Presentation on theme: "The Education Service Contracting (ESC) Program of the Philippines"— Presentation transcript:
1The Education Service Contracting (ESC) Program of the Philippines Michael M. AlbaDe La Salle University Manila
2The ESC program in a nutshell provides a fixed tuition subsidyto graduates of public elementary schools who opt to enrollin participating private high schools.effectively, contracts private schoolsto provide secondary educationto students who otherwise would have attended public schools.
3Program Features Beneficiaries graduates of public elementary schools who opt to enroll in participating private high schoolsGrantees pay school fees and expenses in excess of the tuition subsidy.who are accepted by the participating private high schoolsA school committee processes applications and screens grant applicants.
4Program Features Benefits Requirements a fixed annual tuition subsidy through 4 years of high schoolValue of the grant since SY : PhP10,000 per year in NCR and PhP5,000 elsewhere in the country.RequirementsGrantees must pass all academic requirements in each year level.Grantees cannot take a leave from schooling except due to force majeure or illness.
5Program Features Service Providers Private high schools who apply to DepEd to participate in the programwho pass an annual certification process for quality of delivery.
6How the ESC Program came to be Education policy makers (in government and the private sector) wanted to make use of excess resources in private schools to address congestion and poor quality in public schoolsLegal basesRA 6728 of 1989: Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education (GASTPE)RA 8545 of 1998: Expanded GASTPE
7Program ObjectivesMake quality secondary education more accessible to poor Filipino studentsEnhance the complementary roles of public and private education sectorsMaximize the use of existing resources in the private education sectorRealize savings for the governmentEase the need for constructing new classrooms and hiring new teachers
8What has been achieved? (1) National Coverage as of SY476,776 grantees9.3 percent of 5.1 million students in public high schools35.8 percent of 1.3 million students in private high schools2,033 participating private high schools39.8 percent of 5,110 public high schoolsOn average, 4 private high schools handle the enrollment spillovers or congestion problems of 10 public high schools46.3 percent of 4,392 private high schools234.5 grantees per school, on average58.6 grantees per year level per school, on average
9What has been achieved? (2) The ESC program provides a lower cost alternative to direct public provision of educationCost of a public high school student: PhP9,048Cost of an ESC grantee: PhP5,344
10What has been achieved? (3a) On average, a participating school receives PhP1.18 million per year from DepEd due to the ESC programBut, in general, school fees exceed the ESC grant.The average support value of the ESC program is 0.67sv = ESC grant ÷ school fees
11ESC grants generate P4.43 billion in revenues for ESC schools ESC grantees shoulder P2.0 billion of the P4.43 billion.
12What has been achieved? (3b) In effect, the ESC program generates resources for participating schools, in excess of government transfers, since grantees make significant co-payments.More resources are thus generated for basic education.
13ChallengesCan the ESC program be expanded without increasing costs and lowering the quality of private school education?What is the cost structure of the program?What is the optimal mix of delivery? Will private schools themselves become congested or suffer in quality?Can the ESC program be better targeted to improve the overall accessibility and quality of secondary education?How can the ESC program be used to improve public high schools?