Presentation on theme: "Judith LaPlante Powell High School"— Presentation transcript:
1Judith LaPlante Powell High School JELAPLANTE@PCSD1.ORG Engineering Notebooks:Documenting the process of inquiry, exploration, and problem solving in project based educationIts not about notebook to compete really, its about some form of writing to document the “process”This isn’t about a domain specific document or a competitive notebook, but common themes that Haans talked about yesterday is what we are going to talk about todaySTEM can be about a lot of thingsThis talk is about documenting the process while being engaged in active learningI don’t come at this as an every day educator. I did not go to school to be a teacher, I am Computer Scientist. This is my second careerI managed Microsoft’s Visual Studio (Developer Tools)I saw documents every day and come at this problem with experience informed by 2 core concepts1 – notion of idea meritocracy. The best idea should always win2 – the best idea doesn’t always win because people aren’t able to communicate itI have seen too many time people with the very best technical answer not able to get that solution approved or get accepted into the team because they cant document the process they have been on. They can’t offer the compelling data, they can’t offer how they will fix problems.Judith LaPlantePowell High School
2Breadth of Students Prepared for STEM Jobs (infused & expert) AccountantInquiry, exploration, problem solvingTechnical WriterManufacturing/AssemblyProject ManagerSTEM infused vs STEM intensiveEngineers might be the ones who are naturally gravitate to my classes, but all the people in this company is designed for everyone, not just these people.I use a different version for each class, because they do change for each domain. You will have to customize the document, but about how to use this process for STEM infused careers.When I think about grading is more about the process of documenting the inquiring than the result.Varied skillstesters, document writers, dreamers, completers, startersOpens up to kids with different skillsI’d rather see someone try 20 times and get it right than get it right the first timeyou don’t learn from getting it right you learn from fixing itNeed something in school that rewards someone who tries and triesneed to reward someone who continues to improve upon it – that is the best student!I want students to take 20 attemptsJourney not the destinationReal Worldyou WILL write engineering specs, design documents, user manuals, schedules, etc…Rookie through expert graphicIf I get 10% of my STEM infused to be STEM expert I feel greatIf I get 90% of them to intermediate than I have achieved my goalsFrom infuser to experts is my goalEngineer/Developer/ScientistCEOQuality AssuranceArchitectChief Creative Officer
3Stacked Skills Real World Process vs Product Communication “Coachable” Peer ReviewArticulate Goals and Decision FrameworksFail Fast, Fail ForwardDocumenting the JourneyGood CommunicationStacked SkillsReal WorldProcess vs ProductComing from that perspective, these are the stackable student skills that we are looking to build and demonstrate using our “engineering notebook” as a tool.Just like Maslow's hierarchy of needs, you have to satisfy the first layer before the net layer, in the same way, the further up we move up this triangle, you need to master the unlaying skills first. Competency in those lower skills must increase to do the higher skills.I am going to talk about skills in three are, so I have layer those behind those skills.Communicationinvolves mix formatting, media, color, audience identificationclarity, domain specific termsJourneydo they know where they are in the process, can they manage time, can they work with othersFail Fastwhat are the lessons you learned from thembazillion engineering processes to follow, they are all cyclical and all involve refinementthis ties into technical writing. Write the solution as if someone else is reading it and using to solve the same problem.Goalscan they set and state a goal, can they work toward it, can they stay focused on it?The meta decisionsCoachablecan they take feedbackcan they improvecan they GIVE feedbackCommunication
4Beginner Communication Process vs Product Real World Answer questions Back up answers with factsProper formattingGood English conventionsUse multi mediaProcess vs ProductShow your workMake predictionsMake plansReflect on how it wentReal WorldTalking in front of peopleThis is the format you’ll see going forward in this presentationI will only list the skills I am teaching and enforcing, assuming that the next “level” can demonstrate those skills in addition to what is listed
5Your Turn Beginner Folder Compare Amazing 1 and Amazing 2 Which one is better? Why? Be Specific on where they meet the expectation for a beginner.Dark Side of the Moon 1 and 2Everything is digitally done. Nothing gets printed out.
6Students don’t write in complete sentences They want to regurgitate a fact and I want proof of conceptNot capturing when student fails, what failed and why, what to try next?Allowing them to complete the task first then write what they didIntrospection is a four letter wordNot capturing when student fails, what failed and why, what to try next? – talk with them, get them to “say it” before writing itAllowing them to complete the task first then write what they did – have them keep their robots on the shelf until you see they wrote something, have a class discussion before moving onto the “doing” partIntrospection is a four letter word – got to pry it out of them
7Intermediate Communication Process vs Product Real World Documents have cover pagesDocuments organized by date and topicDescribe the problem you are trying to solvePlans include parts and drawingsPros and consInclude photo of plans, drawingsProcess vs ProductInclude researchBreak down plans using charts, tables, decision trees, and drawingsBreak down the process into steps and turn in steps as you goPlans (including break down of work)Real WorldProduce own documents, not just fill in worksheetsStudent make documents from scratchLooking for more finished/polished formatLittle more depthNot given prompts
8Your Turn Intermediate Folder Compare: Mission 4 example 1 and 2 Where do they meet the expectation for an intermediate? How do they fall short? Is one noticeably better?
9Intermediate Other Examples Mission One Aquatic Robot PlanDetailed drawing with mathematical relationshipsNXT-G Engineering NotebookP 5 – Breakdown of tasks between team membersP 10 – poor drawingsP 11 – better idea for drawings, tasks being tracked dailyMission 4 Engineering NotebookP1 – requirements and constraintsP2 – images of designsP4 – summary of testing, table of movementsTeam PandoraP3 – using parts to describe robotP4 – Resource List and planP5 – math to determine distanceFinal ProjectP1 – cover pageP2 – great drawingsP3 – parts list and requirementsPruney RoboticsP2 – 4 - researchP7 – drawing of plan, used the actual fieldP8 – weekly feedbackStark IndustriesP1 – resource list with reasons behind their decisions
10Students don’t know the basics How to create a tableCan’t insert or edit an imageCan’t take and insert a screen showDon’t know how to create a cover pageCan’t describe the problem they are trying to fixDifficult to predict and schedule
11Proficient Communication Process vs Product Real World Clear description/Objective of task at handClear description of constraintsMore developed Pros and Cons lists (table or bulleted lists)Process vs ProductTable of contents kept up to dateDescription of predictions include evaluation of potential trouble spots and contingenciesReal WorldIn-depth study of how technical document differ from research papers and other English papers you do in school
12Your Turn Proficient Folder Compare: Team Scooby Snacks and No Comment NotebooksWhere do they meet the expectation for proficient? How do they fall short? Is one noticeably better?
13Proficient Other Examples No Comment NotebookTitle pageTable of contentsClear description of task at handEntries in chronological orderClear pros and cons listsImages and links to more informationObstacle RaceELL students – lots of writingGreat drawing using tools available
14Pros and Cons only touch the “surface” Entries in order but don’t capture anything but the dateStudents ignore constraintsUnclear goalsReasoning and criteria for decisions muddledNot using enough domain specific termsPlans are too high level and don’t contain contingencies
15Advanced Communication Process vs Product Real World Document independenceGiven set of expectations, students execute on projectsCoaching given weekly on document contentsExpect students to make changes and improvements every weekStudents allowed to use more variety of tools at their discretion
17Advanced Other Examples Team SnSLarge variety of methods to convey imagesTable of contents by date and topicP3 – chart showing critical thinkingP9 – table clearly comparing three designsP13 – clearly comparing three designs for considerationNo Comment NotebookMore developed table of contentsGood breakdown along the engineering process for organization, but did not follow it through until the endP4 – Excellent chart for comparisonP6-7 images showing progression of designSkillsUSA NotebookP2 concept of engineering process and how to organize their notebook (good) didn't follow through and that is evident in their final robot project.Trieme RoboticsP8 – star ratings to clearly compare designsp5-10 does a good job of the journey of how they looked at arm/claw/base subsystems.CONS - lacks any real criteria for determining and didn't close the loop on other subsystemspg 11/12 has some good hand drawings incorporated. some good pics throughout
18Not structuring the document to get the journey Getting “Dear Diary” entriesNot enough peer reviewCheck in/ feedback on the process being ignored
19Other Examples Computer Science Independent Study - CS - Apollo 2000 “advanced” studentP1 - Cover pageP2+ table of contents,P8 – Initial Entries document goals, problem and solutionP9-11 – Code samples, goals, external links, explanations – Off to a GREAT start!CS - Apollo 2000These are “beginner” students all working on one documentLots of drawingsWork is broken down by student so they know who is working on which part of the programCS - RoboBomb7 “beginner” students working on the same documentGood use of headingsBroken down by levels and owners
20SummaryWell designed engineering documentation assignments (short term or long term) can help make clear to the students the difference between work product and engineering processMust scale throughout their courseworkStarts with guided questions and teaching inquiry and predictionMoves to exploration & problem solvingProblem based learning -> project based learning -> challenge based learningLook for the journey not the out come - the inquiry, exploration, and problem solving are most importantCreate a culture where “failure IS a success” so long as the value created is the learning achieved