completedTranslation into French under wayReviews of RPrS to be held October – December, by technical ROs, Safety Control Division (“second level” check), and in review including external experts - English version to be finalized by end of 2009Translation in French and final checkingSubmission expected end of February 2010Should lead to issue of decree allowing “creation” of facility.Further processes will follow to obtain authorisation for commissioning and start-up.