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Quattrocento Italian Art. Theme: PMA Positive Mental Attitude Humanism: emphasis on education, expanding knowledge (esp of Classical antiquities and literature),

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Presentation on theme: "Quattrocento Italian Art. Theme: PMA Positive Mental Attitude Humanism: emphasis on education, expanding knowledge (esp of Classical antiquities and literature),"— Presentation transcript:

1 Quattrocento Italian Art

2 Theme: PMA Positive Mental Attitude Humanism: emphasis on education, expanding knowledge (esp of Classical antiquities and literature), exploration of individual potential and desire to excel, commitment to moral responsibility and moral duty

3 Theme: PMA Perspective, Modeling, and Anatomy Development of linear perspective (Brunelleschi and Alberti) Use of modeling (shading) to create volume, depth, and atmospheric perspective Reintroduction of contrapposto and careful study of the human body

4 Theme: PMA Triangular composition Interest in symmetry, balance, and harmony Geometric and mathematical perfection as a reflection of the divine P M A

5 Theme: PAM Pam = grease PAM = Greece Renaissance artists would have been “stuck” without Classical influences

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7 Filippo Brunelleschi Sacrifice of Isaac 1401-1402 gilded bronze relief 1 ft. 9 in. x 1 ft. 5 in.

8 Lorenzi Ghiberti Sacrifice of Isaac 1401-1402 gilded bronze relief 1 ft. 9 in. x 1 ft. 5 in.

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10 Donatello Feast of Herod Baptistery, Siena Cathedral ca. 1425 gilded bronze relief 1 ft. 11 in. x 1 ft. 11 in.

11 Lorenzo Ghiberti Gates of Paradise Baptistery, Florence Cathedral 1425-1452 gilded bronze relief approximately 17 ft. high

12 Lorenzo Ghiberti Gates of Paradise Isaac and His Sons Baptistery, Florence Cathedral 1425-1452 gilded bronze relief panel approximately 2 ft. 7 1/2 in. x 2 ft. 7 1/2 in.

13 Lorenzo Ghiberti Isaac and His Sons Baptistery, Florence Cathedral 1425-1452 gilded bronze relief

14 “Harmony and concord of all the parts achieved in such a manner that nothing could be added or taken away or altered except for the worse” - Marcus Vitruvius (c. 80 – 15 BCE) author of De Architectura Vitruvian Archtiecture (De Architectura ) The only surviving Classical text on architecture. There are three necessary qualities all buildings should possess. They must be: solid useful beautiful

15 Filippo Brunelleschi dome of Florence Cathedral Florence, Italy 1420-1436

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17 Filippo Brunelleschi interior of Santo Spirito Florence, Italy begun ca. 1436

18 Filippo Brunelleschi plan of Santo Spirito Florence, Italy begun ca. 1436 planned constructed

19 Filippo Brunelleschi interior of Santo Spirito Florence, Italy begun ca. 1436

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21 Filippo Brunelleschi Pazzi, Chapel, Santa Croce Florence, Italy begun ca. 1440

22 Filippo Brunelleschi (loggia by Giuliano da Maiano) Pazzi, Chapel, Santa Croce Florence, Italy begun ca. 1440

23 Filippo Brunelleschi Pazzi, Chapel, Santa Croce Florence, Italy begun ca. 1440

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25 Leon Battista Alberti Palazzo Rucellai Florence, Italy ca. 1452-1470

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27 Leon Battista Alberti West façade of Santa Maria Novella Florence, Italy ca. 1458-1470

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29 Michelozzo di Bartolommeo Palazzo Medici-Riccardi Florence, Italy begun 1444

30 Michelozzo di Bartolommeo Palazzo Medici-Riccardi Florence, Italy begun 1444

31 Donatello Saint George ca. 1415-1417 marble 6 ft. 10 in. high

32 Donatello Saint George ca. 1415-1417 marble 6 ft. 10 in. high

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34 Donatello Saint Mark Or San Michele, Florence, Italy 1411-1413 marble figure 7 ft. 9 in. high

35 Donatello Saint Mark Or San Michele, Florence, Italy 1411-1413 marble figure 7 ft. 9 in. high

36 Nanni di Banco Quattro Santo Coronati Or San Michele, Florence, Italy ca. 1408-1414 marble figure approximately life-size

37 Nanni di Banco Quattro Santo Coronati Or San Michele, Florence, Italy ca. 1408-1414 marble figure approximately life-size

38 Donatello prophet figure (Zuccone) Florence Cathedral, Florence, Italy 1423-1425 marble figure 6 ft. 5 in. high

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41 Gentile da Fabriano Adoration of the Magi Altarpiece from Santa Trinita, Florence, Italy 1423 tempera on wood approximately 9 ft. 11 in. x 9 ft. 3 in.

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43 Masaccio Tribute Money Brancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, Italy ca. 1427 fresco 8 ft. 1 in. x 19 ft. 7 in.

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45 Masaccio Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Eden Brancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, Italy ca. 1425 fresco 7 ft. x 2 ft. 11 in.

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47 Masaccio Holy Trinity Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy ca. 1428 fresco 21 ft. x 10 ft. 5 in.

48 Masaccio Holy Trinity Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy ca. 1428 fresco 21 ft. x 10 ft. 5 in.

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52 Paolo Uccello Battle of San Romano ca. 1455 tempera on wood approximately 6 ft. x 10 ft. 5 in.

53 Sandro Botticelli The Birth of Venus ca. 1482 tempera on canvas 5 ft. 8 in. x 9 ft. 1 in.

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55 Sandro Botticelli Adoration of the Magi ca. 1470 panel 43 3/4 in. x 52 3/4 in.

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57 Sandro Botticelli Portrait of a Youth early 1480s tempera on panel 16 x 12 in.

58 Donatello David ca. 1428-1432 bronze 5 ft. 2 1/4 in. high

59 Donatello Judith Beheading Holofernes David

60 Andrea del Verrocchio David ca. 1465-1470 bronze approximately 4 ft. 1 1/2 in. high

61 Antonio Pollaiuolo Hercules and Anteus ca. 1475 bronze approximately 18 in. high

62 Antonio Pollaiuolo Battle of the Ten Nudes ca. 1465 engraving approximately 15 x 23 in.

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65 Bernardo Rossellino Tomb of Leonardo Bruni Santa Croce, Florence, Italy ca. 1445-1450 marble 20 ft. high

66 Domenico Ghirlandaio Giovanna Tornabuoni 1448 oil and tempera on wood approximately 2 ft. 6 in. x 1 ft. 8 in.

67 Domenico Ghirlandaio A Man with His Grandchild ca. 1480-90 oil and tempera on wood 24 3/8 in. x 18 1/8 in.

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69 Domenico Ghirlandaio Birth of the Virgin Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy 1485-1490 fresco

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71 Donatello Gattamelata (Erasmo da Narni) Piazza del Santo, Padua, Italy ca. 1445-1450 bronze approximately 11 x 13 ft.

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73 Andrea del Verrocchio Bartolommeo Colleoni Campo dei Santi, Venice Italy ca. 1483-1488 bronze approximately 13 ft. high

74 Melozzo da Forli Pope Sixtus IV, His Nephews and the Librarian Platina 1480-1481 fresco (transferred to canvas) 13 ft. 1 in. x 10 ft. 4 in.

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76 Fra Angelico Annunciation San Marco, Florence, Italy ca. 1440-1445 fresco 7 ft. 1 in. x 10 ft. 6 in.

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79 Andrea del Castagno Last Supper Refectory monastery of Sant’Apollonia, Florence, Italy 1447 fresco approximately 15 x 32 ft.

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81 Fra Filippo Lippi Madonna and Child with Angels ca. 1455 tempera on wood approximately 3 ft. x 2 ft. 1 in.

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83 Luca della Robbia Madonna and Child Or San Michele, Florence, Italy ca. 1455-1460 terracotta with polychrome glaze diameter approximately 6 ft.

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85 Perugino Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, Italy 1481-1483 fresco 11 ft. 5 1/2 in. x 18 ft. 8 1/2 in.

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88 Leon Battista Alberti façade of Sant’Andrea Mantua, Italy designed ca. 1470

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92 Andrea Mantegna Camera degli Sposi Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy 1474 fresco

93 Andrea Mantegna Camera degli Sposi ceiling Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy 1474 fresco 8 ft. 9 in. diameter

94 Andrea Mantegna Camera degli Sposi ceiling Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy 1474 fresco 8 ft. 9 in. diameter

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96 Andrea Mantegna Saint James Lead to Martyrdom Ovetari Chapel, Church of the Eremitani, Padua, Italy ca. 1455 fresco 10 ft. 9 in. wide

97 Andrea Mantegna Dead Christ ca. 1501 tempera on canvas 2 ft. 2 3/4 in. x 2 ft. 7 7/8 in.

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99 Piero della Francesca Finding of the True Cross, Proving of the True Cross San Francesco, Arezzo, Italy ca. 1455 fresco 11 ft. 8 3/8 in. x 6 ft. 4 in.

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101 Piero della Francesca Resurrection Palazzo Comunale, Borgo San Sepolcro, Italy ca. 1463 fresco 7 ft. 5 in. x 6 ft. 6 1/2 in.

102 Piero della Francesca Enthroned Madonna and Saints Adored by Federico de Montefeltro ca. 1472-1474 oil on panel 8 ft. 2 in. x 5 ft. 7 in.

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105 Luca Signorelli Damned Cast into Hell San Brizio Chapel, Orvietto Cathedral, Orvietto, Italy 1499-1504 fresco approximately 23 ft. wide

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