Presentation on theme: "NAPA (Developed in 2005, revised in 2009)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Integration of Climate Change in National Development Planning in Bangladesh
2 NAPA (Developed in 2005, revised in 2009) UNFCCC process-led, for LDCsTo highlight a few immediate & urgent projectsBCCSAP 2009GOB ledIntroduced programme ideas, no detailsNot yet linked with development planningYet to be owned by various relevant institutionsNAP… to be developedUNFCCC led (COP decision), for all PartiesMedium and long term, comprehensive Plan
3 Why BD Needs a Climate Change Strategy? Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries of the worldBangladesh has done fairly well in several development areas despite such huge oddsGDP & food production tripled since largely food secure.Population growth rate substantially fallenExpects to be a middle income country in a decade and half – 4 out of last 5 years posted 6% or higher growthPoverty has fallen in the last decade, though still very daunting numbers are poor.Child mortality fallen and gender parity in primary education achievedThese gains and Bangladesh’s future well-being are under grave threat due to CC
4 Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP)2009 Studies, investigations, modeling since Played active role in IPCC process in 2nd, 3rd, 4th assessments,Bangladesh had prepared NAPA in 2005, Bangladesh prepared response to Bali Action Plan and submitted it to UNFCCC in March 2008.Five Task Forces have been set up, comprising government officials, academics, professionals and representatives of NGOs for guiding countries responses to impacts of Climate Change and support GoB’s preparation in CC Talks.BCCSAP was finalized in 2009; approved by the Cabinet in October GoB committed $200 million of own funds towards implementation of the BCCSAP 2009.
5 BCCSAP 2009….BCCSAP is based on NAPA that was formulated through a consultative process.Ensure 4 securities inviolateFood, Water, Energy and Livelihood (incl health)All 4 Bali elements – adaptation, mitigation, tech transfer and finance have been addressed.To be integral part of development processCommensurate institutional and human capacity development emphasizedFocus on awareness raising and disaster preparedness.Research and data management given importance.
6 BCCSAP 2009… Six pillars (Themes) Food security, social protection & health securityComprehensive disaster managementInfrastructure developmentResearch and knowledge managementMitigation and low carbon developmentCapacity building – institutional and human
7 T1: Food Security, Social Protection and Health P1. Development of climate resilient cultivars and their disseminationP2. Development of climate resilient cropping systemsP3. Adaptation against droughtP4. Adaptation in fisheries sectorP5. Adaptation in livestock sectorP6. Adaptation in health sectorP7. Water and sanitation in climate vulnerable areasP8. Livelihood protection in ecologically fragile areasP9. Livelihood protection of vulnerable socio-economic groups (including women)
8 T2: Comprihensive Disaster Management P1. Improvement of flood forecasting and early warningP2. Improvement of cyclone and storm surge warningP3. Awareness raising and public education towards climate resilienceP4. Risk management against loss on income and property
9 T3 : Infrastructure Development P1. Rrehabilitation and Management of existing flood embankmentsP2. Repair and Management of cyclone sheltersP3. Repair and Management of existing coastal poldersP4. Improvement of urban drainageP5. Adaptation against floodsP6. Adaptation against cyclones and storm surgesP7. Planning and design of river training worksP8. Planning, design and implementation of resuscitation of rivers and khals.
10 T4: Research & Knowledge Management P1. Establish centre for knowledge mgement & training on CCP2. Climate change modelling at national and sub-national levelsP3. Preparatory studies for adaptation against sea level riseP4. Monitoring of ecosystem and biodiversity changes and their impactsP5. Macroeconomic and sectoral economic impacts of CCP6. Monitoring of Internal and external migration of adversely impacted populationP7. Monitoring of Impact of various issues related to management of tourism in Bangladesh
11 T5: Mitigation & Low Carbon Development P1. Improved energy efficiency in production & consumption of energyP2. Gas exploration & reservoir managementP3. Development of coal mines and coal fired power stationsP4. Renewable energy developmentP5. Lower emission from agricultural landP6. Management of urban wasteP7. Afforestation & reforestation programmeP8. Expansion of energy saving devicesP9. Energy and water efficiency in built environmentP10. Improvement in energy consumption pattern intransport sector and options for mitigation
12 P1. Revise of sectoral policies for climate resilience T6: Capacity Building & Institutional StrengtheningP1. Revise of sectoral policies for climate resilienceP2. Main-stream CC in national, sectoral and spatial development plansP3. Strengthen human resource capacityP4. Strengthening of Gender considerations in Climate Change ManagementP5. Strengthen institutional capacity for CC managementP6. Main-streaming CC in the Media
13 Financing the Action Plan During first 2 years $2.0 billion will be required to implement immediate Actions. Total Cost for first 5 years could be US$ 10.0 billion.GoB has established a 350/-million CC Trust Fund from her own resources.A Multi-donor CC Resilience Fund( (about $200m has been collected) has been set up.
14 BCCSAP 2009….. Future country development priorities A living document; will be reviewed and amended based oncountry development prioritiesStatus of international negotiations, Science and technology of CC, CC management.Bangla version will be released soon.Interventions to be sectoral responsibility; FOCAL POINTS to be identified in all Ministries; MoEF’s role will be limited to coordination and facilitation; a Climate Change Unit has been set up.
15 Integration of CC at national Level Integration of Climate Change in National Development Planning in Bangladesh – is it happening? It is happening but slowly;Climate Change focal points established in relevant Ministries for implementation of BCCSAP-2009.6th Five Year ( ) stated that CC concerns have been incorporated, but not ineffectively;Perspective Plan ( ) has considered environmentally sustainable development
16 Integration of CC at national Level... Climate Change Trust fund (BCCTF) and Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF) set up and operational; WB responsible for fiduciary management of BCCRF;Ministry of Finance is conducting a study entitled “Climate Fiscal Framework” on fund utilization and its effectiveness;A process has been initiated that will require all project plans to be approved by Planning Commission will declare that CC concerns have been incorporated;
17 Integration of CC at national Level... Planning Commission has taken up an initiative entitled mainstreaming Poverty-Environment- Climate (PEC) nexus into national planning and budgeting process.Annual Development Program guidelines ( 2012) has incorporated PEC nexusLots of initiative on capacity and technology assessment & transfer – but business-as-usual approach dominates;